Thomas B. Robertson
|Thomas B. Robertson|
|27th; 3rd after U.S. Statehood Governor of Louisiana|
|Preceded by||Jacques Villeré|
|Succeeded by||Henry S. Thibodaux|
February 27, 1779|
|Died||October 5, 1828
White Sulphur Springs, Virginia
|Alma mater||College of William and Mary|
Thomas Bolling Robertson (February 27, 1779 – October 5, 1828) was a member of the U. S. House of Representatives representing the state of Louisiana, the third Governor and the Attorney General of Louisiana, and a United States federal judge.
Robertson was born near Petersburg, Virginia. After graduating from the College of William and Mary in 1795, he read law to enter the bar in 1806, and was briefly in private practice in Petersburg. He emigrated to Louisiana and was appointed Territorial Attorney General by Governor William C.C. Claiborne, from 1806-1807. He was then Secretary of the Territory of Orleans from 1807 until 1812, at which time Louisiana became a state. He was the first United States Representative from the State of Louisiana. He served four terms as a Democratic-Republican until his resignation in 1818. He briefly returned to private practice in Louisiana in 1818, but was appointed Attorney General of Louisiana from 1819-1820.
He was subsequently elected Governor of Louisiana and served from 1820 until his resignation in 1824. During his term as Governor, factional discord between established Creole citizens and newly arriving American settlers created a political crisis. Robertson was seen as weak for not acting to resolve the ethnic differences, and when he proposed moving the capital from New Orleans to Baton Rouge, riots broke out in the Crescent City and he was forced to resign. He saved face by accepting a federal judgeship, and on May 24, 1824, he was appointed by President James Monroe to a seat jointly held on the Eastern and Western Districts of Louisiana, both seats having been vacated by John Dick. Robertson was confirmed by the United States Senate on May 26, 1824, receiving his commission the same day, and serving thereafter until his death.
In 1827, Robertson, along with Armand Duplantier, Fulwar Skipwith, Antoine Blanc and Sebastien Hiriart received permission from the state legislature to organize a corporation called the Agricultural Society of Baton Rouge.
Robertson had two brothers with political legacies: United States Representative John Robertson and Wyndham Robertson, a Governor of Virginia. Robertson Street in New Orleans is named for the former Governor.
- Thomas B. Robertson at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Thomas B. Robertson at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- State of Louisiana - Biography
- Thomas B. Robertson at Find a Grave
- Cemetery Memorial by La-Cemeteries
|United States House of Representatives|
Julien de Lallande Poydras,
delegate from the Territory of Orleans
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Louisiana's at-large congressional district
April 30, 1812 – April 20, 1818
Louis Moreau de Liset
|Attorney General of Louisiana
|Governor of Louisiana
Henry S. Thibodaux