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|Born||Theodore Harold Maiman
July 11, 1927
Los Angeles, California
|Died||May 5, 2007
Vancouver, British Columbia
|Institutions||Hughes Research Laboratories
|Alma mater||University of Colorado
|Doctoral advisor||Willis Lamb|
|Known for||Inventing, Demonstrating, and Patenting the World's First LASER|
|Notable awards||Stuart Ballantine Medal (1962)
Wolf Prize in Physics (1983)
Japan Prize (1987)
Theodore Harold "Ted" Maiman (July 11, 1927 – May 5, 2007) was an American physicist who is credited with being the inventor of the first ruby laser. Maiman received many awards and honors for his work, and was the author of a book titled The Laser Odyssey, which describes the events surrounding the creation of the first laser.
Life and career
Maiman was born in Los Angeles, California, where in his teens, he earned money for college by repairing electrical appliances and radios. After service in the U.S. Navy, he earned a B.S. in engineering physics from the University of Colorado. At Stanford University he earned an M.S. in electrical engineering and in 1955 a PhD in physics under Willis Lamb. In 1956 Maiman started work in Culver City, California at Hughes Atomic Physics Department where he led the ruby maser project for the U.S. Army Signal Corps. He successfully completed the project in the summer of 1959 and began work on the development of a ruby crystal laser. Maiman published a scientific report of his success in the August 6th 1960 issue of Nature.
In 1962, as a laser technology entrepreneur, Maiman founded the Korad Corporation, which was acquired in 1968 by Union Carbide. Upon completion of the acquisition, he founded Maiman Associates, a management consulting firm dealing with lasers. In 1972 he founded Laser Video Corporation. In 1976 Maiman became vice president of research and development for TRW.
Due to his work on the laser, he was twice nominated for a Nobel Prize and was given membership in both the National Academies of Science and Engineering. He received the Oliver E. Buckley Prize in 1966. He was the recipient of the 1983/84 Wolf Prize in Physics, and was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame that same year. Besides, he received F&J. Hertz and Japan Prizes. Many universities awarded him honorary degrees. Maiman received his last honorary degree in 2002 from Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada. Maiman's laser was named an IEEE Milestone in 2010.
- U.S. Patent 3,353,115
- Johnson, John, Jr. (May 11, 2008). Theodore H. Maiman, at age 32; scientist created the first LASER. Los Angeles Times
- Maiman, Theodore (6 August 1960). "Stimulated Optical Radiation in Ruby". Nature 187: 493–494. doi:10.1038/187493a0.
- Laser Inventor, Biography of Theodore Maiman from laserinventor.com
- D'Haenens, Irnee J. (October 2007). "Obituary: Theodore Harold Maiman". Physics Today 60 (10): 72–75. doi:10.1063/1.2800106.
- MagLab – Pioneers in Electricity and Magnetism: Theodore Maiman
- Oakes, Elizabeth H. (2009). "Theodore Maiman". A to Z of STS Scientists. p. 189.
- Douglas Martin (May 11, 2007). "Maiman built world's first LASER". The New York Times.
- "List of IEEE Milestones". IEEE Global History Network. IEEE. Retrieved 3 August 2011.
- Douglas, Martin (May 11, 2007). Theodore Maiman, 79, Dies; Demonstrated First LASER New York Times
- Theodore H. Maiman via IEEE Global History Network
- Bright Idea: The First Lasers (history)