Thelypteris

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Thelypteris
Thelypteris acuminata hosida001.jpg
Thelypteris acuminata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Polypodiophyta
Class: Polypodiopsida
Order: Polypodiales
(unranked): Eupolypods II
Family: Thelypteridaceae
Genus: Thelypteris
Schmidel 1763
Species

as many as 900; see text

Thelypteris (maiden ferns) is a genus of ferns in the family Thelypteridaceae, order Polypodiales.[1] If the genus is defined fairly broadly, it contains 875[2] species, many of which are extremely similar to one another, and is found nearly worldwide.[2] The ferns are terrestrial, with the exception of a few which are lithophytes (grow on rocks).[3] The bulk of the species are tropical, although there are a number of temperate species.[3]

The genus name is from Greek thēlys "female" and pteris "fern". However, "female fern" usually refers to the common lady-fern.

Classification[edit]

At one time,[specify] all thelypterioid ferns were included in the genus Dryopteris because of the sorus shape. However, there are a great many differences between the groups, and these plants are now segregated in their own family.

Some researchers include the entire family Thelypteridaceae in the genus Thelypteris; others divide the family into as many as 30 genera. An intermediate position is to place the bulk in Thelypteris (which can then be divided into subgenera and sections corresponding to the genera of other authors) but to separate out Phegopteris and Macrothelypteris.[2] Another choice is to divide the family into a half a dozen or so genera, one of which is Thelypteris.[3]

Species[edit]

The genus includes the following species (incomplete list):

The flavonoid Protoapigenone from Thelypteris torresiana (a native fern in Taiwan) is being studied in order to better understand the Epstein-Barr virus [6] and may have potential in treating ovarian cancer.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maarten J. M. Christenhusz, Xian-Chun Zhang & Harald Schneider (2011). "A linear sequence of extant families and genera of lycophytes and ferns". Phytotaxa 19: 7–54. 
  2. ^ a b c "Thelypteris". Flora of North America. 
  3. ^ a b c Alan R. Smith, Kathleen M. Pryer, Eric Schuettpelz, Petra Korall, Harald Schneider & Paul G. Wolf (2006). "A classification for extant ferns". Taxon 55 (3): 705–731. doi:10.2307/25065646. 
  4. ^ "Thelypteris noveboracensis". Flora of North America. 
  5. ^ "Thelypteris simulata". LBJ Wildflower Center Native Plant Database. 
  6. ^ Tung CP, Chang FR, Wu YC, Chuang DW, Hunyadi A, Liu ST.,"Inhibition of the Epstein-Barr virus lytic cycle by protoapigenone. J Gen Virol. 2011 Aug;92(Pt 8):1760-8
  7. ^ http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18430509