Thomas Henry Wyatt

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Thomas Henry Wyatt
Thomas Henry Wyatt by George Landseer.jpg
Thomas Henry Wyatt by George Landseer[1]
Born (1807-05-09)9 May 1807
Lough-Glin House, County Roscommon
Died 5 August 1880(1880-08-05) (aged 73)
London
Nationality British
Awards Royal Gold Medal (1873)

Thomas Henry Wyatt (9 May 1807 – 5 August 1880) was an Irish British architect.[2] He had a prolific and distinguished career, being elected President of the Royal Institute of British Architects 1870–73[3] and awarded their Royal Gold Medal for Architecture in 1873.[4] His reputation during his lifetime was largely as a safe establishment figure and critical assessment has been less favourable more recently, particularly in comparison with his younger brother, the better known Matthew Digby Wyatt.

Personal and family life[edit]

Wyatt was born at Lough-Glin House, County Roscommon. His father was Matthew Wyatt (1773–1831) a barrister and police magistrate for Roscommon and Lambeth. Wyatt is presumed to have moved to Lambeth with his father in 1825 and then initially embarked on a career as a merchant sailing to the Mediterranean, particularly Malta.

He married his first cousin Arabella Montagu Wyatt (1807–1875). She was the second daughter of his uncle Arthur who was agent to the Duke of Beaufort. This consolidated his practice in Wales.[5]

He lived at and practised from 77 Great Russell Street. He died there on 5 August 1880 leaving an estate of £30,000. He is buried at Weston Patrick.

The Wyatts had been a significant architectural dynasty across the eighteenth and nineteenth century.

Career[edit]

Training[edit]

Wyatt's early training was in the office of Philip Hardwick where he worked until 1832, and was involved in work on Goldsmiths Hall, Euston Station and the warehouses at St Katharine Docks.

Practice[edit]

He began practice on his own account in 1832 when he was appointed District Surveyor for Hackney ( a post he held until 1861). By 1838 he had acquired substantial patronage from the Duke of Beaufort, the Earl of Denbigh and Sidney Herbert[disambiguation needed] and David Brandon joined him as partner. This partnership lasted until 1851.

Wyatt's son Matthew (1840–1892) became his father's partner in 1860.

Positions[edit]

Wyatt was appointed as consulting or honorary architect to a number of bodies including:

  • the Institute of Civil Engineers
  • Athenaum
  • Governesses Benevolent Association
  • Middlesex Hospital
  • Lunacy Commissioners
  • Incorporated Church building Society
  • Salisbury Diocese

Architectural works[edit]

Wyatt worked in many styles ranging from the Italianate of Wilton through to the Gothic of many of his churches.

His practice was extensive with a large amount of work in Wiltshire largely as a result of his official position and the patronage of the Herbert family and in Monmouthshire through the Beaufort connection

Wiltshire[edit]

This is a selective list of some of Wyatt's major works with some links to relevant information

Churches[edit]

Churches
Date Name Location Notes
1836-38 Christchurch Shaw now demolished
1839-40 Christ Church Derry Hill
1843 St. Mary Codford St Mary
1843 St. Mary and St. Nicholas Wilton Wiltshire churches entry
1843 Crockerton
1843 Christ Church Worton with Brandon
1844 Holy Trinity Dilton Marsh
1844 St. John Baptist Horningsham with Brandon, body of church
1841+ St. Andrew Newton Tony with Brandon
1845 All Saints Woodford
1845 St Mary Chittoe
1845 St Alfred the Great Monkton Deverill older tower
1846 St. John Evangelist West Ashton
1847 All Saints Westbury alterations, west window
1840-50 St. Nicholas Cholderton with Brandon
1851 Christchurch Cadley
1851 All Saints Charlton near Nunton
1852 St. Michael Hilperton
1854 All Saints West Harnham
1854 All Saints Burbage south aisle 1876
1854-55 St. Andrew Nunton
1855 St. Mary Shrewton
1851-53 St. Paul Salisbury
1856 St. Andrew Littleton Drew
1858 St. Andrew Laverstock
1860-61 St. John Bemerton Built for the Pembrokes of Wilton
1860 St Mary Boyton Restoration
1850-61 St. Mary Magdalene Woodborough rebuilding
1861 St Katherine Savernake Forest
1862 All Saints Sutton Mandeville
1862 St. Andrew South Newton
1862 St. Nicholas North Bradley
1862-63 SS. Peter & Paul Marlborough
1863 All Saints Chitterne
1863-64 St. Giles Wishford
1864 St. Nicholas Little Langford
1866 All Saints Winterslow
1866 St. Mary Alvediston
1866 Holy Trinity Fonthill Gifford
1867-68 St. Michael Winterbourne Earls
1868 St. Michael Little Bedwyn Vestry and restoration
1871 Christchurch Warminster
1875 St. Mary Upavon
1875 St. Leonard Semley
1878 St. John Baptist Hindon
1879 All Saints Fonthill Bishop

