|Cardinal Archbishop of Colombo (emeritus)|
|Archdiocese||Colombo, Sri Lanka|
|Installed||26 July 1947|
|Term ended||02 September 1976|
|Predecessor||Jean-Marie Masson, OMI|
|Other posts||Coadjutor Archbishop of Colombo and Titular Bishop of Preslavus (1945–1947)|
|Ordination||23 June 1929 (Priest)|
|Consecration||14 December 1945(Bishop)|
|Created Cardinal||22 February 1965|
|Rank||Cardinal-Priest of Santi Nereo e Achilleo (emeritus)|
|Born||December 28, 1901
|Died||29 October 1988
Colombo, Sri Lanka
|Buried||Basilica of Our Lady of Lanka|
|Denomination||Roman Catholic Church|
Thomas Benjamin Cooray, OMI (December 28, 1901 – October 29, 1988) was a Sri Lankan cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Colombo from 1947 to 1976, and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1965.
Thomas Cooray was born to a poor but religious family in Negombo, and attended St. Aloysius Seminary in Borella, and St. Joseph's College and University College in Colombo before going to Rome, where he studied at the Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas (Angelicum), obtaining a doctorate in philosophy summa cum laude. After entering the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, he was ordained to the priesthood on June 23, 1929. Finishing his Roman studies in 1931, he then did pastoral work in Colombo until 1945, whilst teaching at St. Joseph's College and serving as a university chaplain. He also became rector of the Oblate seminary in Sri Lanka.
On December 14, 1945, Cooray was appointed Coadjutor Archbishop of Colombo and Titular Archbishop of Preslavus by Pope Pius XII. He received his episcopal consecration on March 7, 1946 from Archbishop Leo Kierkels, with Bishops Edmund Peiris, OMI, and Bernardo Regno, OSB, serving as co-consecrators. Cooray succeeded the late Jean-Marie Masson, OMI, as Archbishop of Colombo on July 26, 1947, becoming the first local-born head of the see. During his tenure as Archbishop, he "favored a respectful dialogue with the Buddhists and with other Christians". From 1962 to 1965, he attended the Second Vatican Council, at which he supported the Coetus Internationalis Patrum.
Pope Paul VI created him Cardinal Priest of Santi Nereo e Achilleo in the consistory of February 22, 1965. Cooray, the first Sri Lankan member of the College of Cardinals, resigned as Colombo's archbishop on September 2, 1976, after a period of twenty-nine years. He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the conclaves of August and October 1978, which selected Popes John Paul I and John Paul II respectively, and the first Sri Lankan to participate in the election of a Pope.
Whenever he came to his native town, he would visit his mother's grave.
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
- New York Times. Thomas B. Cooray, Cardinal, 86 November 1, 1988
- SSPXAsia. Some Historical Landmarks in the History of the Catholic Church in Sri Lanka
- St. Lucia's Cathedral
- Official Website of the Government of Sri Lanka
- Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church
|Catholic Church titles|
Jean-Marie Masson, OMI
|Archbishop of Colombo