|Thelon River (Akilinik)|
The "oasis" section of the Thelon River, below Warden's Grove.
|Province||Northwest Territories, Nunavut|
|- location||Chesterfield Inlet|
|Length||900 km (560 mi)|
|Basin||142,400 km2 (55,000 sq mi) |
The Thelon River (or Akilinik) stretches 900 kilometres (560 mi) across northern Canada. Its source is Whitefish Lake in the Northwest Territories, and it flows east to Baker Lake in Nunavut. The Thelon ultimately drains into Hudson Bay at Chesterfield Inlet.
The drainage basin of the Thelon River encompasses some 142,400 square kilometres (55,000 sq mi). Located far from almost all human development, the Thelon and its surroundings are entirely pristine wilderness.
The Inuit people, including Caribou Inuit and Copper Inuit, have long occupied the sparsely-populated lands around the Thelon. Artifacts of Inuit hunting and travel (including inukshuk guide stones) are readily observed near the river.
In 1770-71, English explorer Samuel Hearne crossed the Thelon while exploring Canada's northern interior.
Over the winter of 1926-27, Canadian naturalist John Hornby starved to death on the Thelon along with two other men. They had planned to hunt migrating caribou, but failed to find the herd. Nevertheless, on the basis of Hornby's earlier explorations with James Critchell-Bullock in 1923, the Thelon Game Sanctuary was established in 1927, renamed the Thelon Wildlife Sanctuary in 1956.
In 1927(?), the Norwegian explorer and writer Helge Ingstad went by dog sled to the headwaters of Thelon (Lynx Lake) together with native peoples from east end of Great Slave Lake. Read more in his book "The Land of Feast and Famine".
In 1990, the lower 545 km (339 mi) of the Thelon were designated a Canadian Heritage River. Although there is no road access to the river, a number of wilderness campers and canoeists visit the Thelon every summer.
- List of longest rivers of Canada
- List of rivers of the Northwest Territories
- List of rivers of Nunavut
- "Thelon River". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada. http://www4.rncan.gc.ca/search-place-names/unique.php?id=OAUJW&output=xml. Retrieved 2010-11-24.
- "Canada Drainage Basins". The National Atlas of Canada, 5th edition. Natural Resources Canada. 1985. Retrieved 24 November 2010.
- "The Stefansson-Anderson Arctic Expedition of the American Museum: Preliminary Ethnological Report". Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History (New York: American Museum of Natural History) 14: 26. 1919. ISBN 0065-9452 Check
|isbn=value (help). OCLC 1116815.