Third (Portishead album)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Third
A dark turquoise background with "P" and "3" overlaid on top of one another in lighter white
Studio album by Portishead
Released 27 April 2008 (2008-04-27)
Recorded 2005–2008
Genre Electronica, experimental rock, art rock, alternative rock
Length 49:17
Language English
Label Island
Producer Portishead
Portishead chronology
Portishead
(1997)
Third
(2008)
Singles from Third
  1. "Machine Gun"
    Released: 18 March 2008 (2008-03-18)
  2. "The Rip"
    Released: 9 June 2008 (2008-06-09)
  3. "Magic Doors"
    Released: 24 November 2008 (2008-11-24)

Third is the third studio album by English band Portishead. It was released on 27 April 2008 on Island Records in the United Kingdom, 29 April on Mercury Records in the United States and 30 April on Universal Music Japan in Japan. Third was Portishead's first studio album in 11 years and moved away from their earlier trip hop style, using instruments including analog synthesisers, the ukulele and electronic organs. It received critical acclaim and was listed as one of the best albums of 2008 by several publications.

Recording[edit]

Portishead self-produced Third in their Bristol studios. Many of the album's songs existed for years as sketches, with the members exchanging recordings and adding ideas.[1]

Wanting to move away from the "trademark" trip hop sound of their first two albums, Portishead avoided using instruments they had used before; drummer Geoff Barrow said "the basic thing was to sound like ourselves, not to repeat ourselves."[2] The band experimented with swapping roles; Barrow played bass, and singer Beth Gibbons played guitar on "Threads". Guitarist and keyboardist Adrian Utley said Portishead were "looking for limited frequency in instruments ... limited playing, too. I pursued virtuosity for many years, learning scales and harmony, and being able to improvise through scales and chords, but technique isn't important for me any more."[1]

For the first track, "Silence", Barrow initially sampled a record that had a spoken-word Portuguese introduction. Inspired by a Wiccan theory about the number three, the band wrote a "manifesto", had it translated into Portuguese, then recreated the sample with the new words to introduce the album. To create a "deliberately harsh" effect, the band did not synchronise the guitar's delay effect with the song's tempo, creating asynchronous echoes.[1]

Portishead used analogue synthesisers including the ARP 2600.

Portishead used several analogue synthesisers, including a Korg MS-20, ARP 2600, Siel Orchestra, VCS 3, and also used a clavioline, an electronic keyboard that predates the synthesiser. The Siel Orchestra's sequencer was not sophisticated enough to play the arpeggios in "The Rip", so the band recorded the notes individually and edited them into an arpeggio pattern. For the song's first half, Utley played a toy acoustic guitar he found in a junk shop.[1]

"Deep Water", played on ukulele, was inspired by Steve Martin's performance of "Tonight You Belong to Me" in the 1979 film The Jerk. Utley was initially unimpressed with the song, saying: "I couldn't get with it at all, didn't like it. Geoff said he wanted to put these backing vocals on it, and I said I was having nothing to do with it. We didn't argue, I just conceded on that."[1]

To create the rhythm in "Machine Gun", Portishead sampled the drum machine in an old electronic organ. The song's synthesiser outro was inspired by the film soundtracks of John Carpenter.[1] For "Magic Doors", the band added hurdy gurdy, and saxophone played by Will Gregory of Goldfrapp. According to Utley, "we made him be a free jazz player that day ... we told him just to go fucking mad, to freak the fuck out. He had to move out of the room, so we couldn't see him, so he'd feel less inhibited."[1]

Release and promotion[edit]

Third was released on 27 April 2008 on Island Records in the United Kingdom,[3] 29 April Mercury Records in the United States,[citation needed] and 30 April on Universal Music Japan in Japan.[citation needed] It entered the UK Albums Chart at #2[4] and the US Billboard 200 at #7,[5] becoming Portishead's first US top 10 record.

