Thiruchendur Murugan Temple
|Thiruchendur Murugan Temple
திருச்செந்தூர் முருகன் கோவில்
Temple's Raja Gopuram
|Proper name:||Thiruchendur Senthilandavan Koil|
|Architecture and culture|
|Primary deity:||Senthilandavan (Murugan)|
|Architectural styles:||Tamilian architecture|
|Part of the series on|
Thiruchendur Murugan Temple (Tamil: திருச்செந்தூர் முருகன் கோவில்) is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Muruga and one of the Arupadaiveedu (six major abodes) of Lord Muruga. It is located in the small town of Thiruchendur in the district of Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu, India. It is 55 km south-east of Tirunelveli, 40 km from Tuticorin and 75 km north-east of Kanyakumari. It is easily accessible either by bus or car. Frequent train services are available to Tiruchendur from the nearest railway junction, Tirunelveli Junction. This temple is the fourth Hindu temple in Tamil Nadu to get ISO certification. The Kumbabisheka for this temple was held recently in July 2009 , after this many new schemes was implemented in this temple.
Each of the six major abodes of Lord Muraga has an event mentioned in the puranas (major religious texts). Thiruchendur is said to be second in importance among his six abodes. This place is also referred to by other names in religious poems and literature as Thirucheeralaivai, Thiruchenthil, and Thiruchenthiyoor. The deity is worshipped by various names such as Senthilandavan, Senthilkumar, and so on. The six Arupadiveedus are: Palani (120 km west of Madurai), Swamimalai (150 km east of Madurai), Thiruthani (50 km from Chennai), Pazhamudircholai (10 km north of Madurai) and Thiruparamkunram (10 km south of Madurai).
The temple is situated so close to the sea that waves from the Gulf of Mannar lap at the eastern perimeter wall of the temple. The temple has devotees across the world including Singapore, Malaysia, America, Canada, London, etc. This temple plays a significant role in the faith of the world's Tamils.
Sri Adi Shankaracharya praised Lord Murugan of Thiruchendur by his "Sri Subramnaya Bhujanga Stotra" .He praised the greatness of Vibhuti of Lord Murugan as follows,
ApasmAra kushta kshayArsha prameha|
JvaronmAdha gulmAdhi rogA mahAntha||
PishAchAshcha sarve bhavatpatra bhoothim|
Vilokya kshanAth tArakAre dravanthe|| (Shloka no.25)
Oh Conqueror of Taraka! Severe epilepsy, leprosy, consumption, lung diseases, venereal diseases, fevers, mental diseases of all types, they run away the moment they see Thy Vibhuti contained in a leaf.
An Asura by name Surapadma was ruling Veera Mahandrapuri, an island fortress, as his Capital. He performed many austerities invoking Lord Siva and Lord Siva granted him many boons. Later he became arrogant and captured three worlds and made the Heavenly immortals to do menial task. Devas were unable to bear his torture and complained to Lord Siva. Lord Siva opened His frontal eye to create a son to kill the asuras. Six sparks of fire where issued from the frontal eye of Lord Siva. The divine sparks of grace were received by river Ganges through Agni, the God of Fire and passed on to the Himalayan lake Saravana Poigai. Here they were transformed into six babes.
These babes were suckled by the six Kirithika nymphs. Lord Siva and Goddess Parvathi Devi came to Saravana Poigai. When the Goddess Uma fondly clasped the babes, they became Lord Arumuga with six faces and twelve arms. When the child Arumuga had grown into a youth God, Lord Siva asked Him to destroy asuras and free Devas from their cruel bondage. Lord Muruga reached Tiruchendur with his huge army and encamped. He sent his lieutenant Veerabahu to the asuras as an emissary and asked Surapadma to release the Devas. Since Surapadma turned down the request, war was started.
The intense battle continued for few days. During the first five days of the War the brothers of Surapadma and all other asuras perished. On sixth day in the battle between Lord Muruga and Surapadma, the lance of Lord Muruga pierced Surapadma (who got himself transformed as a frightful mango tree ) and broke it in twain. The broken pieces instantly transformed themselves into a mighty Peacock and a Chanticleer. Lord Muruga took Peacock as his vahana (Vehicle) and Chanticleer on his banner.
After Surasamharam ( Destruction of Surapadman) Lord Muruga desired to worship his father Lord Siva. Hence Mayan, the divine architect constructed this shrines at Tiruchendur. Even now Lord Subramaniyan is seen in the posture of worshiping Lord Siva in the Sanctum sanctorum.
