Thomas C. Hart
|Thomas C. Hart|
|United States Senator
February 15, 1945 – November 5, 1946
|Preceded by||Francis T. Maloney|
|Succeeded by||Raymond E. Baldwin|
|Born||Thomas Charles Hart
June 12, 1877
|Died||July 4, 1971
|Resting place||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Awards||Distinguished Service Medal (2)|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1897–1945|
Submarine Division 2
Submarine Division 5
Submarine Flotilla 3
Cruiser Division 6
United States Asiatic Fleet
Thomas Charles Hart (June 12, 1877 – July 4, 1971) was an admiral of the United States Navy, whose service extended from the Spanish-American War through World War II. Following his retirement from the Navy, he served briefly as a United States Senator from Connecticut.
Life and career
At noon on Wednesday, 30 March 1910, Lieutenant Commander Thomas Charles Hart was married to Ms. Caroline Brownson, daughter of Rear Admiral and Mrs. Brownson. LCDR Hart was assigned inspecting the building of the new Delaware-class battleship North Dakota in which he was assigned to prior to its commissioning (Monday, 11 April 1910). They spent their honeymoon at the newly rebuilt luxury resort "The Homestead", in Hot Springs, Bath County, Virginia.
World War II
Serving in this office as its head until 1922, Hart fought doggedly to improve the lot of the submarine arm of the Navy. His tenacity was responsible for the U.S. Navy's acquisition of surrendered German U-boats after World War I to learn the details of the technical innovations incorporated in the erstwhile enemy craft. Examination and trials of these U-boats were very influential in subsequent US Navy submarine design.
An unsuccessful recommendation of Hart's while on the General Board, beginning in 1936, was the building of small submarines. This was to replace the aging S-boats, R-boats, and O-boats to provide area defense of submarine bases. By 1942, it was also desired to acquire something resembling the German Type VII U-boat, based on trials of U-570, captured by the British and loaned to the US. However, only two submarines, Mackerel and Marlin, resulted from this effort.
He returned to the United States on 8 March 1942. President Roosevelt presented Hart with a Gold Star in lieu of a second Distinguished Service Medal in July 1942 for "His conduct of the operations of the Allied naval forces in the Southwest Pacific area during January and February, 1942, was characterized by unfailing judgment and sound decision, coupled with marked moral courage, in the face of discouraging surroundings and complex associations."
- Hart, Thomas (2013). War in the Pacific: The Classified Report of Admiral Thomas C. Hart. Clarion Publishing. ISBN 978-0988714571.
- List of Superintendents of the United States Naval Academy
- List of United States Senators from Connecticut
- Oakland Tribune (Sunday morning edition, 27 March 1910, page 4, column 1, section - "Washington Society News and Gossip")
- The Washington Post (Thursday edition, 31 March 1910, page 7, columns 3-4, section- "Miss Brownson a Bride").
- The Washington Post Monday edition, 11 April 1910, page 7, column 3, section - "Personal Paragraphs".
- Friedman submarines, pp. 159-161
- Friedman submarines, pp. 221-231
- Friedman cruisers, pp. 228-236
- Passenger List of Pan American Airways System - Atlantic Division, Yankee Clipper (NC 18603). From the Passenger and Crew Lists of Vessels Arriving at New York, New York, 1897-1957 (National Archives Microfilm Publication Year: 1942; Microfilm serial: T715; Microfilm roll: T715_6613; Line: 1).
- TIME June 01, 1942
- Julia Wells. Born in the White House, Pastor to All, Very Rev. Francis B. Sayre Jr. Dies at 93
- Friedman, Norman US Submarines through 1945: An Illustrated Design History, Naval Institute Press, Annapolis:1995, ISBN 1-55750-263-3.
- Friedman, Norman US Cruisers: An Illustrated Design History, Naval Institute Press, Annapolis:1984, ISBN 0-87021-718-6.
- Alden, John D., Commander, USN (retired). The Fleet Submarine in the U.S. Navy, Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1979, ISBN 0-87021-187-0.
- This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress: Thomas Charles Hart
- ibiblio.org - Proceedings of the Hart Inquiry, on the Pearl Harbor Attack
- Proceedings of Pearl Harbor investigations including the Hart Inquiry
- arlingtoncemetery.net : Thomas Charles Hart
Samuel S. Robison
|Superintendent of United States Naval Academy
David F. Sellers
Harry E. Yarnell
|Commander-in-Chief, United States Asiatic Fleet
25 July 1939–14 February 1942
|United States Senate|
|U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Connecticut
February 15, 1945 – November 5, 1946
Served alongside: Brien McMahon