Thomas Chittenden

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This article is about the first Governor of Vermont. For the U.S. Representative from New York, see Thomas C. Chittenden.
Thomas Chittenden
ThomasChittenden.png
Official state portrait of Governor Thomas Chittenden
1st Governor of Vermont
In office
March 4, 1791 – August 25, 1797
Lieutenant Paul Brigham
Preceded by Himself as Governor of the Vermont Republic
Succeeded by Paul Brigham
1st & 3rd Governor of Vermont Republic
In office
1790–1791
Lieutenant Peter Olcott
Preceded by Moses Robinson
Succeeded by Himself as Governor of the State of Vermont
In office
1778–1789
Lieutenant Joseph Marsh
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Moses Robinson
Personal details
Born (1730-01-06)January 6, 1730
East Guilford, Connecticut
Died August 25, 1797(1797-08-25) (aged 67)
Williston, Vermont
Political party None
Signature

Thomas Chittenden (January 6, 1730 – August 25, 1797) was an important figure in the founding of Vermont, as the President of the Vermont Republic and the first Governor of the state of Vermont.

Biography[edit]

Chittenden was born in East Guilford, Connecticut, married Elizabeth Meigs on October 4, 1749, in Salisbury, Connecticut. The couple had four sons and six daughters while they were living in Connecticut. All the children survived to adulthood. He was justice of the peace in Salisbury and a member of the Colonial Assembly from 1765 to 1769. He served in Connecticut's 14th Regiment from 1767 to 1773, rising to the rank of Colonel.[1]

Career[edit]

Chittenden moved to the New Hampshire Grants, now Vermont, in 1774, where he was the first settler in the town of Williston. During the American Revolution, Chittenden was a member of a committee empowered to negotiate with the Continental Congress to allow Vermont to join the Union. The Congress deferred the matter in order to not antagonize the states of New York and New Hampshire, which had competing claims against Vermont. In 1777, a convention was held in Windsor, which drafted Vermont's first constitution, establishing Vermont as an independent republic—the first republic in North America.[2] During the period of the Vermont Republic, Chittenden served as governor from 1778 to 1789 and 1790 to 1791, and was one of the participants in a series of delicate negotiations with British authorities in Quebec over the possibility of establishing Vermont as a British Province.

After Vermont entered the federal Union in 1791 as the fourteenth state, Chittenden continued to serve as governor until 1797. He retired due to ill health.[3]

Death and legacy[edit]

Chittenden died in Williston and is interred at Thomas Chittenden Cemetery, Williston, Chittenden County, Vermont. Citing Vermont's tumultuous founding, his epitaph reads "Out of storm and manifold perils rose an enduring state, the home of freedom and unity."

An engraved portrait of Chittenden can be found just outside the entrance to the Executive Chamber, the ceremonial office of the governor, at the Vermont State House at Montpelier. A bronze sculpture of Chittenden can also be found on the grounds of the Vermont State House near the building's west entrance. In the 1990s a statue of him was erected in front of the Williston Central School. His son Martin was Governor and several sons were active in Vermont politics and the State Militia.[4] His great-grandson, Lucius E. Chittenden, served as Register of the Treasury in the Lincoln administration. The town of Chittenden in Rutland County is named for him.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Thomas Chittenden". National Governors Association. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  2. ^ "Thomas Chittenden". Find A Grave. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  3. ^ "Thomas Chittenden". National Governors Association. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  4. ^ "Thomas Chittenden". Find A Grave. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Frank Smallwood, Thomas Chittenden: Vermont's First Statesman, The New England Press : 1997, 304 S., ISBN 1-881535-27-4

External links[edit]