Thomas Humphrey Cushing

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Thomas Humphrey Cushing
Born December, 1755
Pembroke, Massachusetts
Died October 19, 1822(1822-10-19)
New London, Connecticut
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1776–1784, 1791–1815
Rank Brigadier General
Commands held Adjutant General of the U.S. Army
Inspector General of the U.S. Army
Battles/wars American Revolutionary War
War of 1812

Thomas Humphrey Cushing (November, 1755 – October 19, 1822) was an officer in the Continental Army, and later the United States Army, and finally became a collector of customs for the port of New London, Connecticut.

Biography[edit]

Cushing began his military career as a sergeant in the 6th Continental Regiment in January 1776. He was commissioned a 2nd lieutenant in the 1st Massachusetts Regiment in January 1777 and was promoted to 1st Lieutenant in January 1778. He was taken prisoner in May 1781 and was later exchanged. He was breveted to the rank of Captain in September 1783. Cushing was one of the last soldiers to be discharged from the Continental Army in June 1784.

On March 4, 1791 Cushing was commissioned a Captain in the 2nd Infantry Regiment. He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the 2nd Infantry on April 1, 1802. He was promoted to Colonel of the same regiment on September 7, 1805.

Cushing served as Adjutant General of the U.S. Army from 1797 to 1798 (acting), 1800 to 1807, and 1812 to 1813. He also served as acting Inspector General of the U.S. Army from 1800 to 1807 and 1812 to 1813. Cushing was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General in 1812 and retired in June 1815.

In January 1816 Cushing was appointed collector of customs for the port of New London, Connecticut, succeeding Jedidiah Huntington. In 1817, Cushing fought a duel with Virginia congressman William J. Lewis and was saved when the bullet struck his watch. The two resolved their differences, and Lewis, stepping up to the general, said: “I congratulate you, general, on having a watch that will keep time from eternity.”

Cushing was an original member of the Society of the Cincinnati from Massachusetts and was a member of the Society from 1783 until his death in New London, Connecticut in 1822. In 1799, he commissioned artist James Peale to create a miniature portrait of himself.

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Military offices
Preceded by
Edward Butler (acting)
Adjutant General of the U. S. Army
February 27, 1797-July 19, 1798 (acting)
Succeeded by
William North
Preceded by
William North
Adjutant General of the U. S. Army
June 15, 1800-April 2, 1807
Succeeded by
Abimael Y. Nicoll (acting)
Preceded by
Alexander Macomb (acting)
Adjutant General of the U. S. Army
July 6, 1812-March 12, 1813
Succeeded by
Zebulon Pike
Preceded by
Edward Butler (acting)
Inspector General of the U.S. Army
February 27, 1797-July 18, 1798 (acting)
Succeeded by
Alexander Hamilton
Preceded by
Alexander Hamilton
Inspector General of the U.S. Army
June 15, 1800-April 2, 1807 (acting)
Succeeded by
Abimael Y. Nicoll (acting)