Thinadhoo (Gaafu Dhaalu Atoll)

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This article is about island in the Gaafu Dhaalu. For other islands with this name, see Thinadhoo (disambiguation).
Thinadhoo
Inhabited island
GdhThinadhoo.jpg
Thinadhoo is located in Maldives
Thinadhoo
Thinadhoo
Location in Maldives
Coordinates: 00°31′22″N 73°00′00″E / 0.52278°N 73.00000°E / 0.52278; 73.00000Coordinates: 00°31′22″N 73°00′00″E / 0.52278°N 73.00000°E / 0.52278; 73.00000
Country Maldives
Administrative atoll Gaafu Dhaalu Atoll
Distance to Malé 409.2 km (254.3 mi)
Government
 • Council Thinadhoo Council
Area
 • Total 0.581 km2 (0.224 sq mi)
Dimensions
 • Length 1.125 km (0.699 mi)
 • Width 0.750 km (0.466 mi)
Population
 • Total 10,054
 • Density 17,000/km2 (45,000/sq mi)
Time zone MST (UTC+05:00)

Thinadhoo (Dhivehi: ތިނަދޫ) is the capital of Gaafu Dhaalu Atoll and the proposed capital for the Upper South Province of the Maldives. It has its own dialect of Dhivehi which is considerably different from northern and mid-Maldivian speech. Kaadedhdhoo Domestic Airport is situated on a nearby island.

Thinadhoo Genocide 1962[edit]

This island was formerly known as Havaru Thinadhoo and it was the traditional seat of the Atoll Chief. When in 1573 AD Muhammad Thakurufaanu Al Auzam captured Malé and went on a journey to South of Maldives and visited Thinadhoo to see them practicing Buddhism. Bodu Thakurufaanu convinced the people to become Muslims. Some days later a calamity befell the island as all new borns were dying, with the advice of a woman from Rahadhoo who said this would not have happened if you have lived as you lived before the people re-converted to Buddhism. On learning this, Bodu Thakurufaanu sent the Milita known as 'Havaru' which was based in Malé and composed of the following six divisions Dhoshimeynaa Varu, Velaanaa Varu, Hakuraa Varu this is the Is Thinvaru and the latter Fas Thinvaru is Maafaiy Varu, Dhaharaa Varu and Faamuladheyri Varu.

This 'Havaru' went to Thinadhoo and recaptured the island after much bloodshed. Havaru returned to Malé and for their victory Muhammad Thakurufaanu Al Auzam gave them the island of Thinadhoo, He ordered that the 'dhandu kolhu, 'medhu ruganddu' and 'Baraaseel' to be given to Havaru along with the islands of Thinadhoo Maafushi, Kaadedhdhoo and Kuddu. When 'havaru' was given these six properties they let them to the people of Thinadhoo under the Vaaru system. Each year Thinadhoo people have to send the annual Varuvaa to the 'Havaru' based in Male'. This practice lasted from then on wards to the sultanate of Muhammad Mueenuddeen I who was the sultan of the Maldives from 1798 to 1835.[1]

This practice was abolished by the orders of Prime Minister Ibrahim Nasir.

In 4 February 1962 Havaru Thinadhoo was completely destroyed on the orders of Prime Minister Ibrahim Nasir to end the separatist movement of the United Suvadive Republic. The islanders were told to go to the shallow reef, where they were forced to stand for hours in water up to their necks. Meanwhile all houses were destroyed, all wells broken and filled with rubble, all trees were cut down and much property was looted while the islanders watched. The island was then depopulated and its people dispersed. Women and children were raped in front of their families. Between 200 and 300 prisoners were taken back to Malé, where they were tortured and most killed.

The 4800 residents of Thinadhoo at the time were forced to flee to nearby islands where most were subject to maltreatment. It was said that settlers in Vadhoo had to trade gold for a handful of rice. In almost all the islands to which they dispered the numbers were declining.

Havaru Thinadhoo was resettled on 22 August 1966 by 1800 people. 440 households were rebuilt. Unofficial death count is estimated to be over 2,400. Those of the dead were anonymously buried by the Ibrahim Nasir's government without notice.

The name of this island was changed from Havaru Thinadhoo to Thinadhoo on 27 June 1979.

