Thomas Hawley House
Thomas Hawley House
Thomas Hawley House
|Location||514 Purdy Hill Rd., Monroe, Connecticut|
|Architectural style||Saltbox Colonial|
|NRHP Reference #||
|Added to NRHP||April 11, 1980|
The Thomas Hawley House at 514 Purdy Hill Road in Monroe, Connecticut, is a historic Colonial American wooden post-and-beam saltbox farm house built in 1755. Hawley was the great grandson of Joseph Hawley (Captain) of Stratford, Connecticut, through Samuel. A drawing and description of the house was included in J. Frederick Kelly's book, The Early Domestic Architecture of Connecticut first published in 1924.
Thomas and Sarah Hawley
The Thomas Hawley house is a rare survivor from the earliest era of Stepney’s settlement. It is also a reminder that until the mid-20th century, most residents made their living by farming. Present day Stepney or Monroe, was originally the northern part of Stratford, which had been settled in 1639. In the early 18th century, descendants of Stratford’s original settlers, Thomas Hawley among them, carved out farms out of the wilderness. Thomas Hawley was the great grandson of Joseph Hawley, one of the original settlers of Stratford, Connecticut who purchased most of the present town of Monroe from the Paugusset Indians in 1671. Thomas was born on September 8, 1734 in present day Trumbull, Connecticut, married Sarah Olcott on November 16, 1760 and raised ten children.
In 1761, 48 men from North Stratford, including Thomas Hawley, submitted a petition to the Connecticut General Court for permission to form their own religious parish. The nearest meetinghouse, as Congregationalists called their house of worship, was more than three miles (5 km) away. This made it difficult for residents of North Stratford to comply with the Connecticut law requiring everyone to attend all-day worship services on the Sabbath. The Connecticut General Court granted their request, and in 1762 created the New Stratford Ecclesiastical Society. In 1823, this society incorporated as the Town of Monroe.
The house, a pre-revolutionary saltbox dwelling, is two and one-half stories high and three bays wide with a side gable roof; center entrance, and center fieldstone chimney. Its dimensions are approximately 37 by 40 feet (12 m). The roof pitch is 45 degrees in the main portion, lessening to 30 degrees in the kitchen appendage, a probable indication that this was added at later date. The exterior is clapboard, painted a dark red color. The roof is a natural wood shingle. Window sash is 9-over-6 on the first floor and 6-over-6 on the second, and 9-panel single hung in the attic. None of the early farm outbuildings survive. There are no surface remnants of a barn and slave house mentioned in an early 19th-century estate inventory.
Captain Thomas Hawley played a role on the home front in the war for American independence. He is believed to have served on the Committee of Inspection appointed in 1776 to “keep watch and ward” in Stratford, of which Monroe was then still part, and which bordered the vulnerable Long Island coast.
Records show that as late as 1800, Thomas Hawley owned two slaves. Slavery had existed on a small scale in Connecticut since the 17th century, but never took root and flourished here as it did in the South. By 1800 the vast majority of the state’s black residents were freed. They had been manumitted (or freed) by their owners, bought their own freedom, or been liberated by a law designed to gradually eliminate slavery in Connecticut. By 1810 Thomas Hawley no longer owned slaves. Thomas Hawley died in 1817 at the age of 83, leaving nearly 150 acres (0.61 km2) of land. An inventory of Thomas Hawley’s estate at the time of his death shows a house valued at $160.00, a slave house at $10.00, and a barn at $130.00. David Hawley was the beneficiary of his father’s estate. His descendants lived in his house for another century. In the 1920s, F. William Behrens, mayor of Bridgeport from 1923 to 1929, purchased the Thomas Hawley house as a summer home.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- Stepney Heritage Trail Guide retrieved on 2009-05-11
- Hawley Genealogy, Elias Hawley, 1890, website retrieved on 2009-05-11
- Colonial Connecticut Records Vol. 11 page 595
- Colonial Connecticut Records Vol. 12 pages 48–50
- CTGENWEB Fairfield County website retrieved on 2009-05-12