Thomas Boyd, Earl of Arran

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Thomas Boyd, Earl of Arran (died c. 1473) was a Scottish nobleman.

Thomas was the son of Robert, 1st Lord Boyd, who was a regent during the minority of James III. His father was able to have Thomas created Earl of Arran and Baron Kilmarnock in the Peerage of Scotland and arrange Thomas' marriage to Princess Mary, sister of James III in 1467.[1] The marriage was unpopular, especially after the Boyds were convicted of treason for abducting James and Mary and establishing the regency.

While Robert and Thomas Boyd were out of the country negotiating the cession of Orkney to Scotland and the king's marriage to Margaret of Denmark, the regency was overthrown, and they were attainted for high treason in 1469. However, Thomas fulfilled his mission, that of bringing the king's bride, Margaret, to Scotland, and then, warned by his wife, escaped to the continent of Europe. He is mentioned very eulogistically in one of the Paston Letters, but practically nothing is known of his subsequent history.[1] He probably died at Antwerp between 1471 and 1473.[2][3]

Family[edit]

Thomas Boyd was contracted, 20 January 1465, to Marion, youngest daughter of Gilbert, 1st Lord Kennedy, but this marriage does not appear to have taken place. After his first marriage to Lady Elizabeth Montgomerie, daughter of Alexander Montgomerie, 1st Lord Montgomerie and before 26 April 1467, he married the Princess Mary, eldest daughter of King James II of Scotland. When she returned to Scotland is not known, but as she is said to have been greatly attached to her husband it is supposed that she returned in hopes of obtaining a pardon from her brother. She was, however, confined at Kilmarnock, and the Earl, her husband, summoned to appear within sixty days, which he failing to do, his marriage with the King's sister was declared null and void, and she was compelled to marry James, Lord Hamilton.[4]

According to Ferrerius, Buchanan, and other old historians, this took place in 1469, but the correct date was probably February or March 1474. She died apparently about Whitsuntide 1488, having had a son and daughter by both husbands. The Earl of Arran's children, who are both said to have been born abroad, were:[4]

  • James, 2nd Lord Boyd
  • Grisel or Margaret (She is called Grizel in the pedigrees, but appears as Margaret in the Registers of the Great Seal, and in the Papal Dispensation, etc.). She was born between 1468 and 1473, and was married, first, to Alexander, 4th Lord Forbes, who died s.p. before 16 May 1491; and secondly, as the second wife, before 9 August 1509, to David (Kennedy), third Lord Kennedy, then created Earl of Cassillis, who died s.p. by her, at Flodden, 9 September 1513.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hugh 1911, p. 353.
  2. ^ Boyd Jr. 1924, p. 31.
  3. ^ Balfour 1904, p. 148.
  4. ^ a b c Balfour 1904, pp. 148,149.

References[edit]

Attribution
  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Boyd, Robert Boyd". Encyclopædia Britannica 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 353,354. 
  • This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Balfour, Paul, James (1904). The Scots peerage; founded on Wood's edition of Sir Robert Douglas's peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom 5. Edinburgh: D. Douglas. pp. 148,149. 
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
New Creation
Earl of Arran
1467–1472
Succeeded by
Forfeit