Trivandrum International Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Trivandrum International Airport
Trivandrum International Airport T2.jpg
International terminal (Terminal 2) of the Airport
IATA: TRVICAO: VOTV
TRV is located in Kerala
TRV
TRV
Location of airport in Kerala
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator Airports Authority of India
Serves Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Alappuzha; Tamil Nadu: Nagercoil, Marthandam, Kanyakumari
Location Thiruvananthapuram
Hub for Air India Express
Focus city for Air India
Elevation AMSL 13 ft / 4 m
Coordinates 08°28′56″N 76°55′12″E / 8.48222°N 76.92000°E / 8.48222; 76.92000Coordinates: 08°28′56″N 76°55′12″E / 8.48222°N 76.92000°E / 8.48222; 76.92000
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
14/32 3,400 11,155 Asphalt
Statistics (Apr '13 - Mar '14)
Passenger movements 2,934,434
Aircraft movements 23,782
Cargo tonnage 29,077
Source: AAI[1][2][3]

Trivandrum International Airport (IATA: TRVICAO: VOTV) is in Thiruvananthapuram and is the first airport in the state of Kerala, India. It is the first international airport in a non-metro city in India.[4] TIA is considered an "all weather" airport[5] and is ISO 9001-2000 certified. It is the eighth busiest airport in the country in international passenger traffic and 12th busiest in overall passenger traffic.[6]

The Trivandrum International terminal is approximately 3.7 km (2.3 mi) due west from the city centre,[4]16 km (9.9 mi) from Kovalam beach, 13 km (8.1 mi) from Technopark Trivandrum and 21 km (13 mi) from the proposed Vizhinjam International Seaport. It mainly serves the people from Thiruvananthapuram and Kollam districts in Kerala.

Trivandrum International Airport operates two terminals. Terminal 1 handles all domestic flight operations and Terminal 2 handles international flight operations.[7]

In addition to civil operations, Trivandrum Airport caters to the Indian Air Force (IAF) and the Coast Guard for their strategic operations. IAF have an exclusive apron to handle all their operations. Trivandrum airport also caters for the Rajiv Gandhi Academy for Aviation Technology which carries out pilot training activities.[8]

Trivadrum International Airport is a hub for Air India Express and a focus city for Air India.

History[edit]

The airport was established in 1932 as part of the Royal Flying Club under the initiative of Colonel Goda Varma Raja, husband of HRH Princess Karthika Thirunal of Travancore Kingdom.[9] Col G.V Raja, a trained pilot, felt the need an airport to accommodate Travancore in the aviation map of India.

In 1935, on royal patronage of H.H Maharaja Chitra Thirunal, Tata Airlines made its maiden flight to the airport using DH.83 Fox Moth aircraft under command of India's first pilot Nevill Vintcent carried Jamshed Navoroji, a Tata company official, and Kanchi Dwarakadas, commercial agent of Travancore to Bombay Presidency with a special mail from Viceroy of British India, Lord Willingdon wishing birthday greetings to the Maharaja.[10]

The first flight took off on 1 November 1935, carrying mails of Royal Anchal (Travancore Post) to Bombay. In 1938, the Royal Government of Travancore acquired a Dakota as Maharaja's private aircraft and placed the first squadron of Royal Indian Air Force (Travancore) for protection of state from aerial attacks. After Independence, the airstrip was used for domestic flights with construction of a domestic terminal: T1.

International operations were initiated by Air India to cities in the Middle East during the latter half of the 1980s. Very soon, SriLankan Airlines (then Air Lanka) and Air Male joined the race. On 1 January 1991, TIA was upgraded to an international airport, making it the first such in India outside the metropolitan cities.

On 1 March 2011, the first flight operated from the new international terminal. IX 536 (Air India Express) from Sharjah marked the first arrival. Air India Express operated the first departure to Dubai from this new terminal.

All the international departing passengers must pay INR 575 as users fee from 1 March 2011.

Terminals, airlines and destinations[edit]

Departures terminal
The domestic terminal (Terminal 1)
Domestic Terminal Lounge (Terminal 1)

Passenger airlines[edit]

There are two terminals. Terminal 1 is for domestic and Terminal 2 for international flights. [11] The domestic terminal has an area of 9,200 m2 (99,000 sq ft) and can handle 400 passengers at a time. The Terminal 3 (NITB: New International Terminal Building) and the International Terminal can handle 1,600 passengers at a time.[12]

The international terminal ground operations are handled by Air India and Bhadra Ground Handling services Ltd. It is fully air-conditioned with wi-fi facility. The terminal features spacious lounges, natural lighting with extensive use of glass roofing and better conveyance facilities for passengers. It has three baggage carousels and elaborate immigration/customs facilities. Flemingo, India's first privately owned duty-free operator is managing the duty-free shop at the international terminal.

