Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||George Archainbaud|
|Produced by||David O. Selznick|
|Screenplay by||Bartlett Cormack
|Based on||title of the original work
by Tiffany Thayer
|Music by||Max Steiner|
|Edited by||Charles L. Kimball|
|Distributed by||RKO Radio Pictures|
|73 mins. (original release)
59 mins. (re-release version)
Thirteen Women is a 1932 American psychological thriller film, produced by David O. Selznick and directed by George Archainbaud. It stars Myrna Loy, Irene Dunne, Ricardo Cortez, Florence Eldridge and Jill Esmond. The film is based on the 1930 bestselling novel of the same name by Tiffany Thayer and was adapted for the screen by Bartlett Cormack and Samuel Ornitz. Several characters were deleted from the film's final release, including those played by Leon Ames, Phyllis Fraser, and Betty Furness (in what would have been her film debut at the age of 16). The film portrays only eleven women, not thirteen, with Fraser and Furness playing the two characters edited out of the film.
The film premiered in October at the Roxy Theater in New York City on September 16, 1932, then released in Los Angeles, and a few other cities in November 1932. A limited national release came in 1933. Originally running seventy-three minutes, the studio edited fourteen minutes out of the picture prior to release. The film was re-released in 1935 (post-Code) by RKO, hoping to turn a profit by cashing in on the growing popularity of stars Dunne and Loy. Thirteen Women has been cited as an early "female ensemble" film.
Thirteen women, who were sorority sisters at the all girl's college St. Alban's, all write to a clairvoyant "swami" (C. Henry Gordon) who by mail sends each a horoscope foreseeing swift doom. However, the clairvoyant is under the sway of Ursula Georgi (Myrna Loy), a half-Javanese Eurasian woman who was snubbed by the other women owing to her mixed-race heritage. Georgi seeks revenge by tricking the women into killing themselves or each other. She also goads the clairvoyant into killing himself by falling into the path of a subway train.
The victims are set up and killed off one by one until only Laura Stanhope (Irene Dunne), living in Beverly Hills, is still alive. With the help of Laura's chauffeur and lover (played by Edward J. Pawley), Ursula tries to kill Laura's young son, Bobby, with both tainted candy and an explosive rubber ball, but is thwarted. Ursula then follows Laura and Bobby as they flee Beverly Hills by train, unaware that police sergeant Barry Clive (Ricardo Cortez) is escorting them. After confronting Laura, and apparently hypnotizing her into falling asleep, Ursula enters Bobby's room and is caught by Clive. She then flees to the back of the train and jumps to her own death.
- Irene Dunne as Laura Stanhope
- Ricardo Cortez as Police Sergeant Barry Clive
- Jill Esmond as Jo Turner
- Myrna Loy as Ursula Georgi
- Mary Duncan as June Raskob
- Kay Johnson as Helen Dawson Frye
- Florence Eldridge as Grace Coombs
- C. Henry Gordon as Swami Yogadachi
- Peg Entwistle as Hazel Clay Cousins
- Harriet Hagman as May Raskob
- Edward Pawley as Burns, Laura's chauffeur
- Blanche Friderici as Miss Kirsten, headmistress
- Wally Albright as young Robert Stanhope (Bobby)
- Phyllis Fraser as Twelfth Woman (scenes deleted)
- Betty Furness as Thirteenth Woman (scenes deleted)
The character Hazel Cousins, as played by Peg Entwistle in the film is married, kills her husband and goes to prison. In the book, Hazel is virgin who remains so simply because she is considered too beautiful; men are either too intimidated to approach her, assume she is married or engaged or believe that she will break their heart. Hazel eventually becomes a lesbian after she is seduced by the wife of her doctor who is treating Hazel for tuberculosis. Hazel starves herself to death in a sanitarium while suffering the heartache of having been abandoned by her lover Martha. In both the book and movie, May and June Raskob (played by Harriet Hagman and Mary Duncan) are twin sisters who work in a circus, but in book they are overweight side show attractions, rather than photogenic trapeze artists as in the film.
Thirteen Women features the only film appearance of actress Peg Entwistle. Entwistle had a supporting role in the original cut with scenes running approximately sixteen minutes long. Her time onscreen was subsequently cut to four minutes after the film performed poorly for test audiences. Entwistle became despondent over her career and jumped to her death from Hollywood sign on September 16, 1932.
- Zeruk, James, Jr. (2013). Peg Entwistle and the Hollywood Sign Suicide: A Biography. McFarland. p. 226. ISBN 1-476-61219-6.
- "The New York Times". The New York Times. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- New York Times review, October 15, 1932
- Leider, Emily W. (2011). Myrna Loy: The Only Good Girl in Hollywood. University of California Press. p. 327. ISBN 0-520-94963-3.
- Los Angeles Times review (November 4, 1932)
- Quirk, Lawrence J. (1980). The Films Of Myrna Loy. Citadel Press. p. 141. ISBN 0-806-50735-7.
- Basinger, Jeanine, "Few female ensemble films", Variety, June 16, 2008, retrieved September 18, 2010
- Mallory, Mary (2011). Hollywoodland. Arcadia Publishing. p. 90. ISBN 1-439-62430-5.
- Clark, Mike (March 19, 2012). "Thirteen Women (DVD Review)". homemediamagazine.com. Retrieved December 7, 2014.