Thick as a Brick

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Thick as a Brick
Studio album by Jethro Tull
Released 10 March 1972
Recorded December 1971 at Morgan Studios, London
Genre Progressive rock, art rock, hard rock,[1] folk rock
Length 43:46
Label Chrysalis, Reprise
Producer Ian Anderson
Jethro Tull chronology
Aqualung
(1971)
Thick as a Brick
(1972)
Living in the Past
(1972)
Alternative cover
The cover of the 1997 25th anniversary re-release. Note the vertically elongated front page image and the completely different leftmost panel.
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 4.5/5 stars[2]
Robert Christgau C−[3]
Rolling Stone 5/5 stars[4]

Thick as a Brick is the fifth studio album by the English band Jethro Tull, released in 1972. The album is notable for only including one song, which spans the entire album. Thick as a Brick was deliberately crafted in the style of a concept album (and as a "bombastic" and "over the top" parody). The original packaging, designed like a newspaper, claims the album to be a musical adaptation of an epic poem by a (fictional) 8-year-old boy, though the lyrics were actually written by the band's frontman, Ian Anderson. The album was a commercial success and topped the US charts.[5]

Background[edit]

Thick as a Brick was considered by some to be Jethro Tull's first progressive rock offering,[6] coming four years after the release of their first album (1968). The epic album is notable for its many musical themes, time signature changes and tempo shifts — all of which were features of the progressive rock scene. In addition, the instrumentation includes harpsichord, xylophone, timpani, violin, lute, trumpet, saxophone, and a string section—all uncommon in the band's earlier blues-inspired rock.[7]

Band frontman Ian Anderson was surprised by the critical reaction to their previous album, Aqualung (1971), as a "concept album", a label he firmly rejects to this day. In an interview on In the Studio with Redbeard (which spotlighted Thick as a Brick), Anderson's response was to "come up with something that really is the mother of all concept albums".[8] Taking Monty Python as an influence, he began to write a piece that would combine complex music with a sense of humour, with the idea it would poke light-hearted fun at the band, the audience, and the music critics.[8] Anderson has also stated that "the album was a spoof to the albums of Yes and Emerson, Lake & Palmer, much like what the movie Airplane! had been to Airport"[9] and later stated that is was a "bit of a satire about the whole concept of grand rock-based concept albums."[10] Although Anderson wrote all the music and lyrics, he decided to co-credit the writing to a fictional schoolboy named Gerald Bostock. The humour was subtle enough that some fans believed that Bostock was real.[8] Reviewing the 40th anniversary reissue, Noel Murray suggested that many listeners of the original album "missed the joke".[11]

Recording[edit]

The group ran through two weeks of rehearsals using the Rolling Stones' basement studio in Bermondsey.[12] Anderson had not finished writing the suite, so he got up early each morning to prepare material for the rest of the band to learn that day.[13] Recording started in December 1971 at Morgan Studios in London.[12] Unlike previous albums, where Anderson had generally written songs in advance, only the initial section of the album had been worked out when the band went to record it. The remainder of the suite was pieced together in the studio.[14] Anderson recalls the album took a week to record,[15] while guitarist Martin Barre remembers the whole band coming up with various ideas for the music,[10] and that some parts were recorded in a single take.[16]

The album reached the top 5 in the UK charts, and number one in the US.[17][5]

Cover art and packaging[edit]

The original LP cover, which opens up as a 12-page newspaper.

The original LP cover was designed as a spoof of a 12x16-inch (305x406 mm) multiple-paged small-town English newspaper, entitled The St. Cleve Chronicle and Linwell Advertiser, with articles, competitions and adverts lampooning the typical parochial and amateurish journalism of local English newspapers.[18] The record company, Chrysalis Records complained that the sleeve would be too expensive to produce, but Anderson countered that if a real newspaper could be produced, so could a spoof one.[15]