Huvadhoo Invasion[edit]

On 9 July 1959, the Ministry of Defense called for volunteers to accompany the Government mission to the southern atolls. The Maldivian Government vessel, the Maldive Star was prepared for the mission and a total of 700 volunteers and army personnel were chosen. Accompanying this small force were Mr. Gadhdhoo Ali Kaleyfaanu and Gadhdhoo Khatheeb Hussain Maniku, two of the leaders from Huvadhoo Atoll who had come to Male’ earlier to report on the situation in the atoll. The "Maldive Star" left Male’ on 14 July 1959, travelling first to Haddummathi, and then on to Gadhdhoo in Huvadhoo Atoll. The population of Gadhdhoo were loyal to the Maldivian Government and played a significant role in keeping the Male’ Government informed of the situation in the atoll. The leaders of this group were Ali Kaleyfaanu, Gadhdhoo Khatheeb Hussain Maniku, and Ahmed Thakurufaanu. The island of Gadhdhoo was targeted for punishment by the dissidents, possibly because they exhibited their loyalty to the Maldivian government.

When the ship arrived in Gadhdhoo harbour, hostile activities were instigated by members of a "military force" from Havaru Thinadhoo, the capital of the atoll, who had been in charge of Gadhdhoo Island since the beginning of the rebellion. These were about 200 men from Havaru Thinadhoo, calling themselves "sifain" (soldiers) who had roamed the island, looting and terrifying the islanders, consisting mainly of women and children, after most of the able bodied men had been captured and taken away. Soon afterwards, the men from Havaru Thinadhoo capitulated and were handed over to the ship by the islanders. Essential food items were off-loaded from the Maldive Star, which then left for Havaru Thinadhoo.

The population of Havaru Thinadhoo was quite hostile to the Maldivian Government. Letters were sent ashore to the leaders of the rebellion, and orders were given the islanders to submit peacefully and that no harm would come to them, but these orders had no effect. When the Maldivian force led by Mr. Ibrahim Nasir, some Government officials, Maldivian army officers and volunteers, arrived in the island harbor, there was a skirmish in which three of the islanders were injured. It was Friday, and at prayer time the Government force went back to their vessel telling the islanders to submit and come in peace after the Friday prayers. After prayers, the Maldivian force went back to the island and eventually the dissidents gave up, and the leaders of the rebellion in the atoll were brought to the "Maldive Star". The rest of the day and most of the night were spent in unloading necessary foodstuffs from the boat to the island.

The Atoll Chief Mr. N.T. Hassan Didi, who had been in Havaru Thinadhoo when the rebellion took place, had been imprisoned, beaten up, and badly mistreated by the rebels, was also brought to the vessel, where he received a very warm welcome. After picking up the leaders of the rebels, the ship left for Male’ on 18 July 1959. Fifty army personnel and one hundred civilians who had come aboard the ship from Male’ were to stay in Havaru Thinadhoo to look after matters in the atoll.

On 28 January 1962, the Prime Minister Ibrahim Nasir left Male’ for the atolls in the yacht "Silver Crest", accompanied by Mr. Ahmed Hilmy Didi, Mr. Ahmed Zaki, Mr. Muhammad Imadhudhdhin and Mr. Maizan Ibrahim Maniku. Others accompanying him were the navigator Mr. Maalimee Muhammad Maniku and the wireless operator Mr. Maizan Umar Maniku. It was assumed by people in Male’ that this was one of the regular trips the Prime Minister had been making to different atolls.

"Silver Crest" headed south and reached Feeali in North Nilande Atoll where it made its first stop. On 29 January it travelled to Maamendhoo in Hadhdhunmathi. The yacht picked up nine army officers who were at the island and set sail at 2 o’clock in the morning of 30 January, heading towards Huvadhoo Atoll. At this time those on board came to know that the yacht was carrying some sub-machine guns. The yacht reached

  • In 4 February 2009, an NGO named HAND ( Huvadhoo Association for National Development ) organized a programs to celebrated the day after 46 years. The programs held on that day were, releasing a video song which shows some videos of that day ( 04 - 02 - 1962 ), and a video report which gives many information's about how actually the Genocide was happened. This program was held at Thinadhoo Abaadhee Marukazu. And from 16:00 hrs to 18:00, a large number of people in black T-shirt had a walk around some roads of Thinadhoo. And it was the first time that the day was celebrated in past 46 years.

Enamaa Boat Incident 2004[edit]

The Maldive boat Enamaa was carrying far more than its capacity of up to 126 when a wave overturned it. Twenty one people died with two missing when Enamaa boat capsized into the sea of Gaafu Dhaalu atoll on March 17, 2004.[2]

The Enamaa boat was traveling at nine and a half nautical miles per hour to Thinadhoo Island after watching the home team play a football match in Vilingili Island in Gaafu Alifu atoll.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ N. T. Hassan Didi (2005). "Kureege Huvadhoo Atholhu". Novelty Press. 
  2. ^ Who is to take responsibility for the horrific Enamaa boat disaster? Accessed June 4, 2008. Archived February 10, 2008 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]