Thomas Catto, 1st Baron Catto

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Catto
CBE PC
Governor of the Bank of England
In office
1944–1949
Preceded by Sir Montagu Collet Norman
Succeeded by Cameron Cobbold
Personal details
Born Thomas Sivewright Catto
(1879-03-15)15 March 1879
Newcastle upon Tyne, England
Died 23 August 1959(1959-08-23) (aged 80)
Holmbury St Mary, Surrey, England
Nationality British
Profession Merchant, banker

Thomas Sivewright Catto, 1st Baron Catto CBE PC (15 March 1879 – 23 August 1959) was a Scottish businessman and later Governor of the Bank of England.

Early life and education[edit]

Catto was born in Newcastle upon Tyne, to William and Isabella Catto. His father, a shipwright, had moved to Newcastle to find work, but died less than a year after Thomas was born and the family returned to their hometown of Peterhead, Aberdeenshire. They later moved back to Newcastle and Catto won a scholarship to Heaton School (later Rutherford College of Technology).

Shipping[edit]

At the age of fifteen, Catto joined the Gordon Steam Shipping Company as a clerk. In 1898 he became secretary to William Horwood Stuart, managing partner of F. A. Mattievich & Co, based in Batumi and Baku, Russia.

In 1904 he was offered the management of the new London office of MacAndrews & Forbes, an American firm with interests in the East, one of whose partners was David Forbes, a fellow Scot with whom he had become friendly in Baku. Catto became a member of the Baltic Exchange. In 1906 he went to Smyrna as Forbes's deputy and travelled extensively in the Near East and Middle East. In 1909 he became a vice-president of the company at their New York office.

First World War[edit]

Too short to serve in the armed forces during the First World War, he instead became involved in the transport of supplies to Russia and then served as the British Admiralty representative on the Russian Commission to the United States from 1915 to 1917. From 1917 to 1918 he served on the British Food Mission in the United States and in 1918 he was appointed chairman of the Allied Provisions Commission and head of the British Ministry of Food in North America.

Inter-war years[edit]

He did not return to McAndrews & Forbes after the war; instead, in 1919, he became chairman of the vast Andrew Yule and Company Ltd. of Calcutta, succeeding Sir David Yule. This is now a private company 93.26% owned by the Government of India. Catto and Yule also formed Yule Catto & Company Ltd, which is now known as Yule Catto & Co plc and is listed on the London Stock Exchange.

In 1928 he returned to London as a partner in the investment bank Morgan, Grenfell & Co., remaining chairman of Andrew Yule & Co and Yule Catto & Co until 1940.

Second World War and later life[edit]

In April 1940 he was appointed Director-General of Equipment and Stores at the Ministry of Supply and a Director of the Bank of England. In July 1941 he moved to become Financial Adviser to the Treasury. In April 1944 he was elected Governor of the Bank of England and served until February 1949, and overseeing the nationalisation of the bank.

He suffered from Parkinson's disease and died in Holmbury St Mary, Surrey in 1959. His son Stephen succeeded to his title.

Honours[edit]

For his services in the First World War, Catto was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 1918[1] and created a baronet in the 1921 Birthday Honours.[2] He was created Baron Catto, of Cairncatto, in 1936[3] and appointed to the Privy Council in 1947.[4]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 30460. p. 368. 4 January 1918. Retrieved 26 November 2009.
  2. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 32346. p. 4530. 4 June 1921. Retrieved 26 November 2009.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 34259. p. 1233. 25 February 1936. Retrieved 26 November 2009.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 37977. p. 2571. 6 June 1947. Retrieved 26 November 2009.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Mongagu Collet Norman
Governor of the Bank of England
1944–1949
Succeeded by
Cameron Cobbold
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Catto
1936–1959
Succeeded by
Stephen Gordon Catto
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Cairncatto) 
1921–1959
Succeeded by
Stephen Gordon Catto