Jethro Tull's official website states about the mock-newspaper: "There are a lot of inside puns, cleverly hidden continuing jokes (such as the experimental non-rabbit), a surprisingly frank review of the album itself [written by Anderson under a pseudonym], a little naughty connect-the-dots children's activity, and a naughty view of Milton's "chum" Julia as well."[19] The "newspaper", dated 7 January 1972, also includes the entire lyrics to "Thick as a Brick" (printed on page 7), which is presented as a poem written by Bostock,[7] whose disqualification from a poetry contest is the focus of the front page story. This article claims that although Bostock initially won the contest with "Thick as a Brick", the judges' decision was repealed after a multitude of protests and threats concerning the offensive nature of the poem, furthered by allegations of the boy's psychological instability.[20]

The contents of the newspaper were written mostly by Anderson, bassist Jeffrey Hammond and keyboardist John Evan, while its layout was designed by Chrysalis' Roy Eldridge, who had previously worked as a journalist. Anderson recalls that the cover took longer to produce than the music.[15]

The satirical newspaper was heavily abridged for conventional CD booklets, but the 25th Anniversary Special Edition CD cover is much closer to the original, and the 40th anniversary boxed version contains a nearly-complete replica of the original newspaper, missing only an article spoofing former U.S. Tull distributor Reprise Records.[citation needed]

Live performances[edit]

Following the release of the album, the band set out on tour, playing the entire album with some extra additions that took the performance from 40 minutes to over an hour to perform.[21] Barre recalls the first live performances being "a terrible experience"[15] as there was a lot of complex music with a variety of time signature changes to remember.[21] During the show, the entire band stopped in mid performance when a telephone rang on stage, which Anderson would answer, before carrying on with the music. Evan read the news and weather reports halfway through the show. The humour caused problems when touring Japan, whose audience responded with bewilderment.[21]

Anderson performed the entire album live on tour in 2012, the first complete performances since 1972.[22]

Track listing[edit]

All lyrics written by "Gerald Bostock" (Ian Anderson), all music composed by Ian Anderson.

Side one
No. Title Length
1. "Thick as a Brick, Part I"   22:40
Side two
No. Title Length
2. "Thick as a Brick, Part II"   21:06

Differences among various CD releases[edit]

By 2012 the album received four major releases on CD: the first release (1985),[23] the MFSL-release (1989),[23] the 25th Anniversary Edition (1997), and the 40th Anniversary Edition (2012). Whereas the first release and the MFSL-release run with identical speed, the 25th Anniversary edition runs 0.5% slower[citation needed]. The 1997 edition also has increased loudness (see Loudness war) and does not feature Ian Anderson whispering "Yeah" after the coda of Part II.

The 40th Anniversary Edition was released in November 2012, and includes a CD, a DVD, and a book. The CD contains a new mix of the album. The DVD contains a 5.1 surround sound mix (in DTS and Dolby Digital), the new stereo mix in high resolution, and the original stereo mix in high resolution. The first pressing of the DVD/CD box contained a faulty DVD with significant audio errors. A corrected replacement edition was issued later, with only a horizontal line beneath the "album duration" note on the disc label to identify it. The album was also rereleased on vinyl at the same time.[24] This edition lists part one at 22:45 and part two at 21:07.

The website for the 40th anniversary edition lists these digital parts:

  1. Really Don't Mind / See There a Son Is Born
  2. The Poet and the Painter
  3. What Do You Do When the Old Man's Gone? / From the Upper Class
  4. You Curl Your Toes in Fun / Childhood Heroes / Stabs Instrumental
  5. See There a Man Is Born / Clear White Circles
  6. Legends and Believe in the Day
  7. Tales of Your Life
  8. Childhood Heroes Reprise.[25]

Ian Anderson split it up into these parts to be sold individually on iTunes and Amazon. "Some artists choose not to do that - famously Pink Floyd - and don't want to have their music unbundled to offer it in song length pieces," he said. "But I accept that that's the musical appetite of most folks these days. They don't really have the time or the concentration to listen to a whole album in one go. They want it in manageable pieces."[18]

In pop culture[edit]

The song itself has been played on many classic rock radio stations across the globe. Most opt to play the single edit, clocking in at approximately three minutes. However, some prefer the longer 7-minute version, which contains the Side One main theme, "Come On Ye Childhood Heroes", and the closing theme from Side Two.

In 1983, Chrisye released a cassette called Resesi (Recession), which had a cover inspired by the album. The album was re-released on CD in 2004.

