Thoas

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For the king of the Tauri people, see Thoas (Tauri king).
For other mythical figures of this name, see Thoas (disambiguation).

Thoas (Ancient Greek: Θόας), son of Andraemon and Gorge, was one of the heroes who fought for the Greeks in the Trojan War. He was a former suitor of Helen of Troy and led a group of forty ships for the Aetolians,[1] one of the larger contingents. The Iliad states that he received his lordship because the previous dynasty of Oineus and Meleagros had perished, so the power to rule was bestowed on him.[2] He was one of the nine volunteers to fight Hector in one on one combat, but lost to the drawing of lots to Telamonian Aias.[3]

In the Iliad Poseidon impersonates Thoas to rally Idomeneus so that he will prevent Hector, who had just killed the sea god's grandson, and his forces from routing the Argives.[4] Later, when Hector has broken through to the ships and the Trojan advance is pressing hard upon them, Thoas advises the Greeks' best warriors to make a stand against Hector and the advancing Trojans in order to allow the rest of the Greek army to retreat to safety.[5] In the Aeneid, Aeneas names Thoas as one of those Greeks hidden within the Trojan Horse.[6]

He figures in a story told by Odysseus in the Odyssey.[7]

Some say that Odysseus, after being exiled from Ithaca by Neoptolemus, came to Thoas and married his daughter, by whom he had a son Leontophonus.[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Homer, Iliad 2.638–644; Hyginus, Fabulae 97 (which says 15 ships).
  2. ^ Iliad 2.641–3.
  3. ^ Homer, Iliad 7.168.
  4. ^ Homer, Iliad 13.215 ff..
  5. ^ Homer, Iliad 15.281 ff..
  6. ^ Virgil, Aeneid 2.262.
  7. ^ Homer, Odyssey, 14.7.
  8. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, Epitome of Book 4, 7. 40

References[edit]