30 August 1884
Fleräng, Valbo, Gävleborg, Sweden
|Died||25 February 1971
|Alma mater||Uppsala University|
|Doctoral students||Arne Tiselius|
|Known for||analytical ultracentrifugation
|Notable awards||Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1926)
Franklin Medal (1949)
Fellow of the Royal Society (1944)
Theodor Svedberg was born in Gavleborg, Sweden. He is the son of Augusta Alstermark, and Elias Svedberg. In 1905, he earned his Bachelor of Arts degree, his Master's degree in 1907, and finally in 1908, he gained his PH.D.
Svedberg's work with colloids supported the theories of Brownian motion put forward by Albert Einstein and the Polish geophysicist Marian Smoluchowski. During this work, he developed the technique of analytical ultracentrifugation, and demonstrated its utility in distinguishing pure proteins one from another.
Awards and honours
Svedberg's candidacy for the Royal Society reads:
"distinguished for his work in physical and colloid chemistry and the development of the ultracentifuge"
- Svedberg's Nobel Foundation biography
- Claesson, S.; Pedersen, K. O. (1972). "The Svedberg 1884-1971". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 18: 594. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1972.0022.
- "The Svedberg Biography". Nobelprize. Nobel Media AB 2013. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
- Kyle, R. A.; Shampo, M. A. (1997). "Theodor Svedberg and the ultracentrifuge". Mayo Clinic proceedings. Mayo Clinic 72 (9): 830. doi:10.4065/72.9.830. PMID 9294529.
- The Svedberg-lab, Particle accelerator center in Uppsala, Sweden
- "Library and Archive Catalogue". London: The Royal Society. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
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