Thomas Charlton (bishop)

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Thomas Charlton
Bishop of Hereford
Church Catholic
See Diocese of Hereford
In office 1327–1344
Predecessor Adam Orleton
Successor John Trilleck
Personal details
Died 11 January 1344

Thomas Charlton (died 11 January 1344)[1] was Bishop of Hereford, Lord High Treasurer of England, Lord Privy Seal, and Lord Chancellor of Ireland. He is buried in Hereford Cathedral in Hereford, Herefordshire, England.

Family[edit]

He was born near Wellington, Shropshire, son of Robert de Charleton of Apley, a small landowner. Thomas' eldest brother was John Charleton, 1st Baron Cherleton, who became a statesman of some importance. Both brothers were in the household of Edward II, and Thomas received numerous ecclesiastical preferments.

Appointments[edit]

Charlton was Lord Privy Seal from 1316 to 1320.[2]

Charlton was nominated to be Bishop of Hereford on 25 September 1327 and consecrated on 18 October 1327.[1]

In Ireland[edit]

In 1337 his brother John was appointed Justiciar of Ireland, and Thomas accompanied him as Chancellor. He was charged by the English Crown to inquire into the perceived inadequacy and corruption of the Irish courts of common law and was authorised to remove the Irish judges and appoint English replacements. His mission does not seem to have been a success, as the existing judges fought off attempts to replace them. John resigned as justiciar in 1338, following a dispute, and Thomas moved from the Chancellorship to the position of custos rotulorum for Ireland.

Charlton was also Lord High Treasurer from 2 July 1328 until 16 September 1329.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Fryde Handbook of British Chronology p. 250
  2. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 93
  3. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 105

References[edit]

  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Roger Northburgh
Lord Privy Seal
1316–1320
Succeeded by
Robert Baldock
Preceded by
Henry Burghersh
Lord High Treasurer
1328–1329
Succeeded by
Robert Wodehouse
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Adam Orleton
Bishop of Hereford
1327–1344
Succeeded by
John Trilleck