Thomas Galbraith, 2nd Baron Strathclyde

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Strathclyde
CH PC
Lord Strathclyde.jpg
Leader of the House of Lords
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
In office
12 May 2010 – 7 January 2013
Prime Minister David Cameron
Deputy The Lord McNally
Preceded by The Baroness Royall of Blaisdon
Succeeded by The Lord Hill of Oareford
Leader of the Opposition in the House of Lords
In office
3 December 1998 – 11 May 2010
Leader William Hague
Iain Duncan Smith
Michael Howard
David Cameron
Preceded by Viscount Cranborne
Succeeded by The Baroness Royall of Blaisdon
Chief Whip in the House of Lords
Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms
In office
20 July 1994 – 2 May 1997
Prime Minister John Major
Preceded by The Viscount Ullswater
Succeeded by The Lord Carter
Personal details
Born (1960-02-22) 22 February 1960 (age 54)
Glasgow, United Kingdom
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Jane Skinner
Children 3
Alma mater University of East Anglia (BA)

Thomas Galloway Dunlop du Roy de Blicquy Galbraith, 2nd Baron Strathclyde, CH PC, informally Tom Strathclyde (born 22 February 1960), is a British Conservative Party politician. Lord Strathclyde served in the political role of Leader of the House of Lords from the 2010 general election until January 2013 and as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, having been Leader of the Opposition in the House of Lords (1998-2010).

Early life, family[edit]

Thomas Galbraith was born in Glasgow, the son of Conservative politician The Hon. Sir Tam Galbraith, KBE and his Belgian wife Baroness Simone du Roy de Blicquy (b. 1924).[1][2] His father was MP for Glasgow Hillhead (1948–82) but died in 1982, triggering the second win at a Parliamentary election won by the SDP, in 1982 the winner was Roy Jenkins (SDP). Galbraith succeeded to the barony at the age of 25 on the death of his grandfather in 1985. His grandfather, the first Lord Strathclyde was a Minister, below the Secretary of State for Scotland.

Education[edit]

Wellington College, Berkshire

Galbraith was educated at Sussex House School, a day school in Cadogan Square, Chelsea in London and Wellington College, a co-educational independent school in Crowthorne, Berkshire, followed by the University of East Anglia, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1982. He also studied at Aix-Marseille University, and is fluent in French.

House of Lords[edit]

Strathclyde entered the House of Lords in 1986, becoming a Junior Whip in 1988, then Minister for Tourism in 1989. Between 1990 and 1992 he was Minister for Agriculture and Fisheries in the Scottish Office. He then served in the Department of the Environment and the Department of Trade and Industry before being appointed Conservatives' Chief Whip in the House of Lords in 1994, succeeding Lord Ullswater. The next year, he was sworn of the Privy Council.

In 1998 Strathclyde, along with the Conservative front bench in the Lords, threatened to tender his resignation if the party refused to accept a proposed compromise plan for reform of the Lords that had been negotiated with Labour by Lord Cranborne, the Conservatives' leader in the Lords, unbeknown to the Leader of the Opposition (in the Commons) William Hague and to his annoyance. Hague however accepted the proposals, dismissing Cranborne for the conduct in negotiations, and Strathclyde was appointed to succeed him. Under his leadership the House of Lords Act 1999 passed: under this Strathclyde was elected by other peers as one of the 92 hereditary peers to remain in the House of Lords.

He won Channel 4 Peer of the Year 2000, and Spectator Peer of the Year 2004.

When the Conservatives formed a coalition government under David Cameron in May 2010, Strathclyde became Leader of the House of Lords and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, with a seat in the Cabinet.

On 7 January 2013, Strathclyde announced that he would be stepping down as Leader of the House of Lords and resigning from the Cabinet with immediate effect to pursue a second business career.[3] He was succeeded by Lord Hill of Oareford. He was subsequently appointed a Companion of Honour (postnomial: CH) for his services to the Lords .[4]

Insignia of C.H.

Personal life[edit]

Lord Strathclyde married Jane Skinner, elder daughter of John Skinner, in 1992. They have three daughters and a son. The family lives at Westminster and at the Galbraith family estate in Mauchline, Ayrshire.

Outside interests[edit]

Lord Strathclyde is a Governor of Wellington College, Berkshire.

He is a director of Auchendrane Estates Ltd, a landowning company in Scotland. His wealth is estimated at £10m.[5][6]

He was a non-executive director on the board of Trafigura's hedge-fund arm, Galena Asset Management[year needed] until 2009.[7] Trafigura defended court actions during the 2006 Ivory Coast toxic waste dump scandal and The Guardian suggested his appointment may be an attempt to de-toxify the Dutch company globally.[8]

Styles[edit]

Arms[edit]

Arms of Thomas Galbraith, 2nd Baron Strathclyde
Crest
A Bear's Head erased Gules muzzled Argent
Escutcheon
Gules three Bears' Heads erased Argent muzzled Azure within a Bordure indented Or charged with three Mullets of the Third a Crescent of the Second for difference.
Supporters
Two Bears Gules muzzled Argent
Motto
Ab obice suavior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Strathclyde, Baron (UK, 1955), Cracroft's Peerage
  2. ^ Simone du Roy de Blicquy, GeneAll.net
  3. ^ James Landale. "BBC News - Lord Strathclyde resigns from cabinet". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-01-08. 
  4. ^ 10 Downing Street. "10 Downing Street - Appointment to the Order of the Companions of Honour". number10.gov.uk. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  5. ^ Samira Shackle, Stephanie Hegarty and George Eaton The new ruling class New Statesman 1 October 2009
  6. ^ Glen Owen The coalition of millionaires: 23 of the 29 member of the new cabinet are worth more than £1m... and the Lib Dems are just as wealthy as the Tories Mail on Sunday 23 May 2010
  7. ^ Leigh, David; Evans, Rob (17 September 2009). "Lord Strathclyde severs links with oil trader Trafigura after waste scandal". The Guardian (London). 
  8. ^ Leigh, David (16 September 2009). "Inside Trafigura: Accusations, sour deals and friends in high places". The Guardian (London). 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
The Viscount Ullswater
Chief Whip in the House of Lords
1994–1997
Succeeded by
The Lord Carter
Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms
1994–1997
Preceded by
The Baroness Royall of Blaisdon
Leader of the House of Lords
2010–2013
Succeeded by
The Lord Hill of Oareford
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
2010–2013
Party political offices
Preceded by
The Viscount Ullswater
Conservative Chief Whip in the House of Lords
1994–1998
Succeeded by
The Lord Henley
Preceded by
Viscount Cranborne
Leader of the Conservative Party in the House of Lords
1998–2013
Succeeded by
The Lord Hill of Oareford
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Thomas Galbraith
Baron Strathclyde
2nd creation
1985–present
Incumbent