Third League of Prizren

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The Third League of Prizren or the Third Prizren League[1] or the "League of Prizren" in Exile[2][3] was an organisation founded by a group of Albanians in USA in 1946 and renewed by the initiative of the CIA in 1962[4][5] in order to organize and coordinate activities aimed to creation of the Greater Albania.[6] One of its members was Hisen Trpeza.[7][8]

After Yugoslavia was confronted with Comintern in 1948, Albania was directly involved in combined propagandist and diversion fight against Yugoslavia. Armaments which were transported from Albania to Kosovo presented significant danger and was forcibly collected in period 1954—1957. Groups for diversions and terrorist acts were infiltrated from Albania into territory of Yugoslavia, killing government officials and terrorized Serbian population of Kosovo.[9] One of the presidents of the league was Tahir Zaimi.[10]

In 1966 Xhafer Deva merged Kosovaret and Third League of Prizren and became its leader.[11] He remained its president until his death in 1978.[12] Sigurimi infiltrated its men into the Third League of Prizren because they shared the same objectives in case of Yugoslavia.[13][14] The official magazine of the organization was published under the name "Lidhja e Prizrenit" (English: The League of Prizren).[15] Robert Elsie stated that organization of 1960's was a re-creation of the new Second League of Prizren.[16][17] Yugoslav authorities imprisoned and trialed some members of the league and sentenced them to prison. One of declassified documents of CIA confirm that one of the imprisoned and trialed members of the league was agent of CIA.[18] The Third League of Prizren and the Free Kosovo National Committee agreed on a joint struggle in 1978.[19][20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sociologija. 1995. p. 501. "..of mass demonstrations of Serbs against the separatism of the adherents of the Third Prizren League in the last quarter of" 
  2. ^ Lange, Klaus (1981). Die Agrarfrage in der Politik der Partei der Arbeit Albaniens. O. Harrassowitz. ISBN 978-3-87828-120-7. 
  3. ^ "DECLASSIFIED AND RELEASES SY CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE. AGENCY". CIA. Retrieved 18 February 2014. "congress of the "League of Prizren"in Exile was.." 
  4. ^ NIN.: Nedeljne informativne novine. Politika. April 1989. Retrieved 4 May 2013. 
  5. ^ Roman Leljak (1990). Sam protiv njih. Založba za alternativno teorijo. p. 34. Retrieved 4 May 2013. "III liga je formirana 1962 u New Yorku, iz redova mladih albanskih emigranata, na inicijativu CIA." 
  6. ^ Mihailo Marković; Ljubomir Tadić (1994). Osporavanja i angažovanja. BIGZ. p. 373. Retrieved 4 May 2013. "Трећа призренска лига, формирана у САД 1946. године. [Third Prizren League was established in USA in 1946]" 
  7. ^ The Macedonian Times. MI-AN, d.o.o. 1998. Retrieved 4 May 2013. "... Hissen Trpeza appearin in the emigrant organization Third Prizren League in USA" 
  8. ^ Univerzitet "Kiril i Metodij"--Skopje. Filozofski fakultet. Istorisko-filološki oddel (1983). Godišen zbornik - Skopje, Univerzitet, Istorisko-filoški oddel (in Macedonian). s.n. p. 235. Retrieved 4 May 2013. "Така наречената III призренска лига е формирана во 1962 година по инициатива и под покровителство на американ- ската разузнавачка служба. Цел и е: борба против комунизмот и пршкууванте на Косово кон велика Албанща.[The Third Prizren League was established in 1962, based on initiative and under patronage of intelligence service of USA. Its aim was struggle against communism and annexing Kosovo to Greater Albania]" 
