Thirthahalli

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Thirthahalli
ತೀರ್ಥಹಳ್ಳಿ
Theertharajapura
Taluk
Tunga Bridge with Lightings during Theppotsava
Tunga Bridge with Lightings during Theppotsava
Thirthahalli is located in Karnataka
Thirthahalli
Thirthahalli
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 13°42′N 75°14′E / 13.7°N 75.23°E / 13.7; 75.23Coordinates: 13°42′N 75°14′E / 13.7°N 75.23°E / 13.7; 75.23
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Shimoga
Government
 • MLA Kimmane Rathnakar[1]
Area
 • Total 5.91 km2 (2.28 sq mi)
Elevation 591 m (1,939 ft)
Population (2011[2])
 • Total 14,357
 • Density 2,400/km2 (6,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 577 432
Telephone code 08181
Vehicle registration KA-14
Website www.thirthahallitown.gov.in

Thirthahalli (Kannada:ತೀರ್ಥಹಳ್ಳಿ)([t̪iɾt̪ʰəhʌɭɭi]) is a panchayat town located in the Shimoga District of the state of Karnataka, India. It lies on the bank of the river Tunga and is also the headquarters of the Thirthahalli Taluk of Shimoga district.

Etymology[edit]

According to a Hindu legend, the sage Parashurama beheaded Renuka's head with an axe on the orders of his father, the great sage Jamadagni. Parashurama tried to wash the blood stains off the axe by dipping it in various rivers, but a sesame-sized blood stain remained on his axe, until he dipped his axe in the Tunga River near Thirthahalli. This place is now called Parashurama Thirtha (or RamaThirtha) and is the origin of the name Thirthahalli (halli means village in the Kannada language). Near RamaThirtha, there is a stone Mantapa called Rama Mantapa. This legend has made Thirthahalli a holy place for Hindus, who believe that a dip in the river Tunga will cure one of all sins.

History[edit]

Another legend set in the time of Ramayana, indicates that Maricha, a relative of the Lanka king Ravana came disguised as a golden deer to enchant Sita, the wife of Rama. When Sita asked Rama to get her the deer, Rama followed the deer and killed it. This incident is supposed to have happened near a place called Mrugavadhe in Thirthahalli Taluk. Mrugavadhe means Killing of an animal in the local Sanskrit language.

Thirthahalli has a rich archaeological history with Neolithic sites uncovered in Kundadri Hills near Agumbe and portholed burial chambers found at Arehalli near Thirthahalli.

A fort was constructed at Kavaledurga, near Thirthahalli at around 9th century AD. The king of Belagutti, Cheluvarangappa strengthened this fort in the 14th century. Venkatappa Nayaka, a Keladi king, acquired this fort and constructed seven battlements to protect this fort in the 16th century. Hyder Ali conquered this fort in the 18th century and later the fort came under the rule of Tipu Sultan and became part of the domain of the Wodeyar dynasty of Mysore.

Geography[edit]

Bridge across the river Tunga at Thirthahalli

Thirthahalli is located at 13°42′N 75°14′E / 13.7°N 75.23°E / 13.7; 75.23.[3] It has an average elevation of 591 metres (1938 feet). it is located in the midst of the dense forests of the Western Ghats.

Transport[edit]

Thirthahalli is 60 kilometres from the district headquarters, Shimoga. The National Highway NH-13 (Thirthahalli road) provides access to other cities. The nearest railway station is in Shimoga. Numerous trains run from Bangalore and Mysore to Shimoga. Traveling for North Udupi railway station is the major one. The nearest airport is Mangalore International Airport.

List of Tourist Attractions in Thirthahalli[edit]

Tunga Bridge The Tunga Bridge is a bridge connecting Thirthahalli to Kuruvalli. This bridge has an arc-like structure at the top which is supported by consecutive pillars on either side of the bridge. [4] This bridge was designed by Sir M. Visvesvaraya. The bridge was completed in 1962. Now the bridge connects Thirthahalli to Koppa, Sringeri towns and is a part of NH 13.

Sri Rameshwara Temple

Rameshwara Temple

Sri Rameshwara Temple is the main Hindu temple of Thirthahalli. This temple is made of stone and is on the banks of the river Tunga. It is near Parashurama Thirtha. The sanctum sanctorum of the temple has a Lingam which is said to have been installed by Sage Parashurama himself. The day when Parashurama cleansed his axe to remove the sesame-sized blood stain, the New Moon Day of the month of Margashira in the Hindu calendar, is termed Yellu Amavasya; Yellu meaning sesame and Amavasya meaning New Moon day, and Thirthahalli has an annual festival, Yellu Amavasya Jatre to celebrate this.

The three days out of the five-day festival which are of particular interest to the public are Yellu Amavasya, when Utsava Moorthi, the main idol of Lord Sri Rameshwara is taken to the river to be consecrated; the second day, when the decorated temple chariot is pulled along the main street of Thirthahalli by devotees; and the third day, when the Utsava Moorthi is taken on a Teppa (raft) down the river Tunga to the river bank at Kuruvalli and brought back. This celebration is called Teppotsava (raft-festival). On this day, a lot of colourful crackers are lit and also the river banks, Tunga Bridge and Rama Mantap are decorated with lights.

Ambuthirtha The river Sharavathi forms a water falls near Shimoga; a myth holds that when Rama & Sitha were in Vanavasa, Sitha got thirsty and asked Rama to fetch water. There was no water source in that place, so Rama shot an arrow to where the Goddess Ganga came and quenched her thirst, and a river sprang up. Now, Jog Falls is a source of hydroelectric power in Karnataka.

