||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2011)|
|Minister of the Economy, Finance and Industry|
25 February 2005 – 18 May 2007
|Prime Minister||Dominique de Villepin|
|Preceded by||Hervé Gaymard|
|Succeeded by||Jean-Louis Borloo|
15 January 1955 |
|Political party||RR (1981–2002)
Thierry Breton (born 15 January 1955 in Paris) is a French businessman, a former Professor at Harvard Business School, and a former finance minister of France. He has been Vice Chairman and CEO of Groupe Bull, Chairman and CEO of Thomson-RCA (1997–2002), Chairman and CEO of France Télécom (2002–2005). Today an Honorary Chairman of both Thomson and France Telecom, he is, since 2008, Chairman and CEO of Atos, one of the leading IT firms worldwide, with 75,000 employees in 42 countries. He was from 2005 to 2007 the French Minister of Economy, Finance and Industry in the governments of Prime Ministers Jean-Pierre Raffarin and Dominique de Villepin, Jacques Chirac being the President de la Republique.
He was born in the XIVe arrondissement of Paris. He has three children: Constance (1984), Alexandre (1985) and Severine (1988). He received a Masters degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from Supélec and later graduated from the Institut des hautes études de défense nationale (IHEDN).
He began his career as an entrepreneur in New York where he created a software company (FORMA SYSTEMS).
In January 2010, the Harvard Business Review after in depth evaluation of the performances of 2000 global CEOs between 1995 and 2009, published for the first time the list of The 100 Best-performing CEOs in the World in which Thierry Breton is ranked at the 62nd position (Harvard Business Review, January 2010).
He served as director in many boards such as: AXA; La Poste; DEXIA BANQUE; RODHIA; SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC; THOMSON SA (Chairman& CEO); FRANCE TELECOM (Chairman & CEO); ORANGE PLC (Non executive Chairman); BOUYGUES TELECOM; GROUP HONEYWELL BULL (Vice Chairman & CEO).
He seats today at the board of directors of CARREFOUR where he chairs the of the Compensation and Benefits Committee.
His career includes CEO positions at Group Honeywell Bull, Thomson, France Telecom, Atos :
In 1993 he joined the IT company Bull as head of strategy and development then became Group CEO and Vice Chairman.
He was the Chairman and CEO of Thomson between 1997 and 2002. Turning around the company, he obtained worldwide recognition for achieving significant improvement in the group's financial performance within a short term. The market capitalisation of the company rose from 1FF up to 100 billions FF over his term.. By decision of the board of directors, he has been awarded the title of Honorary Chairman of Thomson in 2002.
He was the chairman and chief executive officer of France Télécom (2002–2005) and turned around vigorously the situation, while diminishing the huge indebtedness of the company from 70 billions down to 32 billions Euros under his mandate.. By decision of the board of directors, he has been awarded the title of Honorary Chairman of France Telecom in 2005.
Since 16 November 2008, he is the active chairman and CEO of Atos S.A., formerly Atos Origin. After the acquisition of the IT services activities of Siemens the company ranked number one among the European IT services players and in the Top 5 worldwide, with 75 000 employees in 42 countries.
He gets World attention after an interview with the Wall Street Journal (28 November 2011) when he reiterated his intention to ban internal Email, dubbed as "the pollution of the information age", at Atos within 18 months (known as the Zero-Email™ Strategy), replacing internal emails by a set of Enterprise Social Networks, Enterprise Instant Messaging, Collaborative tools etc..., both being developed inhouse and partially aggregated from other vendors.
Minister of Finance
He was appointed on 24 February 2005, replacing Hervé Gaymard, until 18 May 2007, replaced by Jean-Louis Borloo. He focused its public policy on the need to reduce public deficit at a time where the entire country income tax collection was used to serve the debt interests. When he joined the government the level of debt of France was 66,4% of GDP. In two years he reduced the public debt by 2.7% versus GDP, the most important decrease ever seen in the recent French economic history. In addition, he restored a surplus (excluding payment of public debt interest) for the French budget.
