Thenupuriswarar Temple

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Patteswaram is located in Tamil Nadu
Location in Tamil Nadu
Coordinates: 10°55′N 79°20′E / 10.917°N 79.333°E / 10.917; 79.333Coordinates: 10°55′N 79°20′E / 10.917°N 79.333°E / 10.917; 79.333
Proper name: Patteswaram Temple
Country: India
State: Tamil Nadu
District: Tanjore
Location: Patteeswaram
Temple Details
Primary Deity: Thenupureeswarar
Consort: Somakambalambigai
Temple Tank: Brahma Theertham
Architecture and culture
Architectural styles: Dravidian architecture

Thenupuriswarar Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva located in the holy village of Patteeswaram, Tamil Nadu, India. The temple is incarnated by the hymns of Tirugnana Sambandar and is classified as Paadal Petra Sthalam.

The Temple[edit]

The temple of Patteeswarar presents a magnificent sight with five lovely gopurams and three prakarams. It measures 650 feet east to west and 295 feet south to north. Pattisvara, the presiding deity manifests himself in the form of Linga, in the central mandapam of the first prakaram. Subsidiary deities like Sapthamatha, Mahalakshmi, Renukadevi, Navagraha, Surya, Chandra and Bhairava are housed in the inner parts of the temple. Ganapathy is represented at three different places in three different forms - Anugai Pillayar, Madhavarna Pillayar and Swarna Vinayagar. In the northern part of the first prakaram, Goddess Gnanambigai(Parvathi) lies in a separate shrine. A sculpture of Parvathi doing penance is also found inside the temple.[1]

The Legend behind the temple[edit]

Tirugnana Sambandar came to Thirusattimutram with Adiyars(saints) for worshipping. Then he started towards Patteeswaram. Since the Solar movement was towards the Mituna star causing oppressive heat waves, the child sambandar could not manage. The Lord sent his bhoodaganas(servants) to decorate the streets with beautiful Muthu pandal(ceiling made of flowers). The bhoodaganas prepared the pandal(ceiling) without Sambandar's knowledge. Sambandar was astonished by the reverence of God and enjoyed the shade offered. In order that Sambandar has a view of the Sanctum sanctorum from outside, Shiva ordered Nandi to shift position. The Lord is revered by the hymns of Thirugnana Sambandar.

  • The name Patteeswaram was derived from the daughter of the Divine Cow Kamadenu PATTI WHO worshipped the lord here.[2][3]
  • The Lord asked his vehicle Nandi to move a little so he could enjoy seeing the Child Gnanasambandar coming to have his Darshan.
  • Sri Rama was relieved of Sayagathi dosha for killing Vaali.
  • Goddess herself performed penance here.
  • Sage Viswamitra was admitted in the company of Brahma rishis with the backing of Gayatri Mahamantra in this place.
  • Markandeya worshipped here.
  • All the Navagrahas here face the Sun. And they are positioned as per the "Aagama" tradition.

Durga Devi[edit]

The shrine of Durga Devi is very popular here. Unlike in other temples, the Durga here is very soft in look and grace (Shanta Swarupi). Sitting on her vehicle Lion, placing the feet on the head of Demon Mahishasura, the Goddess appears in a Tribanga stature, eight hands, three eyes and jewels in the ears. Generally, the Lion carrying Kali would be looking on the right side. But the Shanta Swarupi Durga’s Lion here faces the left side. In her hands, the mother holds, conch, wheel, bow, arrow, sword, shield and a parrot.

According to legend, the Sapthavigraha moorthis(Seven deities of Shiva temples) and the specialty temples are as under the list:

Deity Place
Shiva Magalingam Tiruvidaimarudur
Vinayagar Vellai Vinayagar Temple
Murugan Swamimalai
Durga Patteswaram


The temple is located 6 km away from Kumbakonam on the Kumbakonam- Aavoor road. The temple is 3 km away from Darasuram. The best mode is taking town buses from Kumbakonam or mini buses from Darasuram. The Darasuram railway station is also close by to the temple. The temple is surrounded by vast streets on all the four sides. The temple is one of the most visited temples in the district.[4]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Encyclopaedia of the Śaivism .Swami P. Anand, Swami Parmeshwaranand
  2. ^ Census of India, 1961, Volume 7; Volume 9
  3. ^ The self-milking cow and the bleeding liṅgam: criss-cross of motifs in Indian temple legends.Gabriella Eichinger Ferro-Luzzi
  4. ^ "What to see - Thanjavur district attractions". Thanjavur District Administration. Retrieved 2013-07-07.