The domestic terminal has basic amenities including cafés, a book-seller, duty-free shopping, free local calls, phone-recharging points.[13]

There are plans to built a parallel taxiway, an isolation bay, an aerobridge and an apron in the international terminal, a turning pad, and expand the security area in the domestic terminal. It costs Rs.130 crore.[14]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air Arabia Sharjah International
Air India Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Kochi, Mumbai Domestic
Air India Kochi, Kozhikode, Malé, Riyadh, Sharjah International
Air India Express Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Kochi, Mumbai, Muscat, Salalah, Sharjah International
Emirates Dubai International
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi International
flydubai Dubai[15] International
Gulf Air Bahrain[16] International
IndiGo Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kochi, Mumbai, Kolkata Domestic
IndiGo Dubai[17] International
Jet Airways Bangalore, Chennai, Mumbai, Dehradun Domestic
Jet Airways Dammam, Muscat International
JetKonnect Bangalore, Delhi Domestic
Kuwait Airways Kuwait International
Maldivian Malé, Hanimaadhoo International
Oman Air Muscat International
Qatar Airways Doha International
SilkAir Singapore International
SpiceJet Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai Domestic
SriLankan Airlines Colombo International
Tigerair Singapore (ends 22 September 2014) International

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
FitsAir Colombo
Qatar Airways Cargo Colombo, Doha
SriLankan Cargo Colombo

Facilities[edit]

Inside Terminal 2
Terminal 2 Baggage Carousel
Terminal 2 Operational Area

The newly built Terminal 3 has three additional jetways and parking bays to accommodate 8 aircraft. The terminal is built opposite to the current terminal across the runway and is closer to the city side. The terminal, constructed by the AAI and designed by the UK firm, Pascall+Watson architects, is expected to provide impetus to the development of the IT sector and the tourism industry in the southern districts of Kerala.

The international terminal covers an area of 35,000 m2 (380,000 sq ft). It is able to handle the passengers of three Airbus A340s and one Boeing 747 aircraft simultaneously (roughly 1500 passengers).[18] The annual handling capacity of the terminal will be 1.8 million.

The check-in area has a floor area of 950 m2 (10,200 sq ft) and the arrival area 600 m2 (6,500 sq ft). To enable the passengers to check in at any counter, a Common Users Terminal Equipment (CUTE) is installed. X-ray machines are attached to the side of the conveyor belts for faster clearance of baggage.

The entrance to the terminal is from the Chaka-Eenchakkal road. A bridge has been built across the Parvathy Puthanar canal to link the new terminal to the Kazhakuttam-Inchivila NH (National Highway) 47 bypass.[19] The new terminal has a car park area that can accommodate about 600 cars.

There is a pre paid taxi service counter and foreign exchange(Thomas Cook India) counter on arrivals area.[20]

Visa on Arrival[edit]

The Visa on Arrival facility (VOA) service is available and allows citizens of 11 countries — Japan, Singapore, Finland, Luxembourg, New Zealand, the Philippines, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Myanmar and Indonesia — to obtain tourist visas upon arrival.[21]

Cargo operations[edit]

The cargo activities at the Trivandrum Airport are carried out through the Kerala State Industrial Enterprises (KSIE), a government of Kerala undertaking). The cargo warehouse is on the airport premises. It has a capacity to import 21000 MT and export 27000 MT per annum. In 2010-11 (up to December 2010), the airport achieved MT of import cargo and MT of export cargo. The KSIE is developing a satellite cargo import facility on a temporary basis at the NITB terminal for perishable cargo handling till their final master plan is implemented for developing a huge cargo warehouse on 15 acres of land adjoining the NITB. Major cargo jets such as Emirates has begun flights to TIA six times a week.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.aai.aero/traffic_news/mar2k14annex3.pdf
  2. ^ http://www.aai.aero/traffic_news/mar2k14annex2.pdf
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ a b Trivandrum International Airport
  5. ^ "Plea for AIE headquarters in Thiruvananthapuram". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 12 November 2010. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  6. ^ AAI traffic figures 2009-2011
  7. ^ "Trivandrum International Airport currently operates two terminals. Terminal 1 handles all domestic flight operations and Terminal 2 handles international flight operations. - Image". Airport Technology. 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2014-05-05. 
  8. ^ Rajiv Gandhi Academy for Aviation Technology
  9. ^ "Trivandrum International Airport, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala". Airport Technology. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  10. ^ PTI (2010-10-29). "States / Kerala : Kerala celebrates 75th anniversary of civil aviation". Chennai, India: The Hindu. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  11. ^ "Airports Authority of India". Aai.aero. 2010-04-20. Retrieved 2014-05-05. 
  12. ^ Passenger traffic
  13. ^ "Experience - On the ground - Airport Lounge". SilkAir. Retrieved 2011-03-01. 
  14. ^ "Rs.130-cr. facility uplift at Thiruvananthapuram international airport". The Hindu. 6 January 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  15. ^ "Dubai's low-cost carrier to launch 3 new destinations in India - The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 1970-01-01. Retrieved 2014-05-05. 
  16. ^ Our Bureau (2013-11-07). "Gulf Air to restart direct flights to Thiruvananthapuram | Business Line". Thehindubusinessline.com. Retrieved 2014-05-05. 
  17. ^ http://www.newkerala.com/news/newsplus/worldnews-127361.html#.UQ_51aTnaUk
  18. ^ The hindu News Title:World class terminal for Thiruvananthapuram International Airport
  19. ^ Airport inauguration
  20. ^ "Terminal may put development on fast track". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 12 February 2011. 
  21. ^ IANS (2013-04-21). "Visa on arrival approved at two Kerala airports". The Hindu. Retrieved 2013-10-20. 
  22. ^ http://www.aai.aero/misc/trivandrum_airport.pdf

External links[edit]

See also[edit]