After leaving the government, he has been a Professor at Harvard Business School (2007–2008) where he taught Leadership and Corporate Accountability (LCA).
He has been also the Chairman of the University of Technology of Troyes in France from 1997 to 2005.
He is the author of many books about information technology and economy, and co-author of a novel about cyberspace.
- 1984 : Softwar, The Emergence of Computer Virus as a weapon of mass destruction (La Guerre douce), Thierry Breton - Denis Beneich, éd. Robert Laffont, Paris ; (translated in 25 countries).
- 1985 : Vatican III, The emergence of a Word made of information based Communities , Thierry Breton, éd. Robert Laffont, Paris
- 1987 : Netwar, The Networks War (La guerre des réseaux), Thierry Breton, éd. Robert Laffont, Paris
- 1991 : La Dimension invisible, The Emergence of Information Society (Le défi du temps et de l'information),Thierry Breton, éd. Odile Jacob, Paris
- 1992 : La Fin des illusions,The end of the Geek Age, Thierry Breton, Plon, Paris.
- 1993 : Le Télétravail en France, An early description of Teleworking in France, Thierry Breton, La Documentation française, Paris.
- 1994 : Le Lièvre et la Tortue, France and The Knowledge Revolution, Thierry Breton - Christian Blanc, éd. Plon, Paris.
- 1994 : Les Téléservices en France, An early description of the internet word, Thierry Breton, La Documentation française, Paris.
- 2007 : Antidette, How to reduce the over spending and major indebtness of France, Thierry Breton, Plon, Paris.
Decorations and Awards
He is an officer of the prestigious Légion d'honneur and a commander of the Ordre National du Mérite. He is also a member of Le Siècle. He has been internationally recognised and awarded by many counties :
- 2010 : Commander in the Order of Ouissam Alaouite, Morocco.
- 2008 : Officer in the national Order of Légion d'honneur, France.
- 2006 : Grand Cross in the Order of Merit (Al Merito de Chile), Chile.
- 2006 : Grand officer in the national Order of the Southern Cross (Ordem Nacional do Cruzeiro do Sul), Brazil.
- 2006 : Commander in the Order of Civil Merit (orden del Merito Civil), Spain.
- 2004 : Commander in the National Order of Merit (France) (ordre national du Mérite), France.
- 2001 : Honorary Citizen of the City of Foshan, Guangdong Province, People Republic of China.
- 2012 : Strategist of the Year 2012, Paris, France.
- 2004 : European Business Leader of the Year, London, UK.
- 2003 : Financier of the Year, ANDESE (National Association of PHDs in Economics and Business Administration), Paris, France.
- 2000 : Strategist of the Year 2000, Paris, France.
- 1998 : Global leader of tomorrow, World Economic Forum, Davos, Switzerland.
- 1988 : The outstanding young person of the world (TOYP), Jaycees, Sydney, Australia.
- 1988 : Man of the Year, Young Economical Chambers(Jeunes chambres économiques françaises), Paris, France.
- Chassany, Anne-Sylvaine (17 November 2008). "Atos Origin Board Fires Chief Germond, Hires Breton". Bloomberg. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
- Colchester, Max; Amiel, Geraldine (28 November 2011). "The IT Boss Who Shuns Email". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 5 December 2011.
- Thierry Breton, Atos Origin : 2,8 millions € en 2012, Journal du Net, 25 juin 2013
- de Beaupuy, Francois; Vandore, Emma (25 February 2005). "Chirac Names France Telecom's Breton as New Finance Minister". Bloomberg. Retrieved 29 February 2012.
- Frédéric Saliba, 'Le pouvoir à la table du Siècle', in Stratégies, issue 1365, April 14, 2005, p. 49 
|Minister of the Economy, Finance and Industry