Thomas Cochrane, 1st Baron Cochrane of Cults

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Cochrane of Cults
DL, JP
Under-Secretary of State
for the Home Department
In office
11 August 1902 – 4 December 1905
Monarch Edward VII
Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
Preceded by Jesse Collings
Succeeded by Herbert Samuel
Personal details
Born 2 April 1857 (1857-04-02)
Died 17 January 1951 (1951-01-18) (aged 93) (aged 93)
Nationality British
Political party Unionist
Spouse(s) Lady Gertrude Boyle
(1861–1950)

Thomas Horatio Arthur Ernest Cochrane, 1st Baron Cochrane of Cults DL, JP (2 April 1857 – 17 January 1951) was a Scottish soldier and Unionist politician. He was Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department under Arthur Balfour between 1902 and 1905.

Background and education[edit]

Cochrane was the second son of Thomas Cochrane, 11th Earl of Dundonald, and Louisa Harriet, daughter of William Mackinnon, and the younger brother of Douglas Cochrane, 12th Earl of Dundonald. He was educated at Eton.[1]

Military career[edit]

Cochrane was an honorary lieutenant colonel of the 4th Battalion Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, and served in the 93rd Highlanders and the Scots Guards. He served in the Second Boer War, where he was Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General. He was also a lieutenant colonel of the 2/7 Black Watch from 1914 to 1917.[1]

Political career[edit]

Cochrane sat as Unionist Member of Parliament for North Ayrshire from 1892 to 1910.[1][2][3] He was Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Colonial Secretary Joseph Chamberlain from 1895 to 1901 and served in Arthur Balfour's Unionist administration as Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department from 1902 to 1905.[2] In 1919 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Cochrane of Cults, of Crawford Priory in the County of Fife.[4]

Lord Cochrane of Cults was also a Deputy Lieutenant and Justice of the Peace for Fife. In 1934 he was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Law from the University of St Andrews.[1]

Family[edit]

Lord Cochrane of Cults married Lady Gertrude, daughter of George Boyle, 6th Earl of Glasgow, in 1880. They had four sons and four daughters, of whom one son and two daughters predeceased their parents. Their second and third sons respectively, Sir Archibald Cochrane and Air Chief Marshal Sir Ralph Cochrane, both gained distinction. Lady Cochrane of Cults was appointed an OBE in 1920. She died in December 1950, aged 89. Lord Cochrane of Cults only survived her by a month and died in January 1951, aged 93. He was succeeded in the barony by his eldest son Major the Hon. Thomas Cochrane.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e thepeerage.com Lt.-Col. Thomas Horatio Arthur Ernest Cochrane, 1st Baron Cochrane of Cults
  2. ^ a b Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
  3. ^ leighrayment.com House of Commons: Arundel to Ayrshire South
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 31348. p. 6247. 20 May 1919.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Hon. Hugh Elliot
Member of Parliament for North Ayrshire
18921910
Succeeded by
Andrew Macbeth Anderson
Political offices
Preceded by
Jesse Collings
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
1902–1905
Succeeded by
Herbert Samuel
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
(new creation)
Baron Cochrane of Cults
1919–1951
Succeeded by
Thomas George Frederick Cochrane