Thomas Belasyse, 1st Earl Fauconberg

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Thomas Belasyse
Thomas Belasyse, aged 24, by M D Hout.jpg
Thomas Belasyse, aged 24, later 1st Earl Fauconberg (1627-1700)
Born 1627
Died 31 December 1700(1700-12-31)
Title 1st Earl Fauconberg
Tenure 9 April 1689 - 31 December 1700
Nationality British

Thomas Belasyse, 1st Earl Fauconberg PC (c. 1627 – 31 December 1700) was an English peer.[1] He supported the Parliamentary cause in the English Civil War drawing close to Oliver Cromwell and married Cromwell's third daughter Mary. After the Restoration of the monarchy he was a member of the Privy Council to Charles II and was elevated to an earldom by William III.

Biography[edit]

Belasyse was the only son of Henry Belasyse who was the eldest son of Thomas Belasyse, 1st Viscount Fauconberg.[2] Unlike his Royalist father and grandfather, he supported Parliament in the English Civil War, and subsequently became a strong adherent of Oliver Cromwell, whose third daughter, Mary, he married in 1657. His father died in 1647 and he succeeded his grandfather to the viscounty of Fauconberg in the Bishopric of Durham in 1652.[3]

Belasyse again became a Royalist at the Restoration of the monarchy, and was appointed a member of the privy council of Charles II, captain of the guard (in which office he succeeded his uncle Lord Belasyse), and ambassador in Venice. He was Lord Lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire (1660–1692). He was one of the noblemen who joined in inviting William of Orange to England, and was by that king raised on 9 April 1689 to the rank of Earl.[3]

Fauconberg died in 1700.[4][5] He had no children and on his death, the earldom became extinct, but his viscountcy passed to his nephew, Thomas Belasyse, 3rd Viscount Fauconberg.

Family[edit]

The Earl Fauconberg.

On 3 July 1651 Fauconberg married Mildred, daughter of Nicholas Saunderson, 2nd Viscount Castleton. She died 8 May 1656.[6] On 18 November 1657, he married Mary Cromwell, the third daughter of Oliver Cromwell.[7] She outlived her husband by thirteen years dying on 14 March 1713.[8]

Bibliography[edit]

While he was in Italy, Fauconberg translated and published the Histoire du gouvernement de Venise, by Abraham Nicolas Amelot de la Houssaye.[9]

See also[edit]

  • Green Ribbon Club A post restoration political club which Fauconberg was a member. The 'Green Ribbon' was the badge of The Levellers in the English Civil Wars in which many of the members had fought and was an overt reminder of their radical origins.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Also referred to as "Lord Falconbridge" in some sources (Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, "Abraham Nicolas Amelot de la Houssaye" )
  2. ^ Nicolas, p. 185
  3. ^ a b Keary 1885.
  4. ^ Keary, p. 142 Cites Forster's County Families of Yorkshire, and Collins's Peerage.
  5. ^ Dictionary of National Biography, Errata (1904). p. 21
  6. ^ University of London, Institute of Historical Research. Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research, Volume 4, Longmans, Green, 1926. p. 26
  7. ^ Sherwood p. 115
  8. ^ Grant p .8
  9. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, "Abraham Nicolas Amelot de la Houssaye"
Attributionn

Sources[edit]

  • Grant, Peter, "Belasyse [née Cromwell], Mary, Countess Fauconberg (bap. 1637, d. 1713)", Oxford University Press 2004–2008, Bellasis family 1500-1653, page 7. Website of Ingilby History, Retrieved 5 March 2010
  • Nicolas, Sir Nicholas Harris & Courthope, William. The historic peerage of England: exhibiting, under alphabetical arrangement, the origin, descent, and present state of every title of peerage which has existed in this country since the Conquest ; being a new edition of the "Synopsis of the Peerage of England", John Murray, 1857
  • Sherwood, Roy Edward (1997). Oliver Cromwell: king in all but name, 1653-1658. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-17659-7. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Honorary titles
English Interregnum Lord Lieutenant of Durham
1660–1661
Succeeded by
John Cosin
Lord Lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire
1660–1687
Succeeded by
The Viscount Fairfax of Emley
Custos Rotulorum of the North Riding of Yorkshire
1660–1700
Succeeded by
The Earl of Burlington
Preceded by
The Lord Belasyse
Captain of the Gentleman Pensioners
1672–1676
Succeeded by
The Earl of Roscommon
Preceded by
The Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Lord Lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire
1689–1692
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Carmarthen
Peerage of England
New title Earl Fauconberg
1689–1700
Extinct
Preceded by
Thomas Belasyse
Viscount Fauconberg
1652–1700
Succeeded by
Thomas Belasyse