Thermal, California

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For the former community in Fresno County, see Thermal, Fresno County, California.
Thermal
census-designated place
Avenue 56 in Thermal, California
Avenue 56 in Thermal, California
Thermal is located in California
Thermal
Thermal
Location within the state of California
Coordinates: 33°37′35″N 116°07′51″W / 33.62639°N 116.13083°W / 33.62639; -116.13083Coordinates: 33°37′35″N 116°07′51″W / 33.62639°N 116.13083°W / 33.62639; -116.13083
Country  United States
State  California
County Riverside
Area[1]
 • Total 9.451 sq mi (24.479 km2)
 • Land 9.451 sq mi (24.479 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation [2] -138 ft (−42 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,865
 • Density 300/sq mi (120/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 92274
Area code(s) 760
GNIS feature ID 2583161
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Thermal, California

Thermal is a census-designated place located approximately 25 miles southeast of Palm Springs and about 9.5 miles north of the Salton Sea. The community's elevation is 138 feet (42 m) below mean sea level. It is inside area code 760 and is in ZIP Code 92274. The population was 2,865 at the 2010 census.

Geography and climate[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 9.5 square miles (25.5 km²), all of it land.[3]

Climate[edit]

The climate of the Coachella Valley is influenced by the surrounding geography. High mountain ranges on three sides contribute to its unique and year-round warm climate, with some of warmest winters west of the Rocky Mountains. Thermal has a warm winter/hot summer climate: Its average annual high temperature is 89.5 °F (31.9 °C) and average annual low is 62.1 °F (16.7 °C) but summer highs above 108 °F (42 °C) are common and sometimes exceed 120 °F (49 °C), while summer night lows often stay above 82 °F (28 °C). Winters are warm with daytime highs often between 68–86 °F (20–30 °C). Under 4 inches (100 mm) of annual precipitation are average, with over 348 days of sunshine per year. The hottest temperature ever recorded in the area was 125 °F (52 °C) on July 6, 1905.[4] The mean annual temperature is 75.8 °F (24.3 °C).[5]

Climate data for Thermal, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 97
(36)
100
(38)
104
(40)
110
(43)
121
(49)
123
(51)
125
(52)
121
(49)
122
(50)
115
(46)
101
(38)
96
(36)
125
(52)
Average high °F (°C) 71.9
(22.2)
75.3
(24.1)
81.3
(27.4)
87.5
(30.8)
95.7
(35.4)
103.1
(39.5)
107.3
(41.8)
106.6
(41.4)
102.0
(38.9)
91.9
(33.3)
79.6
(26.4)
71.0
(21.7)
89.5
(31.9)
Average low °F (°C) 44.6
(7)
48.0
(8.9)
54.8
(12.7)
60.7
(15.9)
67.7
(19.8)
74.2
(23.4)
80.3
(26.8)
80.3
(26.8)
74.0
(23.3)
63.7
(17.6)
51.8
(11)
44.2
(6.8)
62.1
(16.7)
Record low °F (°C) 13
(−11)
20
(−7)
25
(−4)
33
(1)
38
(3)
45
(7)
59
(15)
56
(13)
46
(8)
31
(−1)
23
(−5)
17
(−8)
13
(−11)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.56
(14.2)
0.64
(16.3)
0.43
(10.9)
0.05
(1.3)
0.07
(1.8)
0.01
(0.3)
0.04
(1)
0.54
(13.7)
0.04
(1)
0.26
(6.6)
0.18
(4.6)
0.62
(15.7)
3.44
(87.4)
Source: NOAA (normals 1981–2010)[6]

Demographics[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[7] reported that Thermal had a population of 2,865. The population density was 303.1 people per square mile (117.0/km²). The racial makeup of Thermal was 1,034 (36.1%) White, 28 (1.0%) African American, 30 (1.0%) Native American, 32 (1.1%) Asian, 1 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 1,685 (58.8%) from other races, and 55 (1.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2,730 persons (95.3%).

The Census reported that 2,863 people (99.9% of the population) lived in households, 2 (<0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 684 households, out of which 452 (66.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 410 (59.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 113 (16.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 87 (12.7%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 61 (8.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 6 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 55 households (8.0%) were made up of individuals and 19 (2.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.19. There were 610 families (89.2% of all households); the average family size was 4.36.

The population was spread out with 1,070 people (37.3%) under the age of 18, 316 people (11.0%) aged 18 to 24, 781 people (27.3%) aged 25 to 44, 502 people (17.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 196 people (6.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25.9 years. For every 100 females there were 111.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 109.5 males.

There were 761 housing units at an average density of 80.5 per square mile (31.1/km²), of which 269 (39.3%) were owner-occupied, and 415 (60.7%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.7%. 1,162 people (40.6% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 1,701 people (59.4%) lived in rental housing units.

Public services[edit]

Education[edit]

There are several schools in Coachella Valley Unified School District in and near the community. These include schools in Salton City, 20 miles south of Coachella, in Imperial County, California. In Thermal, they are: Westside Elementary (K-6), Oasis Elementary (K-8), Mountain Vista Elementary (K-6), Saul Martinez Elementary (K-6), Mecca Elementary (K-6), Edward Park Elementary (K-5), Toro Canyon Middle (6-8), Bobby Duke Middle (6-8), John Kelley Elementary (K-6), Coachella Valley High (9-12), Cesar Chavez Elementary (K-6), Cahuilla Desert Academy (Junior High: 7th and 8th grade), Desert Mirage High School (9-12), West Shores High School (9-12) and La Familia Continuation High (9-12).

College of the Desert, a community college based in Palm Desert has opened a new satellite campus, the East Valley Educational Center, on the corner of 62nd Avenue and Buchanan Street.

Transportation[edit]

Thermal Airport is located about 1.6 miles southwest of the community. The Union Pacific Railroad owns and operates the former Southern Pacific Railroad mainline through Thermal.

The region is served by a two-lane Expressway. State Route 86/111 is a modern transportation corridor that serves as a fruit shipping and international trucking route to connect with Interstate 10 in Indio.

Cemeteries[edit]

The Toro Cemetery is located on Monroe Street.[8][9]

The Torres-Martinez Desert Cahuilla Indians maintains a small (48 interments) cemetery on Martinez Road.[10][11]

The Thermal Club[edit]

The Thermal Club is a private motorsports facility situated on 344 acres (139 ha) south of Thermal. This private country club for automotive enthusiasts plans to build a 4.5-mile motor racing circuit (7,200 m) with 300 lots for member-owned garages and villas. The first 1.8-mile racing course (2,900 m) is in use in 2014 by early members and for media and promotional events with 2 more courses planned.[12]

References[edit]

  • U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Thermal
  • Nordland, Ole J., History of the Coachella Valley County Water District, Second Ed., (Coachella, California: Coachella Valley Water District, 1978).
  • Map: "Road Map of California, 1958," (Sacramento, California: State of California, Department of Public Works, Division of Highways).
  • California Region Timetable: 14, (Modesto, California: Altamont Press, 2003).
  • U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Educational Statistics

External links[edit]