At the end of the The Simpsons episode "Girls Just Want to Have Sums", Martin Prince sings "Thick as a Brick" until Lisa Simpson hits him with a folding chair to shut him up. The actual song plays over the closing credits.[18]

Car maker Hyundai used the song in one of their commercials in the 2001. Ian Anderson recorded a new version specifically for the commercial to avoid having another artist do it, like what often happens in commercials. He doesn't drive a Hyundai, calling himself a "professional passenger."[18]

The 2012 follow-up: Thick as a Brick 2: Whatever Happened to Gerald Bostock?[edit]

On 1 February 2012 Ian Anderson announced via the official Jethro Tull website that there was to be a follow-up album, TAAB2: Whatever Happened to Gerald Bostock?. According to the Jethro Tull website, the sequel is "a full length Progressive Rock 'concept' album worthy of its predecessor. Boy to man and beyond, it looks at what might have befallen the child poet Gerald Bostock in later life. Or, perhaps, any of us."

TAAB2 was released on 2 April 2012. It describes five different scenarios of Gerald Bostock's life, where he potentially becomes a greedy investment banker, a homeless homosexual man, a soldier in the Afghan War, a sanctimonious evangelist preacher, and a most ordinary man who runs a corner store and is married and childless. The original Thick as a Brick (1972) consists of only two long tracks comprising a single song, while TAAB2 lists 17 separate songs merged into 13 distinct tracks (some labelled as medleys), although also all flowing together much like a single song. To follow the style of the mock newspaper on the original Thick as a Brick (1972), a mock online newspaper was set up, simply titled StCleve.

Chart positions of the original 1972 album[edit]

Year Chart Position
1972 Billboard 200 1
Australian Kent Music Report Albums Chart

Personnel[edit]

Additional personnel

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.allmusic.com/album/r174955 link
  2. ^ http://www.allmusic.com/album/r174955
  3. ^ Robert Christgau: CG: jethro tull
  4. ^ Jethro Tull Press: Rolling Stone, 22 June 1972
  5. ^ a b Nollen 2002, p. 81.
  6. ^ Smith, Bradley (2007). The Billboard guide to progressive music. Billboard Books. p. 114. ISBN 9780823076659. 
  7. ^ a b c Anderson 1972, p. 7.
  8. ^ a b c Rees 1998, p. 48.
  9. ^ "7/10: Ian Anderson of Jethro Tull at Symphony Hall". 7 July 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  10. ^ a b Nollen 2002, p. 83.
  11. ^ Murray, Noel (28 November 2012). "Thick As A Brick and the pleasures of the very, very, very long song". AV Club. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  12. ^ a b Nollen 2002, p. 82.
  13. ^ Rees 1998, pp. 48-49.
  14. ^ Morse, Tim. "Classic Tracks : Jethro Tull's Thick as a Brick". Mix 72: 176. 
  15. ^ a b c d Rees 1998, p. 49.
  16. ^ Nollen 2002, p. 84.
  17. ^ Rees 1998, p. 51.
  18. ^ a b c d "Thick As A Brick by Jethro Tull Songfacts". Retrieved 5 February 2014. 
  19. ^ "Thick as a Brick". The Official Jethro Tull Website. 
  20. ^ Anderson 1971, p. 1.
  21. ^ a b c Rees 1998, p. 50.
  22. ^ ""Thick as a Brick" Played in Special 2012 Tour". 
  23. ^ a b Core albums 1968 - 1977
  24. ^ Official website
  25. ^ 40th Anniversary website, track listing
Books
  • Nollen, Scott Allen (2002). Jethro Tull: A History of the Band, 1968-2001. McFarland. ISBN 9780786411016. 
  • Anderson, Ian (1972). Thick as a Brick (Media notes). Jethro Tull. Chrysalis Records. CHR 1003. 
  • Rees, David (1998). Minstrels in the Gallery: A history of Jethro Tull. Firefly. ISBN 0-946719-22-5. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
First Take by Roberta Flack
Billboard 200 number-one album
3–16 June 1972
Succeeded by
Exile on Main St. by The Rolling Stones
Preceded by
Machine Head by Deep Purple
Australian Kent Music Report number-one album
10 July – 24 September 1972
Succeeded by
Slade Alive! by Slade