Thiepval barracks bombing

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Thiepval barracks bombing
Part of The Troubles
Thiepval barracks bombing is located in Northern Ireland
Thiepval barracks bombing
Location Lisburn, Northern Ireland
Coordinates 54°31′31.15″N 6°02′52.96″W / 54.5253194°N 6.0480444°W / 54.5253194; -6.0480444Coordinates: 54°31′31.15″N 6°02′52.96″W / 54.5253194°N 6.0480444°W / 54.5253194; -6.0480444
Date 7 October 1996
15:35 (UTC)
Target British Army headquarters in Northern Ireland
Attack type
Bombing
Weapons 2 car bombs
Deaths 1 soldier
Non-fatal injuries
21 soldiers, 10 civilians
Perpetrator Provisional IRA

The Thiepval Barracks bombing was a double car bomb attack carried out by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) on 7 October 1996. The bombs exploded inside Thiepval Barracks, the British Army headquarters in Northern Ireland. One British soldier was killed and 31 people were injured. This bombing was the first major attack on a military base in Northern Ireland since the ending of the IRA's ceasefire on 9 February 1996, when it exploded a large bomb in London's Docklands.

Background[edit]

The Provisional IRA ended its 1994 ceasefire on 9 February 1996, when a massive car bomb went off in the London Docklands area, resulting in two deaths and causing huge damage, especially around the South Quay railway station.[1] The IRA strategy was to pressure the British government by bombing England, but without rejecting the peace process[2] and without returning to full-scale operations. At first, there were no prospects of resuming the campaign in Northern Ireland, to defuse potential all-out sectarian violence.[3] However, a series of successful police raids in England lead a decision by the IRA to restart its operations in Northern Ireland.[4]

Barracks bombing[edit]

On 7 October 1996, two Provisional IRA operatives gained access to the base using forged passes.[5] They drove two 800 pounds (360 kg)[6] car bombs several hundred yards into the military compound at Lisburn, which housed the British Army headquarters in Northern Ireland.[7] The first car bomb detonated near a travel arrangement center, injuring many people. When the wounded were moved to the military hospital, the second car bomb detonated there, catching the victims of the first blast as well as the medical staff helping them. The hospital was reduced to rubble.[8] There was a lapse of 12 minutes between the first and the second blast.[9] There were 31 injured, four of them seriously. A British soldier, Warrant Officer James Bradwell, died four days later of multiple wounds.[10] He was the first soldier to be killed in Northern Ireland since 1994.[11]

The attack coincided with the beginning of the Conservative Party conference in Bournemouth and a meeting between loyalist prisoners and members of the Progressive Unionist Party (PUP) in the Maze prison.[10] The IRA claimed responsibility on 8 October, in a telephone call to RTÉ news in Dublin.[6] The IRA statement said the target had been barracks personnel and said injuries to civilians were regretted.[6] According to one source, the main security failure that allowed the IRA to penetrate the base was the external security checkpoints and cameras.[12] At first, the RUC's main suspect was a man in his 40s "with a black beard, dark hair and blackrimmed glasses", although investigators thought it was a disguise.[13] A north Belfast man was eventually charged for the bombing on 1 November 1996.[14]

Aftermath[edit]

Sinn Féin leader Gerry Adams was reluctant to confirm whether or not the IRA was involved, and vowed for talks with the British government and the unionist parties. He warned however that "There has been a protracted political vacuum here. If we don't fill that vacuum with real talks then it will be filled with the sort of serious incidents we saw yesterday".

John Bruton, then Taioseach of the Republic of Ireland, called the bombing a "cynical betrayal of the peace process" by the IRA,[13] while PUP leader David Ervine appealed to loyalists not to seek retaliation for the bombing.[6] John Major, the British prime minister, made clear that "the IRA would not bomb its way into the Stormont talks".[10]

The attack was seen as a confirmation that the IRA had given up any hope of achieving a political breakthrough until the next British general elections in 1997.[6]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Tumposky, Ellen (10 February 1996). "Blast shatters London, Adams Presumes IRA's Responsible". Daily News. Retrieved 29 January 2008. 
  2. ^ Bartlett, Thomas (2010) Ireland: A History. Cambridge University Press, p. 565. ISBN 0-521-19720-1
  3. ^ Rowan Smith, Michael Lawrence (1997). Fighting for Ireland?: the military strategy of the Irish Republican movement. Routledge, Preface, vi. ISBN 0-415-16334-X
  4. ^ McGladdery, Gary (2006). The Provisional IRA in England: the bombing campaign, 1973–1997. Irish Academic Press, p. 206. ISBN 0-7165-3373-1
  5. ^ 'Bomb attack' on base by Maurice Fitzmaurice. The Mirror, 6 January 2001
  6. ^ a b c d e IRA take blame for Lisburn blast The Independent, 9 October 1996
  7. ^ Laffin, John (1997).The world in conflict. Brassey's, p. 163. ISBN 1-85753-216-3
  8. ^ Harmon, Christopher (2008). Terrorism today. Routledge, p. 104. ISBN 0-415-77300-8
  9. ^ Roy, Michael (2004). Physician's guide to terrorist attack. Humana Press, p. 7. ISBN 1-58829-207-X
  10. ^ a b c CAIN – Chronology of the conflict – October 1996
  11. ^ Brit dies from IRA bomb Associated Press, 12 October 1996
  12. ^ Bangash & Bangash (2006). Explosion-resistant buildings: design, analysis, and case studies. Springer, pp. 12–13. ISBN 3-540-20618-3
  13. ^ a b Police call IRA bombing deliberate attempt at mass murder CNN, 9 October 1996
  14. ^ Man charged over Lisburn Army bomb The Independent, 2 November 1996