On 8 and 9 December 2007, Portishead curated the All Tomorrow's Parties festival in Minehead, England, and performed their first full sets in nearly 10 years, including tracks from Third.[6] On 21 January 2008, Portishead announced a European tour to support the album,[7] with a headline spot at the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival on 26 April 2008,[8] their only US date on the tour.

On 21 April 2008, a week before its release, Third was made available as a free stream on Last.fm, attracting 327,000 listeners in 24 hours. It was the first time Last.fm had made an album available before its release.[9]

Reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Aggregate scores
Source Rating
Metacritic (85/100)[10]
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 4.5/5 stars[11]
The A.V Club (A-)[12]
Drowned in Sound (8/10)[13]
Entertainment Weekly (B+)[14]
The Guardian 5/5 stars[15]
Mojo 4/5 stars[16]
NME (9/10)[17]
Pitchfork Media (8.8/10)[18]
PopMatters 9/10 stars[19]
Rolling Stone 3.5/5 stars[20]
Slant Magazine 4.5/5 stars[21]
Uncut 5/5 stars[22]

At Metacritic, which assigns a weighted average score out of 100 to reviews and ratings from mainstream critics, Third has a metascore of 85 based on 38 reviews, indicating "universal acclaim."[10]

In his review for AllMusic, Stephen Thomas Erlewine said Third was "genuinely, startlingly original" and "utterly riveting and endlessly absorbing".[11] The A.V. Club '​s Michaelangelo Matos wrote that "nearly every track provides some little sonic goodie midway through as a reward for continued attention after all these years. For once, it's worth the effort."[12] Reviewing Third for Drowned in Sound, Nick Southall wrote that "several individual songs drift by almost unnoticed at first, contributing little more than a sense of unease to the collective memory of the album; an impression of oppression. Those numbers that do stand out, though, drag the record close to magnificence."[13] Guardian reviewer Jude Rogers found that the album "is initially more a record to admire than to love ... But after several listens, Third '​s majesty unfurls."[15]

The NME wrote that Third was "adventurous, sometimes dauntingly so – but seldom anything less than compelling" and declared it "Portishead's best album yet."[17] Alan Ranta of PopMatters wrote that "history will eventually see it rank on par with the rest of [Portishead's] legendary works".[19] Pitchfork Media's Nate Patrin awarded the album the website's "best new music" accolade, writing that it was "a staggering transformation and a return to form that was never lost, an ideal adaptation by a group that many people didn't know they needed to hear again."[18] Rolling Stone magazine's Rob Sheffield found Third to be "an unexpected yet totally impressive return",[20] and Mike Bruno of Entertainment Weekly said it was a "less immediately accessible effort than Portishead's more groove-oriented earlier work, but it's no less gorgeous."[14]

Third was named the best album of 2008 by PopMatters,[23] second best by Pitchfork,[24] ninth by the Guardian,[25] and 25th by the NME.[26]

Track listing[edit]

All songs written and composed by Geoff Barrow, Beth Gibbons and Adrian Utley except where noted. 

No. Title Length
1. "Silence"   4:58
2. "Hunter"   3:57
3. "Nylon Smile"   3:16
4. "The Rip"   4:29
5. "Plastic"   3:27
6. "We Carry On"   6:27
7. "Deep Water"   1:31
8. "Machine Gun" (Barrow / Gibbons) 4:43
9. "Small"   6:45
10. "Magic Doors" (Barrow / Gibbons / John Baggot) 3:32
11. "Threads"   5:45

Release history[edit]

Third has been released in various formats.[11][19][27]

Region Date Label Format Catalog
United Kingdom 28 April 2008 Island LP 1764104
LP box set 1766390
CD 1764013
United States 29 April 2008 Mercury/Go! CD B0011141-02
LP B0011141-01
Japan 30 April 2008 Universal Music Japan CD UICI-1069

Charts[edit]

