Thomas C. Hart

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Thomas C. Hart
Senator Thomas Charles Hart, 1945
United States Senator
from Connecticut
In office
February 15, 1945 – November 5, 1946
Preceded by Francis T. Maloney
Succeeded by Raymond E. Baldwin
Personal details
Born Thomas Charles Hart
(1877-06-12)June 12, 1877
Died July 4, 1971(1971-07-04) (aged 94)
Sharon, Connecticut
Resting place Arlington National Cemetery
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Caroline Brownson
Awards Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch Seal of the United States Department of the Navy.svg United States Navy
Years of service 1897–1945
Rank US-O10 insignia.svg Admiral
Commands USS Chicago
Submarine Division 2
Submarine Division 5
USS Mississippi
Submarine Flotilla 3
Cruiser Division 6
United States Asiatic Fleet
Battles/wars Spanish–American War

World War I
World War II

Thomas Charles Hart (June 12, 1877 – July 4, 1971) was an admiral of the United States Navy, whose service extended from the Spanish-American War through World War II. Following his retirement from the Navy, he served briefly as a United States Senator from Connecticut.

Life and career[edit]

At noon on Wednesday, 30 March 1910, Lieutenant Commander Thomas Charles Hart was married to Ms. Caroline Brownson, daughter of Rear Admiral and Mrs. Brownson. LCDR Hart was assigned inspecting the building of the new Delaware-class battleship North Dakota in which he was assigned to prior to its commissioning (Monday, 11 April 1910).[1][2] They spent their honeymoon at the newly rebuilt luxury resort "The Homestead", in Hot Springs, Bath County, Virginia.[3]

World War II[edit]

Serving in this office as its head until 1922, Hart fought doggedly to improve the lot of the submarine arm of the Navy. His tenacity was responsible for the U.S. Navy's acquisition of surrendered German U-boats after World War I to learn the details of the technical innovations incorporated in the erstwhile enemy craft. Examination and trials of these U-boats were very influential in subsequent US Navy submarine design.[4]

An unsuccessful recommendation of Hart's while on the General Board, beginning in 1936, was the building of small submarines. This was to replace the aging S-boats, R-boats, and O-boats to provide area defense of submarine bases. By 1942, it was also desired to acquire something resembling the German Type VII U-boat, based on trials of U-570, captured by the British and loaned to the US. However, only two submarines, Mackerel and Marlin, resulted from this effort.[5]

Hart successfully advocated the building of anti-aircraft light cruisers (CLAAs), which became the Atlanta class and others.[6]

He returned to the United States on 8 March 1942.[7] President Roosevelt presented Hart with a Gold Star in lieu of a second Distinguished Service Medal in July 1942 for "His conduct of the operations of the Allied naval forces in the Southwest Pacific area during January and February, 1942, was characterized by unfailing judgment and sound decision, coupled with marked moral courage, in the face of discouraging surroundings and complex associations."[8]


His daughter, Harriet Taft Hart, was the wife of Francis B. Sayre, Jr., who was the son of President Woodrow Wilson's daughter Jessie Woodrow Wilson Sayre.[9]

Further reading[edit]

  • Hart, Thomas (2013). War in the Pacific: The Classified Report of Admiral Thomas C. Hart. Clarion Publishing. ISBN 978-0988714571. 

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Oakland Tribune (Sunday morning edition, 27 March 1910, page 4, column 1, section - "Washington Society News and Gossip")
  2. ^ The Washington Post (Thursday edition, 31 March 1910, page 7, columns 3-4, section- "Miss Brownson a Bride").
  3. ^ The Washington Post Monday edition, 11 April 1910, page 7, column 3, section - "Personal Paragraphs".
  4. ^ Friedman submarines, pp. 159-161
  5. ^ Friedman submarines, pp. 221-231
  6. ^ Friedman cruisers, pp. 228-236
  7. ^ Passenger List of Pan American Airways System - Atlantic Division, Yankee Clipper (NC 18603). From the Passenger and Crew Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, New York, 1897-1957 (National Archives Microfilm Publication Year: 1942; Microfilm serial: T715; Microfilm roll: T715_6613; Line: 1).
  8. ^ TIME June 01, 1942
  9. ^ Julia Wells. Born in the White House, Pastor to All, Very Rev. Francis B. Sayre Jr. Dies at 93

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Samuel S. Robison
Superintendent of United States Naval Academy
Succeeded by
David F. Sellers
Preceded by
Harry E. Yarnell
Commander-in-Chief, United States Asiatic Fleet
25 July 1939–14 February 1942
Succeeded by
United States Senate
Preceded by
Francis Maloney
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Connecticut
February 15, 1945 – November 5, 1946
Served alongside: Brien McMahon
Succeeded by
Raymond Baldwin