Thirty-Seventh Army (Japan)

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Japanese Thirty-Seventh Army
Active 11 April 1942-15 August 1945
Country Empire of Japan
Branch Imperial Japanese Army
Type Infantry
Role Corps
Garrison/HQ Kuching, Sarawak
Nickname Nada ( Bay?)
Engagements Borneo campaign

The Japanese 37th Army (第37軍 Dai-sanjyūnana gun?) was an army of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.

History[edit]

The Japanese 37th Army was formed as Borneo Defense Army, a garrison force organized on 11 April 1942 under the Southern Expeditionary Army Group following the Japanese invasion and occupation of the British protectorates of Sarawak, Brunei, North Borneo on the island of Borneo.

On 12 September 1944, with the threat of possible landings of Allied forces to retake the former colonial territories in Southeast Asia increasing, the organizational structure of the Southern Expeditionary Army changed, and the Borneo Defense Army was re-designated the Japanese Thirty-Seventh Army.

The Japanese 37th Army was undermanned and poorly equipped, with most equipment and experienced units shifted toward more critical areas of the Southwest Pacific front. Nonetheless, it put up a stiff resistance to landings by Australian troops in the Borneo campaign of 1945, notably at the Battle of North Borneo and Operation Oboe Six.

The Japanese 37th Army was demobilized at the surrender of Japan on 15 August 1945 at Kuching.

List of commanders[edit]

Commanding officer[edit]

Name From To
1 General Toshinari Maeda 11 April 1942 5 September 1942 Borneo Defense Army
2 General Masataka Yamawaki 5 September 1942 22 September 1944 Borneo Defense Army
3 Lieutenant General Masao Baba 26 December 1944 September 1945 Japanese 37th Army

Chief of Staff[edit]

Name From To
1 Major General Satoshi Makoto 11 April 1942 22 September 1944 Borneo Defense Army
2 Lieutenant General Keishin Managi 22 September 1944 24 February 1945 Japanese 37th Army
3 Major General Shigeru Kuroda 24 February 1945 September 1945 Japanese 37th Army

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Books[edit]

  • Frank, Richard B. (1999). Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-41424-X. OCLC 40783799. 
  • Madej, Victor (1981). Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945. Allentown, PA: Game Publishing Company. OCLC 8930220. 

External links[edit]