Chart (2008) Peak
position
Australian Album Chart 9
Austrian Album Chart 4 [28]
Belgian Album Chart (FL) 3
Belgian Album Chart (WA) 6
Canadian Album Chart 3[29]
Danish Album Chart 2
Dutch Album Chart 6[30]
Finnish Album Chart 9
French Album Chart 3
German Album Chart 6[31]
Greek Album Chart 2
Italian Album Chart 8
Japanese Album Chart 28
Mexican Album Chart 30
New Zealand Album Chart 9
Norwegian Album Chart 6
Portuguese Album Chart 5
Spanish Album Chart 16
Swedish Album Chart 18
Swiss Album Chart 2[32]
UK Albums Chart 2[4]
US Billboard 200 7[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Forrest, Peter (November 2008). "Adrian Utley: Recording Third". Sound on Sound. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  2. ^ Pareles, John (April 13, 2008). "After a Decade Away, Portishead Floats Back". Sound on Sound. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  3. ^ "iTunes – Music – Third by Portishead". iTunes. 27 April 2008. Retrieved 2012-01-12. 
  4. ^ a b "PORTISHEAD - Artist - Official Charts". Retrieved 2014-04-18. 
  5. ^ a b Hasty, Katy (7 May 2008). "Madonna Leads Busy Billboard 200 With 7th No. 1". Billboard magazine. Retrieved 2008-05-07. 
  6. ^ Review of December 2007 ATP shows StrangeGlue.com. Retrieved 27 December 2007
  7. ^ Portishead announce 2008 tour NME. Retrieved 27 January 2008
  8. ^ "Coachella lineup". Coachella.com. Retrieved 22 January 2008. 
  9. ^ "Portishead fans flock together for early album stream". Side-line.com. 1 May 2008. Retrieved 4 June 2011. 
  10. ^ a b "Third Reviews, Ratings, Credits, and More at Metacritic". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  11. ^ a b c Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Third (Portishead album) at AllMusic. Retrieved 2008-05-09.
  12. ^ a b Matos, Michaelangelo (28 April 2008). "Portishead: Third | Music | Music Review". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  13. ^ a b Southall, Nick (16 April 2008). "Album Review: Portishead - Third". Drowned in Sound. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  14. ^ a b Reviewed by Mike Bruno (18 April 2008). "Third Review | Music Reviews and News". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  15. ^ a b Jude Rogers (25 April 2008). "CD: Portishead, Third | Music | The Guardian". The Guardian (London: Guardian News and Media). Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  16. ^ Mojo. May 2008. Third shows Portishead in the tradition of, say, Fairpoint Convention as much as Massive Attack, and though it might not convert sceptics it is convincing, and occasionally thrilling, demonstration that the wilderness can be a great place to cook up new ideas. 
  17. ^ a b "NME Album Reviews – Portishead". NME. IPC Media. 28 April 2008. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  18. ^ a b "Portishead: Third | Album Reviews | Pitchfork". Pitchfork Media. 28 April 2008. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  19. ^ a b c Ranta, Alan. "Portishead: Third < Music PopMatters". PopMatters. Retrieved 2008-05-09. 
  20. ^ a b Rob Sheffield (1 May 2008). "Third | Album Reviews". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  21. ^ Cinquemani, Sal (18 April 2008). "Portishead: Third". Slant Magazine. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  22. ^ Uncut. May 2008. Third is the most stunning, stark and superb Portishead album yet. 
  23. ^ PopMatters Staff (18 December 2008). "The Best Albums of 2008". PopMatters. Retrieved 8 December 2014. 
  24. ^ "The 50 Best Albums of 2008". Pitchfork Media. December 19, 2008. Retrieved December 5, 2014. 
  25. ^ "50 albums of the year". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media. 7 December 2008. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  26. ^ "Albums and tracks of the year". NME. IPC Media. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  27. ^ Third at Discogs (list of releases)
  28. ^ Austrian Album Chart
  29. ^ Williams, John (7 May 2008). "Madonna's 'Candy' hits No. 1". Canoe.ca. Retrieved 2008-05-07. 
  30. ^ Kink FM
  31. ^ German Album Chart
  32. ^ Swiss Album Chart

External links[edit]