Thomas Cholmondeley, 1st Baron Delamere

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"Lord Delamere," etching by Henry Calvert (1798-1869). Thomas Cholmondeley astride a dappled grey hunter.

Thomas Cholmondeley, 1st Baron Delamere (/ˈʌmli/; 9 August 1767 – 30 October 1855) was a British peer and Member of Parliament.[1]

Background[edit]

Vale Royal Great House, formerly the seat of the Barons of Delamere -- sold in 1947

He was the son of Thomas Chomondeley, Member of Parliament for Cheshire. On his father's side he descended from a younger brother of Robert Cholmondeley, 1st Earl of Leinster and Hugh Cholmondeley, father of Robert Cholmondeley, 1st Viscount Cholmondeley, from whom the Marquesses of Cholmondeley descend. His mother was Dorothy Cowper.[1] Delamere was an indirect descendant of Sir Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister of Great Britain.[2]

The Cholmondeleys were long established at their seat at Vale Royal Abbey, Cheshire which had been in the family since 1615.[3]

Career[edit]

Cholmondeley served as High Sheriff of Cheshire in 1792 and then in 1796 was elected to the House of Commons for his father's old seat of Cheshire, which he retained until 1812. In 1821 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Delamere of Vale Royal in the County of Chester. The current baron, the 5th Baron Delamere, paints a picture of his early-19th century ancestor with deft, harsh strokes:

"[The 1st Baron Delamere] was an idiot who decided it would be impressive to have a peerage. He thought he had a bargain when he paid 5,000 for it. The only problem was that the going rate was 1,200. Before he came along we had been content to be shire knights in Cheshire, when William the Conqueror gave us the whole county."[4]

Family[edit]

On 17 December 1810, Cholmondeley married Henrietta Elizabeth Williams-Wynn, daughter of Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn, 4th Baronet, and Charlotte Grenville.[1] That union produced six children and numerous grandchildren:

  • Hugh (3 October 1811 – 1 August 1887)[1] married Sarah Hay-Drummund, and later married Augusta Emily Seymour.[5]
  • Thomas (4 January 1817 – 10 August 1817)[1]
  • Thomas Grenville (4 August 1818 – 9 February 1883)[1] married Katherine Lucy Sykes, and later married Violet Maud Parker
  • Henry Pitt (15 June 1820 – 14 April 1905)[1] married Mary Leigh
  • Francis Grenville (1850–1937).[5]
  • Lionel Berners (1858–1945).[5]
  • Edward Chandos (1860–1957).[5]
  • Henry Reginald (1862–1947).[5]
  • Charles Fiennes (1863–1959).[5]
  • Alice Margarette (18__–1937).[5]
  • Mary Louisa (18__–1947).[5]
  • Rose Evelyn (18__ –1907).[5]
  • Eleanor Caroline (18__–1947).[5]
  • Henrietta Charlotte (3 June 1823 – 13 August 1874).[1]
  • Charles Watkin Neville (27 May 1826 – 18 March 1844).[1]—unmarried

Although history accords primary attention to the eldest male who becomes heir to the Delamere title, it is worth noting that other Cholmondeley progeny were not undistinguished. For example, the marriage of the baron's third son, Henry, produced nine grandchildren; and of these, Lionel would become chaplain to the British Embassy in Tokyo[6] and would write the first English-language history of the isolated Bonin Islands, including notes of changes which evolved after annexation by Meiji Japan in 1875.[7]

Cholmondeley died at age 88 in October 1855. He was succeeded in the land, estates and title by his eldest son Hugh Cholmondeley.[1]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Lundy, Darryl. "1st Baron Delamere, ID #29417". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  2. ^ Hayden, Joseph. (1851). The book of dignities, pp. 527, 565.
  3. ^ Holland, G.D et al. (1977). Vale Royal Abbey and House, pp. 20-32; Westair-Reproductions: Cheshire, Museum finder
  4. ^ Wright, Rupert "The Kennedys of Kenya," The Spectator (London). 11 April 1998.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j William the Conqueror database
  6. ^ Bibliography, Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands: History..., "Introduction."
  7. ^ Cholmondeley, Lionel Berners. (1915). The History of the Bonin Islands from the Year 1827 to the Year 1876. London: Constable & Co.

References[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
John Crew
Sir Robert Salusbury Cotton
Member of Parliament for Cheshire
17961801
With: John Crew
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Cheshire
18011812
With: John Crew 1801–1802
William Egerton 1802–1806
Davies Davenport 1806–1812
Succeeded by
Davies Davenport
Wilbraham Egerton
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Delamere
1821–1855
Succeeded by
Hugh Cholmondeley