Houses[edit]

Houses
Date Name Location Notes

1848

Rectory, St. Mary Broughton Gifford
1856 Orchardleigh Estate Nr Frome, Somerset

Public[edit]

Public
Date Name Location Notes
1835 Assize Courts Devizes
1851 Roundway Hospital Devizes

Other[edit]

Date Name Location Notes

Monmouthshire[edit]

The Hendre[edit]

The Hendre was built in 1837/9 near Monmouth for the Rolls family

Llantarnam Abbey[edit]

Llantarnam Abbey was Wyatt's first (?) Monmouthshire house (1834-5) for Reginald Blewitt. Large mansion in the Elizabethan style, built on a dissolution site. Once again an abbey, in possession of the Sisters' of St. Joseph.

Church of St Thomas the Martyr, Monmouth[edit]

The Church of St Thomas the Martyr, Monmouth was renovated by Wyatt.[6]

Usk Sessions House[edit]

The Usk Sessions House was built in 1875-7

Other[edit]

Churches Houses Public Buildings Other

London[edit]

Knightsbridge Barracks[edit]

The Knightsbridge Barracks were built in 1878/9

Other[edit]

Churches Houses Public Buildings Other
  • 1863 Garrison Church, Woolwich.
  • 1840/1 St. Andrew, Bethnal Green
  • 1846/7 St. Matthias Bethnal Green
  • 1850 Holy Trinity, Haverstock Hill, London

Somerset[edit]

Churches Houses Public Buildings Other

Cambridgeshire[edit]

Churches Houses Public Buildings Other
  • 1872 St. John, March
  • 1880 St Peters Church, High Street, March
  • 1872 St. Mary-in-the-Fen, Westry
  • 1872 St. Peter, Wimblington

Lancashire including Liverpool[edit]

Churches Houses Public Buildings Other
  • 1875 St. Michael, Dalton
  • 1867 Exchange, Liverpool

Glamorgan and rest of Wales[edit]

Churches Houses Public Buildings Other
  • 1838 Glyntaff, Newbridge
  • 1851/2 ???? Merthyr Tydfil
  • 1855/6 Glanogwen, Llanllechid, Caernarfonshire
Hensol Castle

Herefordshire[edit]

Churches Houses Public Buildings Other

Hampshire[edit]

Churches Houses Public Buildings Other

Gloucestershire[edit]

Churches Houses Public Buildings Other

Elsewhere[edit]

Churches Houses Public Buildings Other
  • 1841+ Westerdale Hall, Yorks.
  • 1860 Carlett Park, Cheshire
  • 1873 Palmela Manor House, 1873 (thought to be his), Cascais (Lisbon), Portugal.
  • Westerdale Hall, February 2008

Bibliography[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas Henry Wyatt, National Portrait Gallery, London, accessed 8 September 2009
  2. ^ Obituary in Builder get proper citation
  3. ^ APSD entry
  4. ^ List provided by RIBA
  5. ^ Thomas Henry Wyatt, DSA Architect Biography Report, accessed December 2011
  6. ^ "History of St Thomas the Martyr". Monmouth Parishes. Retrieved 9 December 2011. 
  7. ^ Pevsner & Sherwood, The Buildings of England: Oxfordshire, 1974, p. 847

External links[edit]