Theodor Körner (Austrian president)

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Theodor Körner
Theodor Körner.jpg
5th President of Austria
In office
June 21, 1951 – January 4, 1957
Chancellor Leopold Figl
Julius Raab
Preceded by Karl Renner
Succeeded by Adolf Schärf
2nd Mayor and State Governor of Vienna (Second Republic)
In office
April 17, 1945 – June 18, 1951
Preceded by Rudolf Prikryl
Succeeded by Franz Jonas
Personal details
Born (1873-04-23)April 23, 1873
Újszőny by Komorn, Austria-Hungary
now Komárom, Hungary
Died January 4, 1957(1957-01-04) (aged 83)
Vienna, Austria
Nationality Austrian
Political party Social Democratic Party of Austria
Spouse(s) unmarried
Religion Roman Catholicism
Military service
Service/branch War flag of Austria-Hungary (1918).svg Austro-Hungarian Army (1894-1918)

Volkswehr (People's Defence) (1918–1920)
Flag of Austria (state).svg Österreichisches Bundesheer (Austrian Armed Forces) (1920-1924)

Rank First lieutenant - Captain

Major - Colonel - General

Unit - 72nd Infantry Brigade at Zagreb

- General Staff Officer at Mostar (1908)
- Hungarian Infantry Regiment at Levoča (1910)
- Instructor on General Staff Services at the Military School in Vienna (1912)
- Balkan Army High command officer at Petrovaradin (1914)
- Planning and deployment operations for the Battles of the Isonzo (1915-1917)

Commands - XV and VII Imperial Army Chief of Staff (1915 and 1916 respectively)

- First Isonzo Army Chief of Staff (end of 1917)

Battles/wars World War I
Awards - Austro-Hungarian Military Merit CrossThird Class

- Imperial Order of the Iron CrownThird Class
- Knight's Cross of the Military Order of Maria Theresa

Theodor Körner, Edler von Siegringen (April 23, 1873 – January 4, 1957) served as the fifth President of Austria, between 1951 and 1957.

Life[edit]

As son of an officer of the Austro-Hungarian Army, he was born in Újszőny,[1] (today Komárom, Hungary). Family legend has it that he was related to the poet of the same name, but these stories are not proven.

Körner attended the military school in Mährisch Weißkirchen (Hranice), the military academy, and became lieutenant in 1894. He served as an officer in Agram (today Zagreb, Croatia) and was promoted to major in 1904, in which year he became a member of the Austrian chief of staff. During World War I, he was an active commander on the Italian front. He resigned from his military career in 1924 as a General.

Always interested in politics, he joined the social democrats and become a member of parliament in 1924. He served as Chairman of the Federal Council of Austria between December 1933 and February 1934.

The civil war in Austria and the installation of the austro-fascist dictatorship under Engelbert Dollfuss ended Körner's career as a politician. He was arrested like his fellow partymen by the authoritarian government that banned all opposition parties and put their representatives into prison. During World War II, Körner was again imprisoned, this time by the Nazis.

After the war, in April 1945, Körner became Mayor of Vienna in the newly erected Second Republic. Körner was responsible for rebuilding and reconstructing Vienna, which was heavily destroyed due to the bombing during the war. After the death of Karl Renner, his party nominated Körner as candidate for the presidency, and Körner won the elections with slightly more than 51 percent of the votes. He therefore became the first President of Austria directly elected by the people. Körner died at Vienna, in office, the second consecutive President to do so.

Körner had a profound knowledge of military sciences and wrote about military theory. In Vienna, there is a street named after him, as is the Theodor Körner Prize, an Austrian award for science and art.

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Österreichisches Staatsarchiv / Kriegsarchiv

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]