|Immature bird in Tanzania|
The Thick-billed Cuckoo (Pachycoccyx audeberti) is a species of cuckoo in the Cuculidae family. It is monotypic within the genus Pachycoccyx. and can easily be distinguished from other brood parasitic cuckoo species by its very thick bill, which is shaped in a rather hawklike fashion.
The Thick-billed Cuckoo is found in humid to subhumid woodlands and gallery forests from Guinea in the northwest to Mozambique in the southeast, though it is absent from large areas of the Congo Basin. It formerly occurred in the rainforests of northeastern Madagascar, but has not been reported from that island since 1922. In its southernmost regions the Thick-billed Cuckoo is partially migratory, spending the southern dry season in East Africa.
It is a typical cuckoo in terms of behaviour, feeding on hairy caterpillars, but also having a strong preference for grasshoppers and praying mantises. The thick-billed cuckoo is a specialised brood parasite of helmetshrikes, being known to almost exclusive parasitise three species in the Red-billed and Chestnut-fronted Helmetshrike in its eastern range and the Chestnut-bellied Helmetshrike in West Africa. In the case of the well-studied red-billed helmetshrike, the Thick-billed Cuckoo has caused probably the most dramatic reduction in nesting success by any brood parasitic bird, with one group of helmetshrikes unable to rear any of their own nestlings for five years and ten breeding attempts, with overall between 35 and 55 percent of nests parasitised. It is almost certain the extinct Malagasy subspecies parasitised vangas, which are related to the helmetshrikes. This species’ parasitism of the helmetshrikes may complement the similarly sized Black Cuckoo which exclusively parasitises bush shrikes.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Pachycoccyx audeberti". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Mary Katherine Rowan (1983). "Genus Pachycoccyx Cabvanis, 1882". The Doves, Parrots, Louries, and Cuckoos of Southern Africa. Taylor & Francis. pp. 290–297. ISBN 978-0-908396-66-5.
- Johnsgard, Paul A.; The Avian Brood Parasites: Deception at the Nest; pp. 159-161 ISBN 0195110420
- Langrand, Olivier; Guide to the Birds of Madagascar; pp. 212-213. ISBN 0300043104
- Newman, Kenneth; Newman’s Birds of Southern Africa; p. 232. ISBN 1868727351
- MacLean, Gordon; Roberts’ Birds of Southern Africa (Sixth Edition); p. 330 ISBN 9780620175838