Thomas Francis Hickey (general)

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Thomas Francis Hickey
T.f. hickey.jpg
Hickey as a Brigadier General during World War II
Born April 1, 1898 (1898-04)
Boston, Massachusetts
Died November 1, 1983 (1983-12) (aged 85)
Arlington, Virginia
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch Emblem of the United States Department of the Army.svg United States Army
Years of service 1916–1958
Rank US-O9 insignia.svg Lieutenant General
Commands held 42nd Division Artillery
X Corps Artillery
31st Division Artillery
82nd Airborne Division
XVIII Airborne Corps
IX Corps
Third U.S. Army
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Korean War
Awards Distinguished Service Medal
Silver Star
Legion of Merit
Bronze Star
Purple Heart
Air Medal
Other work Staff Director, Net Evaluation Subcommittee, National Security Council

Thomas Francis Hickey was a United States Army Lieutenant General.

Early Life and start of military career[edit]

Hickey was born in South Boston, Massachusetts on April 1, 1898. In 1916 he enlisted as a Private and served until 1917. He then attended officer training in Plattsburgh, afterwards receiving a commission as a Second Lieutenant of Cavalry.[1][2]

World War I[edit]

Hickey served in France during World War I as a platoon leader in the 341st and 7th Machine Gun Battalions. He participated in the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne Offensives, was wounded, and received the Purple Heart.[3][4]

Post-World War I[edit]

Hickey continued his military career after World War I, remaining in Germany as a member of the Army of Occupation until February 1922.[5] Later that year he transferred to Field Artillery.[6] In 1926 he graduated from the Field Artillery Officer Course.[7]

In 1932 he was assigned to train and advise National Guard units in the I Corps area.[8][9]

In 1938 he graduated from the Command and General Staff College.[10]

From 1940 to 1942 Hickey was an instructor at the Command and General Staff College.[11]

World War II[edit]

In 1942 Hickey was assigned as Assistant Chief of Staff of the U.S. II Corps.[12]

From 1942 to 1943 Hickey served as Chief of Staff of the XI Corps, overseeing planning and execution of its operations in the Pacific Theater.[13]

After briefly serving as commander of the 42nd Division Artillery during its stateside training in Oklahoma, Hickey was promoted to Brigadier General and assigned as commander of the X Corps Artillery, serving in the South West Pacific Theater. During the Leyte Campaign Hickey served as commander of the 31st Division Artillery.[14]

Post-World War II[edit]

Hickey was assigned as Chief of Staff for U.S. Forces Austria (USFA) in 1946.[15]

From 1950 to 1952 Hickey was commander of the 82nd Airborne Division.[16]

Hickey commanded the XVIII Airborne Corps from 1952 to 1953.[17]

Korean War[edit]

From 1953 to 1954 General Hickey commanded the IX Corps, leading the organization during the end of its occupation of the Line Missouri Main Line of Resistance and subsequent withdrawal from combat at the end of the conflict.[18][19][20]

Post-Korean War[edit]

In 1954 Hickey was appointed Deputy Commander of U.S. Forces Far East and promoted to Lieutenant General.[21] [22]

General Hickey again commanded the IX Corps from 1954 to 1955.[23]

In 1955 General Hickey was named commander of Third U.S. Army at Fort McPherson, where he remained until his 1958 retirement.[24][25]

Awards and decorations[edit]

General Hickey's decorations included several awards of the Distinguished Service Medal, including two for World War II, two Silver Stars, the Legion of Merit, the Bronze Star, the Purple Heart, and the Air Medal.[26][27][28][29]

Other[edit]

In 1958 General Hickey received an honorary doctor of laws degree from Fordham University,[30]

Other work[edit]

From 1958 to 1961 General Hickey was Staff Director for the National Security Council's Net Evaluation Subcommittee.[31][32][33] The Net Evaluation Subcommittee was established by President Dwight Eisenhower, and was charged assessing the U.S.S.R's capacity to inflict damage on the United States and U.S. overseas installations, as well as monitoring for changes that would alter those capabilities.[34]

Retirement and death[edit]

General Hickey died in November, 1983 in Arlington, Virginia.[35] He was buried in Section S, Site 83, of Arlington National Cemetery.[36]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Full List of the New Officers Appointed at Plattsburg, New York Times, November 25, 1917
  2. ^ The Plattsburger, Yearbook of the Plattsburgh Officer Training Camp, 1917, page 101
  3. ^ Waltzing Into the Cold War: the Struggle for Occupied Austria, by James Jay Carafano, 2002, page 95
  4. ^ Third U.S. Army Web Site, Commander’s Biographies, Thomas F. Hickey page
  5. ^ Third U.S. Army Web Site, Commander’s Biographies, Thomas F. Hickey page
  6. ^ Official Army Register, published by U.S. Army Adjutant General, 1922, page 1048
  7. ^ Life of the Soldier and the Airman, 1949, Volumes 35-36, page 5
  8. ^ Field Artillery Journal, January–February, 1932, page 8
  9. ^ Field Artillery Journal, January–February, 1933, page 8
  10. ^ Life of the Soldier and the Airman, 1949
  11. ^ Life of the Soldier and the Airman, 1949
  12. ^ Life of the Soldier and the Airman, 1949, Volumes 35-36, page 5
  13. ^ The amphibious Eighth, prepared and edited by the Eighth U.S. Army, 1946, page 73
  14. ^ Life of the Soldier and the Airman, 1949
  15. ^ Waltzing Into the Cold War
  16. ^ 82nd Airborne Division Pamphlet 600-2, January 2005, page 90
  17. ^ Ft. Bragg web site, XVIII Corps and Ft. Bragg Commanders page
  18. ^ United States Army Japan web site, IX Corps Commanders page
  19. ^ The National Guardsman, 1955, Volume 9, page 12
  20. ^ Korean War.com web site, Overview page
  21. ^ Gen. Hickey Appointed Deputy Far East Chief, Chicago Tribune, January 13, 1954
  22. ^ Newspaper article, Rhee Decorates Gen. Hickey, Hartford Courant, March 31, 1954
  23. ^ The National Guardsman, 1955, Volume 9, page 12
  24. ^ U.S. Government Manual, 1956, page 139
  25. ^ The National Guardsman, 1958, Volume 12, page 29
  26. ^ Military Times, Hall of Valor, Recipients of the Army Distinguished Service Medal
  27. ^ Official U.S. Army Register, published by U.S. Army Adjutant General, 1956
  28. ^ The American Catholic Who's Who, by Georgina Pell Curtis, 1960-1961, Volume 14, page 205
  29. ^ Third U.S. Army Web Site, Commander’s Biographies, Thomas F. Hickey page
  30. ^ Newspaper article, Gen. Hickey to be Cited; Fordham Will Give Ex-Head of 3d Army a Degree, New York Times, May 6, 1958
  31. ^ The National Security: Its Theory and Practice, 1945-1960, by Norman A. Graebner, 1986, page 192
  32. ^ The Cold War: National Security Policy Planning from Truman to Reagan and From Stalin to Gorbachev, Lori Lyn Bogle, 2001, page 96
  33. ^ History of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, published by U.S. Department of Defense Historical Office, 1984, Volume 5, page 316
  34. ^ Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State, National Security Council Directive 5511, Directive on a Net Evaluation Subcommittee, February 14, 1955
  35. ^ Social Security Administration (SSA) Death Master File (DMF)
  36. ^ U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs Nationwide Gravesite Locator