Theophylact Botaneiates

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Theophylact Botaniates (Greek: Θεοφύλακτος Βοτανειάτης Theophylaktos Botaneiates) was an 11th-century Byzantine general and governor of Thessalonica. In 1014 the Byzantine Emperor Basil II invaded Bulgaria and reached the ramparts around the village of Klyuch (Kleidion in Greek). To distract his attention, the Bulgarian emperor Samuel sent a large army under Nestoritsa towards Thessalonica. Botaniates and his son Michael met the Bulgarians and defeated them in the vicinity of the city, after which he joined Basil's troops.[1][2] After the Byzantine victory in the subsequent battle of Kleidion he was sent with an army to clear the road to Thessalonica. On his way back to Basil's main camp however, his army was ambushed by the Bulgarians under Gavril Radomir and Botaneiates himself was killed by Radomir's spear.[3][4]


  1. ^ John Skylitzes, Historia, "Selected sources", Vol. II, p. 66
  2. ^ Zlatarski, History of Bulgaria in the Middle Ages, Vol. I, Part 2, pp. 732–734
  3. ^ Zlatarski, History of Bulgaria in the Middle Ages, Vol. I, Part 2, p. 738
  4. ^ Angelov / Cholpanov, Bulgarian Military History in the Middle Ages (10th–15th centuries), pp. 55–56


  • John Skylitzes. Synopsis Historion, translated by Paul Stephenson.
  • Zlatarski, Vasil, History of Bulgaria in the Middle Ages (Istoria na balgarskata darzhava prez srednite vekove, История на българската държава през средните векове), in Bulgarian, Vol. 1, Part 2, Marin Drinov Academic Publishers, Sofia, 1994, ISBN 954-430-299-9 (That work can be found in the Internet, taken from the site "Books for Macedonia" (in Bulgarian) on 29.01.2008)
  • Angelov, Dimitar, and Boris Cholpanov, Bulgarian Military History in the Middle Ages (10th–15th centuries) (Balgarska voenna istoria prez srednovekovieto (X-XV vek), Българска военна история през средновековието (Х-XV век), in Bulgarian, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Publishers, Sofia 1994, ISBN 954-430-200-X
Last known title holder:
David Areianites (ca. 1000)
Governor (doux) of Thessalonica
Succeeded by
Constantine Diogenes