Thinite Confederacy

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Thinite Confederacy
Tribal confederacy
???–c. 3100 BCE
Capital Thinis
Languages Egyptian
Religion Ancient Egyptian
Political structure Confederation
Tribal chief Menes[1]
Historical era Protodynastic period
 -  Established  ???
 -  Disestablished c. 3100 BCE
 -  Unification of Egypt c. 3100 BCE

The Thinite Confederacy in Egyptology was a possible tribal confederation in Ancient Egypt that helped unite Upper Egypt circa 3100 BCE. The leaders of the Thinite Confederacy were most likely tribal nobles. Based at the city Thinis, the Thinite Confederacy would later be incorporated into the combined Kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt.

The evidence of "the Thinite Confederacy" is mostly speculative and in part relies on Manetho. Modern Egyptologists have a number of competing hypotheses to explain conjectured "proto-dynastic" events that presumably led to the unification under the First Dynasty. Many scholars today mention evidence for a "Dynasty 0" that preceded Dynasty I. The term "Dynasty 00" is also used for the period preceding Dynasty 0 in connection with the Abydos-Thinis area and may correspond to a theoretical "Thinite Confederacy".[2] The terms "Dynasty 0" and especially "Dynasty 00" are widely seen as playful, but are frequently used nonetheless in lieu of a more agreed-upon term. In archaeological terms, this is referred to as the Naqada III period.

In fiction[edit]

In the computer game Pharaoh and Cleopatra, one of the mission campaigns is to build a city to house the capital of the Thinite Confederacy.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maspero 1903: 331
  2. ^ van den Brink 1992: vi

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]