Thomas Gardner

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Thomas Gardner (disambiguation).

Col. Thomas Gardner (1724 – July 3, 1775) was an American political figure and soldier.

Gardner was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He was a descendant of Thomas Gardner of Roxbury.[1] In 1755, he married Joanna Sparhawk, a member of one of Brighton's founding families.

Gardner, a political figure in Massachusetts on the eve of the Revolution, was in the forefront of those urging resistance to the King's dissolution of the General Court in 1774, following the Boston Tea Party. He was chosen to represent Cambridge in the Middlesex County Convention, called to consider measures for public safety, as well as in the First and Second provincial Congresses. In May 1775 he was elected to the Revolutionary Council of Safety.

During the spring of 1775, he was commissioned a Colonel of a regiment he had organized largely at his own expense. Gardner's rapid rise to prominence ended when he was mortally wounded at the Battle of Bunker Hill, in June 1775.[2] Lingering until July 3, 1775, Gardner was the second-highest ranking American officer killed at Bunker Hill. His funeral services were attended by General George Washington.

Places named for him include Gardner Street in Boston, Massachusetts, the Gardner Pilot Academy school, and the city of Gardner, Massachusetts,[3] in 1785.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gardner Frank A. MD: Thomas Gardner Planter and Some of his Descendants, Essex Institute, Salem, MA (1907). Text online via Internet Archive
  2. ^ Swett, S.: History of Bunker Hill Battle, With a Plan, Second Edition, Munroe and Francis, Boston (1826). Fulltext online at the Google Books Library Project
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 134.