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For other uses, see Thermus (disambiguation).
Thermus aquaticus.JPG
Thermus aquaticus
Scientific classification
Domain: Bacteria[1]
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Deinococcus-Thermus
Class: Deinococci
Order: Thermales
Genus: Thermus
Brock & Freeze, 1969

Thermus is a genus of thermophilic bacteria. It is one of several bacteria belonging to the Deinococcus-Thermus group. It includes the following species:[2][3]


The currently accepted taxonomy is based on the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) [5] and National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)[6] and the phylogeny is based on 16S rRNA-based LTP release 115 by 'The All-Species Living Tree' Project [7]

?T. caliditerrae Ming et al. 2014

?T. caldophilusTaguchi et al. 1983

?T. eggertssoniiPeters 2008

?T. kawarayensisKurosawa et al. 2005

?T. murrietaBenner et al. 2006

?T. nonproteolyticus

?T. rehaiLin et al. 2002

?T. tengchongensis Yu et al. 2013

?T. yunnanensisGong et al. 2005

T. oshimai Williams et al. 1996

T. filiformis Hudson et al. 1987

T. thermophilus (ex Oshima and Imahori 1974) Manaia et al. 1995

T. composti Vajna et al. 2012

T. antranikianii Chung et al. 2000

T. scotoductus Kristjansson et al. 1994

T. brockianus Williams et al. 1995

T. igniterrae Chung et al. 2000

T. aquaticus Brock and Freeze 1969 (type sp.)

T. arciformis Zhang et al. 2010

T. islandicus Bjornsdottir et al. 2009

♠ Strains found at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) but not listed in the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LSPN)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Kingdom Archaea". Plant Physiology Information Website. Ross Koning. 1994. Retrieved 1 September 2009. 
  2. ^ Brock TD and Freeze H (1969). "Thermus aquaticus, a Nonsporulating Extreme Thermophile". J. Bact. 98 (1): 289–97. PMC 249935. PMID 5781580. 
  3. ^ Chung, A. P.; Rainey, F. A.; Valente, M.; Nobre, M. F.; da Costa, M. S. (2000). "Thermus igniterrae sp. nov. and Thermus antranikianii sp. nov., two new species from Iceland". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 50 (1): 209–217. doi:10.1099/00207713-50-1-209. ISSN 1466-5026. PMID 10826806. 
  4. ^ Yu, Tian-Tian; Yao, Ji-Cheng; Ming, Hong; Yin, Yi-Rui; Zhou, En-Min; Liu, Min-Jiao; Tang, Shu-Kun; Li, Wen-Jun (2013). "Thermus tengchongensis sp. nov., isolated from a geothermally heated soil sample in Tengchong, Yunnan, south-west China". Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 103 (3): 513–518. doi:10.1007/s10482-012-9833-9. 
  5. ^ J.P. Euzéby. "Deinococcus-Thermus". List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) [1]. Retrieved 2014-03-20. 
  6. ^ Sayers et al. "Deinococcus-Thermus". National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) taxonomy database [2]. Retrieved 2014-03-20. 
  7. ^ 'The All-Species Living Tree' Project."16S rRNA-based LTP release 115 (full tree)" (PDF). Silva Comprehensive Ribosomal RNA Database [3]. Retrieved 2014-03-20.