Theosophical Society Adyar

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Coordinates: 13°00′37″N 80°16′13″E / 13.01016°N 80.27028°E / 13.01016; 80.27028

A view of the gardens of the Adyar Theosophical society

The Theosophy Society - Adyar is the name of a section of the Theosophical Society founded by Helena Petrovna Blavatsky and others in 1875. Its headquarters moved with Blavatsky and president Henry Steel Olcott to Adyar, an area of Chennai in 1883. The designation 'Adyar' is added to make it clear that this is the Theosophical Society headquartered there, after William Quan Judge was separated by Besant and formed his own organization, known as the "Theosophical Society - Pasadena", with its International Headquarters in Pasadena, California.

The presidents of the Theosophical Society - Adyar have included Annie Besant, George Arundale, C. Jinarajadasa, Nilakanta Sri Ram, John Coats and Radha Burnier.

The US National Section of this organization is called the Theosophical Society in America located in Wheaton, Illinois.

The garden[edit]

Known as the "Huddleston Gardens," the Theosophical Society garden lies on the south bank of the Adyar River and covers 260 acres. The garden has migratory birds, fruit bats, snakes, jackals, wild cats, mongooses, hares and a variety of spiders. Trees include the rare mahogany and other trees from across the globe. The garden also has a 450-year-old banyan tree, known locally as Adyar aala maram, whose aerial roots cover some 60,000 sq m.[1]

Founders[edit]

H.P. Blavatsky standing behind Henry Steel Olcott (middle seated) and Damodar Mavalankar (seated to his left). Bombay 1881

H.P. Blavatsky, Henry Steel Olcott, William Quan Judge and others founded the Theosophical Society on 17 November 1875 in New York City. The American Section split off with William Quan Judge as its leader. Henry Steel Olcott remained president till his death in 1907.

Aims & ideals[edit]

  1. To form a nucleus of the Universal Brotherhood of Humanity, without distinction of race, creed, sex, caste or color.
  2. To encourage the study of Comparative Religion, Philosophy and Science.
  3. To investigate unexplained laws of Nature and the powers latent in man.

Monastic / Non-monastic[edit]

The Theosophical Society is open to anybody who supports its three objects, regardless of belief, social custom or marriage status. Celibacy is neither encouraged nor discouraged, each member being free to decide his/her own way of life.

General philosophical outlook[edit]

Spiritual discipline[edit]

The practice of brotherhood regardless of race, creed, sex, color, or any other difference is recommended. Nothing is mandatory. Members are free to have any or no spiritual practice at all.

Administrative set-up[edit]

The organization has a highly autonomous setup in that lodges and sections are fully autonomous. The President gets involved in National Section matters only when there is some dispute between them. Otherwise the President does not interfere in the matters of the sections or lodges. The President is nominated by the members of the General Council and then elected by members all over the world. The President holds office for seven-year period. The Vice-President acts on behalf of the President as necessary and assists him or her in various ways. The Secretary handles worldwide correspondence, maintains records including statistics of the worldwide membership of the Society, its Lodges and Sections, and is responsible for producing an annual report. He/she is also the Secretary of the General Council and the Executive Committee of the Society. This Committee, which meets a number of times each year, implements the decisions of the General Council and makes financial and administrative decisions relating to the Society's Headquarters. The Treasurer is responsible for the finances of the Society and prepares an annual financial report.

Locally, members are organised in lodges. When a country has at least seven lodges, these can be gathered in a national section. Lodges and sections have a democratic organisation in which chairperson, secretary, treasurer and optional other officers are elected. Similarly, officers of the national sections are directly elected by the members of that section in a business meeting.

Activities[edit]

Religion & spirituality[edit]

The Theosophical Society is organised in lodges and national sections. These organise meetings for religious study and lectures. Members individually practice any kind of meditation or other spiritual practice they choose.

Social field[edit]

Olcott Memorial High School provides free education, uniforms, books, and two daily meals to impoverished rural children in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.[2]

Cultural field[edit]

  • Theosophical Publishing House

Relief activities[edit]

When a Tsunami hit South India on 26 December 2004 and many of the people living near the Adyar-compound were affected, the Theosophical Society, through the Theosophical Order of Service, helped them survive and later helped (and is still helping) to reclaim their lives. Similar activities were undertaken after the Hurricane that destroyed much of New Orleans in 2005.

Province of its influence[edit]

The influence of the Theosophical Society has been major, especially considering its small size. The new age movement reflected many of its main characteristics, especially holism and eclecticism. In Modern Art, the artists Kandinsky and Mondriaan were both influenced by theosophy.

Theosophical Society and Jiddu Krishnamurti[edit]

The leadership of the Theosophical Society at Adyar was responsible for promoting young Jiddu Krishnamurti as the new "World Teacher" during the first few decades of the 20th century. Charles Webster Leadbeater, one of the Society's leaders at the time, had "discovered" fourteen-year-old Krishnamurti in 1909, and considered him the likely "vehicle" for the expected reappearance of the Maitreya. However, as a young man in 1929, Krishnamurti disavowed his expected "mission" and disassociated himself from the Theosophical Society and its doctrines and practices. Over the next six decades he pursued an independent course, becoming widely known as an original, influential thinker and speaker on philosophical and religious subjects.[3]

It is remarkable that many members of the Theosophical Society are ardent students of his philosophy.[citation needed]

Publications[edit]

  • Magazines
  • Brahmavidya — Adyar Library Bulletin
  • The Theosophist - English monthly Current Issue
  • Adyar Newsletter - quarterly journal
  • Wake Up India - quarterly journal
  • The Theosophical Digest - quarterly journal
  • Books
  • The Key to Theosophy - H. P. Blavatsky
  • An Outline of Theosophy - C.W. Leadbeater
  • The Ancient Wisdom - Annie Besant
  • At the Feet of the Master - Alcyone
  • First Principles of Theosophy - C. Jinarajadasa
  • Light on the Path - Mabel Collins
  • Seven Great Religions - Annie Besant
  • Quest Books is the imprint of the Theosophical Publishing House, the publishing arm of the Theosophical Society in America (Wheaton, IL) branch of the International Theosophical Society Adyar.
  • Internet maillist -- theos-talk at www.groups.yahoo.com. A very active and independent maillist which has no official connection with any organization is a valuable source for uptodate information on all matters relating to theosophy and TS Adyar and others. The archives are also Public.
  • Internet Community - www.theosophy.net - An new public community website setup by a few interested theosophists. It is totally independent and is not funded or directly or indirectly controlled or moderated by any theosophy organization.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Padmanabhan, Geeta (9 January 2012). "Chennai's eco spots". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). Retrieved 9 Jan 2012. 
  2. ^ http://www.ashanet.org/projects/project-view.php?p=360
  3. ^ Lutyens, Mary (2005). J. Krishnamurti: A Life. New Delhi: Penguin Books India. ISBN 978-0-14-400006-7. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]