This temple has been in existence for millennia, according to the Puranas. Thiruchendur is merely a Tamil name given to this site due to the abundance of sandalwood paste in this temple. It is hailed as Sri Jayantipura in the scriptures. There is an expectional tradition of adhering to the Kumara Tantra instead of the Saivagamas, which makes this temple an exclusively Kaumara shrine. With the onslaughts of Saivism, however, this temple has still managed to resist the introduction of the Saivagamas, amazingly enough. The form of Lord Murugan in this temple has also been extolled in the Kumara Tantra. The Kumara Tantra describes the Lord of Sri Jayantipuram to wield a shakti(lance), akshmala(rosary), katibaddha(one hand resting on His hip) and ambhuja(lotus). This has certainly been morphed by Saivaites to make it seem like Lord Murugan is engaged in worshipping Lord Siva to absolve Himself of the sin of killing a Bramhana. This myth has no scriptural base and is pure hearsay. Surapadma was not a Bramhana. One can become a Bramhana via one of the following two methods. Firstly, by birth in which both of one's parents need to be Bramhanas. Surapadma's father was Rsi Kasyapa and his mother was Asuri Surasa. Secondly, one can become a Bramhana by one's actions. Clearly, Surapadma violated all the codes of conducts of a Bramahana by being egoistic, greedy, harsh in speech etc. This rules out the possibility of Surapadma being a Bramhana. Therefore, the proposition that the Lord incurred the sin of Bramhahatya is completely absurd and should be rejected.
- Sri Muruga Perumal (Main god-moolavar)
- Sri shanmuga (Primary substitute-Urtchavar)
- Panchalingam (Worshipped by Lord Murugan)
- Jayanthinathar (Who killed demon surapadma)
- Kumaravidanga peruman (Who is going to archery)
- Sri Valliamman (Companion of Muruga)
- Sri Devasena (Companion of Muruga)
- Sri Dakshina moorthy (God of knowledge)
- Sri Mahalingeswarar (Equivalent to thousand lingas)
- Sri Venkateshwara (Uncle of Lord Muruga)
- Aandal (Aunty of Lord Muruga)
- Sri Vallabhai vinayaga (Brother of Lord Muruga)
- Sri Satru Samhara Moorthy (who destroys our enemies)
- Sri sandikeswara (Protector of temple wealth)
- Sri saneeswara
- Sri bairava (Kaala Bhairava Moorthi - Sign of Lord Shiva)
- Sri Nataraja (Dancing pose of Lord Shiva)
Temples to be visited
- Thoondugai vinayagar temple.
- Valliamman cave.
- Idumban temple.
- Ayya vaikunda swamy temple.
- Siva temple.
- Moovar samathu.
- Selva theertha kinaru.
- Veilukandamman temple.
- Kulasekaran pattinam "Sri Mutharamman" temple.
- Venkatachalapathy temple, krishnapuram.
Tiruchendur Escapes from Tsunami
Tiruchendur temple which is situated nearer to the sea escaped from Tsunami with the blessings of Lord Muruga on December 26, 2004. The sea level opposite to the sanctum sanctorum was higher than the ground level at the sanctum sanctorum, even then the sea didn't enter the temple, though the nearby areas were affected by the sea waves.
Temple help desk
- Temple pooja timings.
- Temple festivals.
- Tiruchendur Railway timings.
- Tiruchendur Express.
- How to reach tiruchendur.
Travel To Thiruchendur
It is 55 km south-east of Tirunelveli, 40 km from Tuticorin and 75 km north-east of Kanyakumari.
Bus : Govt & Private buses from Chennai, Madurai, Tiruchy and Coimbatore. From Tirunelveli & Tuticorin more frequent buses are there.
Daily Train from Chennai ( TIRUCHENDUR EXP : # 16735 -starts at 16.05 from Chennai Egmore )...
As there are more Train connectivity to Tirunelveli- One can travel up to Tirunelveli by Train and take a bus or car to Tiruchendur.
Four Passenger Trains are there from Tirunelveli starting 7.00am, 9.35am,11.15am and 18.15pm.
Nearest Airports are
Tuticorin 30 km Madurai 168 km ( 3 Hours ) Tiruchy 311 km ( 4.5 – 5 hours ) Thiruvanthapuram International Airport 175 km ( 3.5 hours )
- The Hindu : NATIONAL / TAMIL NADU : ISO accreditation for Tiruchendur temple
- Temples of India: Sri Subramanya swamy temple - Tiruchendur
- Tiruchendur Temple
- Tiruchendur Temple Escapes Tsunami but not Velankanni? « Absolute-Truth Forums
- Tiruchendur/TCN to Dindigul/DG - 1 Trains - India Rail Info - A Busy Junction for Travellers & Rail Enthusiasts
- Chennai Egmore Tiruchendur (Chendur) Express/16735 Mail/Express Route Map Chennai Egmore/MS to Tambaram/TBM - India Rail Info - A Busy Junction for Travellers & Rail Enthusias...
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thiruchendur Murugan Temple.|
- Official Website
- Muruga Temple
- Sri Subrahmanya Swami Devasthanam, Tiruchendur
- Tiruchendur Subramaniya swamy Temple history in Tamil