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Mugler was born in Strasbourg, France on 21 December 1948. His passion led him to focus more on drawing than on school and at the age of 9, he began to study classical dance. By 14, he joined the ballet corps for the Rhin Opera (Opéra national du Rhin).
Early career 
At the age of 24, Mugler decided to travel the world and left Strasbourg to go live in Paris. He began designing clothes for a small, trendy Parisian boutique by the name of "Gudule". At 26, Mugler, who was working as a freelance designer, began to work for a variety of large ready-to-wear fashion houses in Paris, Milan, London and Barcelona.
In 1973 Mugler created his first personal collection called "Café de Paris". The style of the collection was both sophisticated and urban. Melka Tréanton, a powerful fashion editor, helped launched his career. In 1976, she asked him to show his work in Tokyo, for an event organized by Shiseido. In 1978 he opened his first Paris boutique at the place des Victoires (in the 1st arrondissement). At the same time, Thierry Mugler launched a fashion collection for men. For this collection, he reworked classical masculinity giving it a definitively modern style. A clean, precise, structured cut which outlined a highly-recognizable silhouette: prominent shoulders, both "anatomical and classic", for a dynamic and slender look.
During the 1980s and 1990s Thierry Mugler had become an internationally recognized designer and his collections garnered much commercial success. At the request of the Chambre Syndicale de la Haute Couture, he completed his first haute couture collection in 1992.
He also created the famous black dress worn by Demi Moore in the 1993 movie, Indecent Proposal.
His clothes are identified by their style and their structure.
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Directing, photography and design 
Mugler published his first photography book in 1988, "Thierry Mugler, Photographe": filled with Mugler’s taste for travel and adventure. This first book was followed by a monograph in 1999 entitled, “Fashion Fetish Fantasy” which assembles photos of his creations. All the designs are worn by Thierry Mugler’s model and celebrity friends in the book.
Mugler also directs short films, advertising films and video clips. He regularly designs costumes for musical comedies, concerts, operas and the theatre (including Macbeth for the Comédie Française). He has worked with such artists as Robert Altman and George Michael (he directed the video for Michael's "Too Funky" in 1992). He also directed the first advertising film for one of his fragrances, Alien.
He collaborated with the Cirque du Soleil in 2002, a group which performs all over the world. He directed "Extravaganza", one of the scenes of Zumanity, but also created all the costumes and the identity of the characters in the show, which ran for several years at the New York Hotel in Las Vegas
In 2009, Thierry Mugler worked as artistic advisor to singer Beyoncé. He created the costumes for her "I Am... World Tour" and gave his artistic vision to the staging, lighting, the decorations and the choreography.
Thierry Mugler’s first perfume appeared in 1992 and was called Angel. "Angel" opened a new olfactory trend with its combination of praline and chocolate-derived sweetness mixed with a strong accent of patchouli. Angel was the first oriental gourmand perfume and comes in an unprecedented color for a women’s fragrance: blue.
The Angel bottle, a complicated design in the shape of a faceted star, was created by the Brosse Master Glassmakers. Today, more than thirteen engraved and numbered Limited Edition stars have been successively created for several holiday seasons. Other perfumes have been developed to enrich the brand's fragrance universe, including three major fragrances: A*Men, Mugler Cologne and Alien.
In 2005, Alien was created, the second major Thierry Mugler fragrance, inspired by a solar world, filled with hope, serenity and light. Also in 2005, Thierry Mugler launched the "Thierry Mugler Perfume Workshops" which are open to the general public and led by specialists of the perfumery and oenology world. The goal of these workshops is to convey the art and know-how of the industry along with the craftsmanship of making perfume.
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Other creations 
In 2006, Thierry Mugler completed a project for the launch of Tom Tykwer's film "Perfume". In collaboration with the IFF company, Thierry Mugler created a box set of fifteen compositions.
During 2007, still following the metamorphosis theme, Mugler launched Mirror, Mirror, a collection of five fragrances, created as "perfume-trickery" to "enhance one’s presence".
Finally, on 8 March 2010, Thierry Mugler launched the site womanity.com, a virtual space for expression which asks visitors to share their vision on what it means to be a woman today. The site corresponded to Womanity, the newest fragrance by the house of Mugler which was released at the same time.
In 2008, the Mugler's brand launched Thierry Mugler Beauty, a high-end line of cosmetics.
In September 2010, Nicola Formichetti was announced to be the new Creative Director of the Thierry Mugler brand. He changed the brand name to MUGLER, removing the first name, and in January 2011, he launched the brand's first menswear collection.
An April 2010 New York Times story discussed Mugler's cosmetic transformation of his face body and genitals. "[Mugler has] taken to calling himself Manfred and transformed his body...into what is apparently a 240-pound spectacle of muscle and nipple and tattoo..."
With over two years of being the creative director of MUGLER, Formichetti announced in April, 2013 that he and the fashion house will be parting ways.