Thomas Butler, 7th Earl of Ormond

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For other people named Thomas Butler, see Thomas Butler (disambiguation).
Thomas Butler, 7th Earl of Ormond
Spouse(s) Anne Hankford
Lora Berkeley

Issue

Anne Butler
Margaret Butler
Elizabeth Butler
Father James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond
Mother Joan de Beauchamp
Died 3 August 1515
Buried Mercers' Chapel, St Thomas of Acre, London

Thomas Butler, 7th Earl of Ormond, P.C. (died 3 August 1515) was the youngest son of James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond. He was attainted, but restored by Henry VII' s first Parliament in November 1485, and the statutes made at Westminster, by Edward IV, which declared him and his brothers traitors, were abrogated.

Family[edit]

Arms of Butler, Earl of Ormond: Gules, three covered cups or[1]
Bench end in Monkleigh Church, Devon (parish church of Annery) showing the Ormonde knot and arms of Butler: Gules, three covered cups or,[2] both displayed on escutcheons within Gothic cusped lancet arches

Thomas Butler was the third son of James Butler, 4th Earl of Ormond, by his first wife, Joan de Beauchamp (d. 3 or 5 August 1430). He had two elder brothers, James Butler, 5th Earl of Ormond, and John Butler, 6th Earl of Ormond, as well as two sisters, Elizabeth Butler, who married John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury, and Anne Butler (d. 4 January 1435), who was contracted to marry Thomas FitzGerald, 7th Earl of Desmond, although the marriage appears not to have taken place. [3]

Career[edit]

Thomas Butler, as an Irish peer, should only have sat in the Irish Parliament. However, as a personal friend of Henry VII he was summoned to the English Parliament in November 1488 as "Thomas Ormond de Rochford chevaler". At this time he was already 8th Earl of Carrick and 7th Earl of Ormond,[4] having succeeded his elder brothers James Butler, 5th Earl of Ormond and John Butler, 6th Earl of Ormond, neither of whom left legitimate issue.

He was afterwards sworn of the Privy Council of England.

He was known as The Wool Earl, due to his enormous wealth. Besides being in the possession of major lands in the Irish counties of Kilkenny and Tipperary, he owned 72 manors in England, making him one of the richest subjects in the realm.[5]

In 1509, he was appointed Lord Chamberlain to Catherine of Aragon.[6] He held this post until 1512.

Ormond died 3 August 1515, and was buried in the Mercers' Chapel St Thomas of Acre, London.[7] At his death the barony supposedly created in 1488 fell into abeyance.

Marriages and issue[edit]

He married firstly Anne Hankford (c.1431-1485), daughter and co-heiress of Sir Richard Hankford of Annery, Monkleigh, Devon, jure uxoris feudal baron of Bampton[8] (grandson of Sir William Hankford (c.1350-1423), Chief Justice of the King's Bench) by his 2nd wife Anne Montagu (d.1457), a daughter of John Montacute, 3rd Earl of Salisbury (c.1350-1400).[9] By Anne Hankford he had two daughters who inherited the Butler estates in England:

  • Anne Butler (d. 5 June 1532), heiress through her mother of Annery,[10] who married firstly Ambrose Cressacre, esquire, by whom she had no issue, and secondly Sir James St Leger (d.1509), by whom she had two sons, Sir George St Leger, and James St Leger.[11]

He married secondly Lora Berkeley (d.1501), widow successively of John Blount, 3rd Baron Mountjoy, and Sir Thomas Montgomery (d. 2 January 1495) of Faulkbourne, Essex, and daughter of Edward Berkeley (d. March 1506) of Beverston Castle, Gloucestershire, by Christian Holt (d.1468), second daughter and coheir of Richard Holt, esquire. By her first marriage to Lord Mountjoy, Lora Berkeley had two sons and two daughters.[13][14][15][16]

By his second wife, Lora Berkeley, Ormond had a daughter, Elizabeth Butler[17] (d.1510).[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Butler dynasty

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.864
  2. ^ Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.864, Butler, Earl & Marquess of Ormonde
  3. ^ Richardson I 2011, pp. 380-3.
  4. ^ Henry VII By Stanley Bertram Chrimes, p. 138
  5. ^ Marie Louise Bruce, Anne Boleyn, p. 11
  6. ^ Antonia Fraser, The Wives of Henry VIII, pp. 59, 117
  7. ^ Richardson 2011, p. 383.
  8. ^ Risdon, Tristram (d.1640), Survey of Devon, 1811 edition, London, 1811, with 1810 Additions, p.64
  9. ^ Prince, John, (1643–1723) The Worthies of Devon, 1810 edition, p.462, biography of Sir William Hankford
  10. ^ Prince, p.462
  11. ^ Richardson I 2011, p. 384.
  12. ^ Richardson I 2011, p. 385.
  13. ^ Cokayne 1936, p. 338.
  14. ^ Horrox 2004.
  15. ^ Nicols 1891, p. 192.
  16. ^ Burke 1866, p. 55.
  17. ^ Richardson 2011, p. 385.

References[edit]

  1. Marie Louise Bruce, Anne Boleyn, p. 11
  2. Antonia Fraser, The Wives of Henry VIII, pp. 59, 117
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
John Butler
Earl of Ormond
1478–1515
Succeeded by
Piers Butler