|Deputy Prime Minister of Greece|
7 October 2009 – 17 May 2012
|Prime Minister||George Papandreou
|Member of the Hellenic Parliament|
|Minister for Foreign Affairs|
22 January 1996 – 18 February 1999
|Prime Minister||Costas Simitis|
|Preceded by||Karolos Papoulias|
|Succeeded by||George Papandreou|
17 August 1938 |
Eleusis, West Attica, Greece
|Political party||Panhellenic Socialist Movement|
Theodoros Pangalos (Greek: Θεόδωρος Πάγκαλος, born 17 August 1938) is a Greek politician, and leading member of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement. He served as the Deputy Prime Minister of Greece, responsible for the coordination of the Government Council for Foreign Affairs and Defense (KYSEA) and the new Economic & Social Policy Committee from 2009 to 2012 
Pangalos was member of the left-wing Lambrakis Youth and, in 1964, a candidate for the Hellenic Parliament with the United Democratic Left (EDA). Pangalos opposed the 1967 military dictatorship, and was deprived by the junta of his Greek citizenship in 1968.
Political career and controversy
He became a member of the Communist Party of Greece, rising to its Central Committee, before eventually joining the PASOK socialist party during the Metapolitefsi. He was elected for the first time as a MP in the 1981 general election with PASOK and has been continuously re-elected since.
In 1989, he threatened "to turn the [Greek] parliament into Beijing, a reference to the recent Tiananmen Square massacre in the face of a political understanding between the Right and the Left for the formation of government. Ten years later, he described the Greek parliament as being composed of "Kenyan delegates" in reaction to the outcry brought about by his mismanagement of the Öcalan affair.
In 1996 he was appointed as a Minister for Foreign Affairs and held the post until his resignation in 1999, in the aftermath of the scandal involving the Kurdish nationalist leader, Abdullah Öcalan: helped by individual members of the Greek intelligence agencies Öcalan entered Greece illegally and was then deported to Kenya, where he was captured by Turkish agents after leaving the Greek embassy at Nairobi.
Theodoros Pangalos is famous for his colorful language and insulting comments about political opponents and foreign dignitaries.
In 1997, he described the Turkish establishment as "murderers, rapists and thieves" in the midst of disagreements over the Turkish candidacy for entry into the European Union. Six months earlier, Theodoros Pangalos had, in sharp contrast to his later statements, declared that "Turkey certainly belongs in Europe, as it is a part of European history".
He is also known to regularly express opinions which contradict the official stance of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement while he has used strong language against numerous politicians including Georgios Alogoskoufis, the former Minister for Economy and Finance with the New Democracy party.
He was briefly made Minister for Culture in 2000, an appointment which was widely criticized, in view of his previous statement that artists who had protested his handling of the Öcalan affair were 'kouradomanges' (turd tough guys). According to the Panhellenic Socialist Movement-leaning daily newspaper To Vima, Theodoros Pangalos resolved an administrative dispute with a Greek diplomatic official by "punching him to the ground" when the employee in question offered a handshake.
When in the course of the global financial crisis of 2007–2010 the Greek state became unable to service its debt, Pangalos demanded reparations from Germany for the war crimes committed during World War II as an alternative to the austerity measures demanded by the nation's creditors. Yet in 2010, he angered Greeks when, responding to claims that the misappropriation of state funds had led to the country's insolvency, he spoke out in favor of austerity measures and accused all citizens with the words "Mazi ta fagame" ("We all ate it together [i.e., we are all responsible for the debt])".
Pangalos has stated on numerous occasions that he fights Greece's corner at every opportunity.
His year then further deteroriated when he was caught stating that Greeks are lazy and Turks are hard workers while on an official visit to Turkey where he was supposed to be promoting Greek banks investing in Turkey. Once again he denied he had made these comments or given an interview to Hurriyet and finally accused his accusers of lying. ND spokesman Yiannis Michelakis labeled Panagalos as being “out of control” and called for some action.  Pangalos also said he would sue the Eleftheros Typos newspaper over its report, which labeled him a “liar.” Things than got even worse for Pangalos as the Turkish journalist had actually recorded him making the remarks in question and thus ending the debate.
In popular culture
- "New Papandreou government Cabinet announced". ANA-MPA (ana-mpa.gr). 6 October 2009. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
- Πάγκαλος, Θεόδωρος (1950). Τα απομνημονευματά μου, 1897-1947: η ταραχώδης περιόδος της τελευταίας πεντηκονταετίας.
- "Τα Ελευσίνια μυστήρια δύο υπουργών". tovima.gr. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
- Brabant, Malcolm (25 February 2010). "Greece angers Germany in gold row". BBC News.
- Biography of Theodoros Pangalos in the Official Website of the Hellenic Parliament (Greek) - (English)
Title last held byTzannis Tzannetakis and
(in the 1990–1993 Mitsotakis cabinet)
|Deputy Prime Minister of Greece
7 October 2009 – 17 May 2012
(with Evangelos Venizelos from 17 June 2011 to 21 March 2012)
Title next held byEvangelos Venizelos
(in the 2013 Samaras cabinet)
|Minister for Foreign Affairs
1996 – 1999