Thiocyanogen

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Thiocyanogen
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Identifiers
CAS number 505-14-6 N
PubChem 68160
ChemSpider 61468 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:30063 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C2N2S2
Molar mass 116.16 g mol−1
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

Thiocyanogen, (SCN)2, is a pseudohalogen derived from the pseudohalide thiocyanate, [SCN]. This hexatomic compound exhibits C2 point group symmetry and has the connectivity NCS-SCN.[1] The oxidation ability is greater than bromine. It reacts with water:

(SCN)2 + H2O → HSCN + HSCNO

Thiocyanogen was originally prepared by the reaction of iodine with a suspension of silver thiocyanate in diethyl ether,[2] but this reaction suffers from competing equilibria attributed to the weak oxidizing power of iodine. An improved method for generating thiocyanogen entails oxidation of plumbous thiocyanate, which precipitates when aqueous solutions of lead(II) nitrate and sodium thiocyanate are combined. A suspension of anhydrous Pb(SCN)2 is treated with bromine in glacial acetic acid to afford a 0.1M solution of thiocyanogen that is stable for days.[3] Alternatively, a solution of bromine in methylene chloride is added dropwise to a suspension of Pb(SCN)2 in methylene chloride at 0 °C followed by filtration under argon to give a solution of thiocyanogen that should be used immediately.[4]

Pb(SCN)2 + Br2 → (SCN)2 + PbBr2

Thiocyanogen adds to alkenes to give 1,2-bis(thiocyanato) compounds and reacts with titanacyclopentadienes giving (Z,Z)-1,4-bis(thiocyanato)-1,3-butadienes, which in turn can be converted to 1,2-dithiins.[4] Selenocyanogen, (SeCN)2, prepared from reaction of silver selenocyanate with iodine in tetrahydrofuran at 0 °C,[5] reacts in a similar manner to thiocyanogen.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jensen, James (2005). "Vibrational frequencies and structural determination of thiocyanogen". Journal of Molecular Structure: THEOCHEM 714 (2–3): 137–141. doi:10.1016/j.theochem.2004.09.046. 
  2. ^ Söderbäck, Erik (1919). "Studien über das freie Rhodan". Justus Liebig's Annalen der Chemie 419 (3): 217–322. doi:10.1002/jlac.19194190302. 
  3. ^ Gardner, William Howlett; Weinberger, Harold (1939). Thiocyanogen Solution. "Inorganic Syntheses". Inorganic Syntheses. Inorganic Syntheses 1: 84–86. doi:10.1002/9780470132326.ch29. ISBN 978-0-470-13232-6. 
  4. ^ a b c Block, E; Birringer, M; DeOrazio, R; Fabian, J; Glass, RS; Guo, C; He, C; Lorance, E; Qian, Q; Schroeder, TB; Shan, Z; Thiruvazhi, M; Wilson, GC; Zhang, Z (2000). "Synthesis, Properties, Oxidation, and Electrochemistry of 1,2-Dichalcogenins". J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 122: 5052–5064. doi:10.1021/ja994134s. 
  5. ^ Meinke, PT; Krafft, GA; Guram, A (1988). "Synthesis of selenocyanates via cyanoselenation of organocopper reagents". J. Org. Chem. 53: 3632–3634. doi:10.1021/jo00250a047.