  9. ^ Bogdanović, Dimitrije. "The book of Kosovo" (in Serbian). Belgrade: Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts. Retrieved December 6, 2010. "Pored te političke i propagandne aktivnosti sračunate na dugi rok, ubacivane su iz Albanije diverzantsko-terorističke grupe, kao nekada kačačke bande između dva rata, koje su ubijale naše graničare i pripadnike snaga bezbednosti, političke aktiviste, i zavodile teror nad srpskim stanovništvom.[Besides political and propaganda activity calculated to have long term effects, there were diversive-terrorist groups, similar to katchaks bands in period between two world wars, who killed our soldiers at border and members of the law enforcement, political activists and terrorized Serbian population]" 
  10. ^ Vlado Strugar (1997). Drugi svjetski rat--50 godina kasnije: radovi sa naučnog skupa, Podgorica, 20-22. septembar 1996. Crnogorska akademija nauka i umjetnosti. p. 572. Retrieved 5 May 2013. "Тахир Заими (касније у емиграцији председник Треће призренске лиге),[ Tahir Zaimi (later in emigration president of the Third League of Prizren...)]" 
  11. ^ Đorđe Ličina; Milorad Vavić; Jovan Pavlovski (1985). Andrija Artuković, Vjekoslav Luburić, Xhafer Deva, Vančo Mihailov. Centar za informacije i publicitet. p. 256. Retrieved 4 May 2013. "U studenome 1966. godine Xhafer Deva pripojio je »Kosovaret« Trećoj prizrenskoj ligi, postavši njenim glavnim vođom.[In November 1966 Xhafer Deva merged Kosovaret with Third League of Prizren and became its supreme leader]" 
  12. ^ Đorđe Borozan (1995). Velika Albanija: poreklo - ideje - praksa. Vojnoizdavački insitut Vojske. p. 369. Retrieved 9 May 2013. "Цафер Дева формирао је у Њујорку 1962. године ТреЬу призренску лигу и био њен предсуедник до смрти - 1978. године [Xhafer Deva established in New York the Third League of Prizren in 1962 and was its president until his death in 1978]" 
  13. ^ Đorđe Ličina; Milorad Vavić; Jovan Pavlovski (1985). Andrija Artuković, Vjekoslav Luburić, Xhafer Deva, Vančo Mihailov. Centar za informacije i publicitet. p. 257. Retrieved 5 May 2013. "U Treću prizrensku ligu, osobito u njene evropske ogranke, ubacila je svoje ljude i sadašnja albanska obavještajna služba, s obzirom da su im ciljevi, kada je u pitanju Jugoslavija, potpuno jednaki.[In the Third League of Prizren, particularly in its European branches, Albanian intelligence inflitrated its men, having in consideration that they shared the same aims regarding Yugoslavia.]" 
  14. ^ Mitrović, Andrej (1991). Srbi i Albanci u XX veku: ciklus predavanja 7-10. maj 1990. Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti. p. 303. "When it failed in that respect, its leader moved to the United States, where he set up the Third Prizren League in 1962. Besides the emigration, the Albanian intelligence Sigurimi also infiltrated its men into this organization, since, when the ..." 
  15. ^ Prifti, Peter R. (1978). Socialist Albania since 1944: domestic and foreign developments. MIT Press. p. 297. ISBN 978-0-262-16070-4. "Lidhja e Prizrenit [The League of Prizren] , organ of the League of Prizren in exile, Apr.-May-June 1972." 
  16. ^ Elsie, Robert (15 November 2010). Historical Dictionary of Kosovo. Scarecrow Press. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-8108-7483-1. 
  17. ^ Elsie, Robert (24 December 2012). A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History. I.B.Tauris. p. 109. ISBN 978-1-78076-431-3. "In the 1960s, he headed a new Second League of Prizren, founded in New York,..." 
  18. ^ Acting Chief. "Espionage Charges Against Destan BERISHA". CIA. Retrieved 18 February 2014. "SB/YA has recently received a transcript of the indictment against former CIA agent and U.S. citizen, Destan BERISHA" 
  19. ^ Đorđe Borozan (1995). Velika Albanija: poreklo - ideje - praksa. Vojnoizdavački insitut Vojske. p. 369. Retrieved 9 May 2013. "Призренска лига и Национални комитет „Слободно Косово" од 1978. године делује на заједничкој платформи...[Prizren League and National Committee "Free Kosovo" are working on joint platform since 1978...]" 
  20. ^ JPRS Report: East Europe. Foreign Broadcast Information Service. 1990. p. 22.