Third-Worldism is a tendency to regard the division between First World developed countries and Third World developing countries as being of primary political importance. Third-Worldism supports Third World nations and national liberation movements against Western nations and their proxies.
Maoism (Third Worldism) is a Marxist Third-Worldist trend put forward by organizations such as the Revolutionary Anti-Imperialist Movement, and the Maoist Internationalist Ministry of Prisons.
- Bangura, Abdul Karim, "Toward a Pan-Third Worldism: A Challenge to the Association of Third World Studies (Journal of Third World Studies, Spring 2003)
- Hadiz, Vedi R., The Rise of Neo-Third Worldism?: The Indonesian Trajectory and the Consolidation of Illiberal Democracy,
- Malley, Robert, The Call From Algeria: Third Worldism, Revolution, and the Turn to Islam (UC Press)
- Malley, Robert, "The Third Worldist Moment", in Current History (November 1999)
- Slobodian, Quinn, Foreign Front: Third World Politics in Sixties West Germany (Duke University Press)
- Third Worldism or Socialism?, by Solidarity UK