Anandagiri and Siddeshwara Gudda

Siddeswara Hill

Two hills in Thirthahalli are Anandagiri Gudda, on Shimoga Road, and Siddeshwara Gudda, on Agumbe Road near Balebailu. Both are reachable by foot from the town, and both offer scenic vistas.

Kuppalli

Kavishaila at Kuppalli

Situated 18 km from Thirthahalli on the [Thirthalli - Koppa road], Kuppalli is the home town of the great Kannada poet and playwright Kuvempu.

Agumbe Agumbe is a small town in Thirthahalli Taluk famous for being the location where the television serial Malgudi Days (based on a novel of the same name by the famous writer, R K Narayan) was shot. In addition to the scenery, this area has the world's first king cobra sanctuary. Agumbe is also known for its rainfall and is referred to as "Cheerapunji of South".

Chibbalagudde The temple of Sri Siddi Vinayaka and Matsyadhama is located in Chibbalagudde, ten kilometres from Thirthahalli, near Kuppalli. The temple is there on the bank of Tunga River. You can also see lot of beautiful fishes in river.

Madaga is a beautiful place situated 15 kilometres from Thirthahalli, where you can find submerged remains of the temple. It is between Kaimara and Yedur on the road from Thirthahalli to Kundapura via Mastikatte.

Kundadri

Kundadri Jain Temple

The Kundadri hills are near Thirthahalli and Agumbe; there is a beautiful pond and an old Jain temple here. It is 30 km from Thirthahalli town and 20 km from Agumbe near guddekeri.

Kavaledurga

Gummanamakki is where all the regional gods are gathered together and celebrate a festival in the month of December on the banks of River Tunga near Malur.

Notable people[edit]

List of MLA's

Name Party Period
Kimmane Rathnakar[5] Indian National Congress 2013 – present
Kimmane Rathnakar[6] Indian National Congress 2008-2013
Araga Jnanendra[7] Bharatiya Janata Party 2004-2008
Araga Jnanendra[8] Bharatiya Janata Party 1999-2004
Araga Jnanendra[9] Bharatiya Janata Party 1994-1999
D.B.Chandre Gowda Janata Dal 1989-1994
Patamakki Rathnakara Indian National Congress 1985-1989
D.B.Chandre Gowda Janata party 1983-1985
Kadidal Diwakara Indian National Congress 1978-1983
Konandur Lingappa Socialist Party 1972-1978
Shantaveri Gopala Gowda Samyukta Socialist Party 1967-1972
Shantaveri Gopala Gowda Samyukta Socialist Party 1962-1967
A.R.Badarinarayan Indian National Congress 1957-1962
Kadidal Manjappa Indian National Congress 1952-1957
Thirthahalli Night Aerial View From Siddeshwara Betta

List of Sahakari Rathna Award Winners

Name Year
Dr. R M Manjunath Gowda
Vijay Dev 2012

Literature

Arts and Entertainment

  • Sri. Girish Kasaravalli, Kannada Film Director. Winner of 4 Golden Lotus Awards.[10]
  • Diganth, Rakesh, Pavan Sagar - Kannada Cinema Actors
  • Kodlu Ramakrishna - Kannada Film Director.
  • Sri. Alaka - Playwright, Story Writer, Poet.
  • Sri. H R Manjunath (Manju), Sri S V Padmanabh, Sri K R Swamy, Sri Nataraj Aralasurali, Sri Shirdhar Humcha, Dattu Kattehakkalu - Kannada Cartoonists.
  • Seetharamachar Udupi - Kannada Actor

Government

  • Sri Shantaveri Gopala Gowda - Politician, Opposition Leader of Karnataka Assembly, Popular for "Kagodu Satyagraha".
  • Sri Kadidal Manjappa, former Chief Minister of Karnataka.[11]
  • Mr. Araga Jnanendra, Chairperson of Mysore Paper Mills and former MLA.[12][13][14][15]
  • Mr. Kimmane Rathnakar, MLA of Thirthahalli, elected in 2008.[16]

Sports

  • S.D. Eshan - Silver Medallist Asiad in Discus Throw
  • Shruthi K - State Women's Chess Champion [17] [18] [19]
  • Smt K V Lalithamma - Sportsperson.

Journalism

Justice

Education[edit]

  • Tunga Mahavidyalaya
  • Sahyadri Polytechnic
  • Government Degree College
  • Government Pre-University College
  • Government High School
  • Govt. Girls High School, Soppuguddde
  • Government Higher Primary Boys School
  • Sahyadri Higher Primary School
  • Sevabharathi Higher Primary School
  • Sahyadri High School
  • Sahyadri Pre-University College.
  • St.Marry Higher Primary and High School
  • Vaghdevi Higher Primary and High School
  • Vaghdevi College of Education
  • Sevabharathi Shishu Mandira
  • ITI COLLEGE

Press & Media[edit]

Daily Newspapers

  • 1. Chalagara

2.Belagina Vidhata 3. Bruhaspathivani

  • 4. Neladha Dhwani

Weekly Newspapers

  • 1. Varadhi
  • 2. Vidhatha
  • 3. Nimma Antharanga
  • 4. Sahyadri Varthe
  • 6. Lakshmeesh Pathrike.

Cable Media

  • e-digtal Cable Network (NAMMA THIRTHAHALLI) - seebinkere, Thirthahalli

Online News

  • www.thirthahalli.in

Gallery[edit]

Notable People

Theppothsava 2013

Siddeswara Hill

Others

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]