|Portrait by Sarah Goodridge, 1820|
|Chief Justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court|
February 24, 1750|
|Died||October 30, 1813(aged 63)|
Theophilus Parsons (February 24, 1750 – October 30, 1813) was an American jurist.
Born in Newbury, Massachusetts, and the son of a clergyman, Parsons was one of the early students at the Dummer Academy (now The Governor's Academy) before matriculating to Harvard College from which he graduated in 1769, was a schoolmaster in Falmouth (now Portland, Maine) from 1770–1773; he studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1774. In 1800, he moved to Boston.
He served as Chief Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts from 1806 until his death in Boston in 1813. In politics, he was active as one of the Federalist leaders in the state. He was a member of the Essex County convention of 1778 — called to protest against the proposed state constitution — and as a member of the "Essex Junto" was probably the author of The Essex Result, which helped to secure the constitution's rejection at the polls. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1781. He was also elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1813.
Parsons was a member of the state constitutional convention of 1779-1780 and one of the committee of twenty-six who drafted the constitution. He was also a delegate to the state convention of 1788 which ratified the Federal Constitution. According to tradition, he was the author of the famous Conciliatory Resolutions, or proposed amendments to the constitution, which did much to win over Samuel Adams and John Hancock to ratification. His Commentaries on the Laws of the United States (1836) contains some of his more important legal opinions.
|Chief Justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court