Thomas Hamilton, 9th Earl of Haddington

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The Right Honourable
The Earl of Haddington
KT PC
Thomas Hamilton.jpg
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
In office
1 January 1835 – 8 April 1835
Monarch William IV
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded by The Marquess Wellesley
Succeeded by The Earl of Mulgrave
First Lord of the Admiralty
In office
6 September 1841 – 8 January 1846
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded by The Earl of Minto
Succeeded by The Earl of Ellenborough
Personal details
Born 21 June 1780 (1780-06-21)
Died 1 December 1858 (1859-01)
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Spouse(s) Lady Maria Parker
(d. 1861)
Alma mater University of Edinburgh
Christ Church, Oxford

Thomas Hamilton, 9th Earl of Haddington KT PC FRS (21 June 1780 – 1 December 1858), known as Lord Binning from 1794 to 1828, was a British Conservative politician and statesman.

Background and education[edit]

Lord Haddington was the only son of Charles Hamilton, 8th Earl of Haddington and Lady Sophia, daughter of John Hope, 2nd Earl of Hopetoun. He was educated at Edinburgh University and Christ Church, Oxford. [1]

Political career[edit]

At the beginning of the 19th century, Lord Haddington was a supporter of George Canning. He was elected as a Member of Parliament for St Germans in 1802, but did not stand for re-election in 1806. In August 1814, he was appointed one of His Majesty's Commissioners for the management of the affairs in India. He served sporadically in the House of Commons until 1827 when he was elevated to the House of Lords by the new prime minister, George Canning, who had him created Baron Melros, of Tynninghame in the County of Haddington, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. He had previously been created a privy counsellor in 1814, and, in 1828, he succeeded to his family's Scottish earldom.[1]

Lord Haddington went onto vote against the Reform Bill in 1831, but later changed his mind and voted for it in 1832, possibly due to the political crises surrounding its passage. Upon the rise of Sir Robert Peel to the premiership in 1834, Lord Haddington was made Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, however the government collapsed within six months, and the Whigs were once again in power. Lord Haddington was able to return to government in 1841 with the return of Sir Robert Peel to the premiership - he declined the post of Governor General of India, instead opting to become First Lord of the Admiralty and a member of the Cabinet. He held that post until January 1846, when he was shuffled to become Lord Privy Seal, a post he held until the death of the government in July.[1]

Lord Binning’s family were related to the Stanhopes and staunch supporters of Pitt’s administration. Being, as the eldest son of a Scots peer, ineligible for a seat in Scotland, he was provided with an English seat in 1802 ‘under the peculiar protection of Mr Pitt’, by Pitt’s sister’s father-in-law, Lord Eliot.

As might have been expected, Binning followed Pitt’s line in his first Parliament, voting with him for the orders of the day, 3 June 1803, against Addington, 7 Mar., 13 and 16 Apr. (though on 15 Mar. he did not divide on Pitt’s motion on the navy) and also for Fox’s and Pitt’s defence motions which brought down Addington, 23 and 25 April 1804. He went on to support Pitt’s second administration and voted against the censure of Melville, 8 Apr. 1805. He was on the committee which investigated the 11th naval report. After Pitt’s death he was one of the Pittite group led by Canning, Sturges Bourne and George Rose which held fortnightly dinners at White’s, and became a steward of the Pitt Club. He voted against the Grenville ministry on Ellenborough’s seat in the cabinet, 3 March 1806, and against the repeal of Pitt’s Additional Force Act, 30 April. On 26 June, he asked why Scotland was excluded from the training bill; on 3 July, when he was teller against the bill, he was put down by the lord advocate who asked him why he wished to extend to Scotland a bill that his fellow oppositionists had been abusing for weeks; but promised to bring in a separate bill for Scotland.

Binning found no seat in 1806, though his friend Huskisson reported that he wished Binning’s father had allowed him to contest Dover, where he might have got in at modest expense. Melville secured an opening for him from Viscount Lowther on a vacancy at Cockermouth in January 1807: Melville had suggested that Binning might come in for Haslemere on the same interest instead of Viscount Garlies, when the latter succeeded to the title in November 1806, but Binning had to wait for the next vacancy. Cockermouth was only available to him for another year, so at the general election of 1807, he found another seat on Lord Clinton’s interest at Callington, through their mutual uncle Francis Drake.

Family[edit]

Lord Haddington married Lady Maria Parker, heir of George Parker, 4th Earl of Macclesfield, in 1802. They had no surviving children and the Earl died in December 1858, aged 78. On his death the barony of Melros became extinct while he was succeeded in the remaining titles by his second cousin, George Baillie-Hamilton. Lady Haddington died in 1861.[1]

In 1828 he commissioned William Burn to remodel the family seat of Tyninghame House, which passed with the earldom to Baillie-Hamilton.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

 Barker, George Fisher Russell (1890). "Hamilton, Thomas (1780-1858)". In Stephen, Leslie; Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography 24. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Lord Grey
Hon. William Eliot
Member of Parliament for St Germans
1802–1806
With: James Langham
Succeeded by
Sir Joseph Yorke
Matthew Montagu
Preceded by
James Graham
John Lowther
Member of Parliament for Cockermouth
1807
With: James Graham
Succeeded by
James Graham
John Lowther
Preceded by
William Wickham
William Garrow
Member of Parliament for Callington
1807–1812
With: Thomas Carter 1807-1810
William Stephen Poyntz 1810-1812
Succeeded by
William Stephen Poyntz
Sir John Rogers, Bt
Preceded by
Charles Trelawny-Brereton
Hon. Edward Law
Member of Parliament for Mitchell (or St Michael's)
1814–1818
With: Hon. Edward Law
Succeeded by
Sir George Staunton, Bt
William Leake
Preceded by
James Barnett
Sir Thomas Thompson, Bt
Member of Parliament for Rochester
1818–1826
With: James Barnett 1818-1820
Ralph Bernal 1820-1826
Succeeded by
Ralph Bernal
Henry Dundas
Preceded by
Sir Peter Pole, Bt
Theodore Broadhead
Member of Parliament for Yarmouth (Isle of Wight)
1826–1827
With: Joseph Phillimore
Succeeded by
Joseph Phillimore
Thomas Wallace
Political offices
Preceded by
The Marquess Wellesley
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1834–1835
Succeeded by
The Earl of Mulgrave
Preceded by
The Earl of Minto
First Lord of the Admiralty
1841–1846
Succeeded by
The Earl of Ellenborough
Preceded by
The Duke of Buccleuch
Lord Privy Seal
1846
Succeeded by
The Earl of Minto
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Charles Hamilton
Earl of Haddington
1828–1858
Succeeded by
George Baillie-Hamilton
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Melros
1827–1858
Title Extinct