Thesprotia

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For the genus of praying mantises, see Thesprotia (genus).
Thesprotia
Περιφερειακή ενότητα
Θεσπρωτίας
Regional unit
Municipalities of Thesprotia
Municipalities of Thesprotia
Thesprotia within Greece
Thesprotia within Greece
Coordinates: 39°35′N 20°20′E / 39.583°N 20.333°E / 39.583; 20.333Coordinates: 39°35′N 20°20′E / 39.583°N 20.333°E / 39.583; 20.333
Country Greece
Region Epirus
Capital Igoumenitsa
Area
 • Total 1,515 km2 (585 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 43,587
 • Density 29/km2 (75/sq mi)
Postal codes 46x xx
Area codes 266x0
ISO 3166 code GR-32
Car plates ΗΝ
Website www.nthesprotias.gr

Thesprotia (Greek: Θεσπρωτία) is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the Epirus region. Its capital is the town of Igoumenitsa. It is named after the Thesprotians, an ancient Greek tribe that inhabited the region in antiquity.

History[edit]

Further information: Epirus (region) § History

The territory of Thesprotia remained under Ottoman rule until 1913, when it was annnexed by the Greek state after the First Balkan War. Until 1937, when the separate prefecture of Thesprotia was established, the area was part of the Ioannina Prefecture.[1][2]

Geography and climate[edit]

Acheron river

Thesprotia borders Albania to the north, the regional unit of Ioannina to the east and Preveza to the south. The Ionian Sea lies to the west. Much of the regional unit is mountainous. Most farmland is located in the valleys in the central, southern and the western part. Two of Thesprotia's rivers are legendary: the Thyamis and the Acheron of Greek mythology, lined with reedbeds and plane trees.

Thesprotia's coastal climate is Mediterranean. Cold winters of a semi-alpine climate dominate the eastern part and higher elevations.

Administration[edit]

The regional unit Thesprotia is subdivided into 4 municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox):[3]

Prefecture[edit]

Thesprotia was established as a prefecture in 1937 (Greek: Νομός Θεσπρωτίας). As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Thesprotia was created out of the former prefecture Thesprotia. The prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below.[3]

New municipality Old municipalities Seat
Filiates Filiates Filiates
Sagiada
Igoumenitsa Igoumenitsa Igoumenitsa
Margariti
Parapotamos
Perdika
Syvota
Souli Souli Paramythia
Acherontas
Paramythia

Provinces[edit]

Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece.

Economy[edit]

Thesprotia is traditionally one of the poorest and most remote prefectures of Greece. The main economical activities are agriculture and tourism, with agriculture as historically the main economical activity.[4]

The main tourist attractions of the region are its numerous beaches, particularly the resort of Syvota. Other tourist attractions are the remains of ancient cities such as Gitani.

Infrastructure[edit]

In 1996, construction began on motorway 2, officially called Egnatia Odos. The road, which links the Ionian coast at Igoumenitsa to Thessaloniki, was opened to traffic in 2009. Other important roads in Thesprotia include the Greek National Road 6 (Igoumenitsa - Ioannina - Larissa) and Greek National Road 18 (Filiates - Paramythia - Preveza).

In 2009, construction began for a new highway that will connect Igoumenitsa and Saranda, passing by Sagiada and Konispol.

The port of Igoumenitsa serves ferry routes to the islands of Corfu and Paxoi (includes Antipaxoi), as well as Italy.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Greece. Volume I — Physical Geography, History, Administration and Peoples. United Kingdom, Naval Intelligence Division. 1944. p. 255. 
  2. ^ Law, Gwillim (1999). Administrative subdivisions of countries: a comprehensive world reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 152. ISBN 978-0-7864-0729-3. 
  3. ^ a b Kallikratis reform law text PDF
  4. ^ Vickers, Miranda.The Albanians: A Modern History. I.B.Tauris, 1999. ISBN 1-86064-541-0, ISBN 978-1-86064-541-9. pp. 20.

External links[edit]