Thermoplasma

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Thermoplasma
Scientific classification
Domain: Archaea
Kingdom: Euryarchaeota
Phylum: Euryarchaeota
Class: Thermoplasmata
Order: Thermoplasmatales
Family: Thermoplasmataceae
Genus: Thermoplasma
Species
Synonyms
  • Thermoplasma Darland et al. 1970

In taxonomy, Thermoplasma is a genus of the Thermoplasmataceae.[1]

Thermoplasma is a genus of archaea. It belongs to the Thermoplasmata, which thrive in acidic and high-temperature environments. Thermoplasma are facultative anaerobes and respire using sulfur and organic carbon. They do not contain a cell wall but instead contain a unique membrane composed mainly of a tetraether lipoglycan containing atypical archaeal tetraether lipid attached to a glucose- and mannose-containing oligosaccharide. This lipoglycan is presumably responsible for the acid and thermal stability of the Thermoplasma membrane.

Currently the genus Thermoplasma contains two species, T. acidophilum and T. volcanium.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Scientific journals[edit]

  • Ruepp, A., Graml, W., Santos-Martinez, M.-L., Koretke, K.K., Volker, C., Werner Mews, H., Frishman, D., Stocker, S., Lupas, A.N. and Baumeister, W. (2000). "The genome sequence of the thermoacidophilic scavenger Thermoplasma acidophilum". Nature 407 (6803): 508–513. doi:10.1038/35035069. PMID 11029001.  [1]
  • Darland G, Brock TD, Samsonoff W, Conti SF (1970). "A thermophilic, acidophilic mycoplasma isolated from a coal refuse pile". Science 170 (3965): 1416–1418. doi:10.1126/science.170.3965.1416. PMID 5481857. 
  • Ma, Chao; Pathak, Chinar; Jang, Sunbok; Lee, Sang Jae; Nam, Minjoo; Kim, Soon-Jong; Im, Hookang; Lee, Bong-Jin (October 2014). "Structure of Thermoplasma volcanium Ard1 belongs to N-acetyltransferase family member suggesting multiple ligand binding modes with acetyl coenzyme A and coenzyme A". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Proteins and Proteomics 1844 (10): 1790–1797. doi:10.1016/j.bbapap.2014.07.011. 

Scientific books[edit]

  • Madigan, M.T. and Martinko, J.M. (2005). Brock Biology of Microorganisms, 11th Ed. Pearson Prentice Hall. 
  • Reysenbach, A-L (2001). "Family I. Thermoplasmataceae fam. nov.". In DR Boone and RW Castenholz, eds. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology Volume 1: The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic Bacteria (2nd ed.). New York: Springer Verlag. ISBN 978-0-387-98771-2. 

Scientific databases[edit]

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