Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent

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Thomas Holland
Earl of Kent
Baron Holand
Arms of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent.svg
coat of arms of Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent
Earl of Kent
Predecessor Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent
Spouse(s) Alice FitzAlan

Issue

Alianore Holland
Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey
Joan Holland
John Holland
Edmund Holland, 4th Earl of Kent
Margaret Holland
Elizabeth Holland
Eleanor Holland
Bridget Holland[1]
Father Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent
Mother Joan of Kent
Born 1350[1] or 1354[2]
Upholland, Lancashire, England
Died April 25, 1397(1397-04-25) (aged around 47)
Arundel Castle, Sussex, England
Buried Bourne Abbey, Lincolnshire

Thomas Holland (also known as de Holland),[1] 2nd Earl of Kent, 3rd Baron Holand KG (1350/1354 – 25 April 1397) was an English nobleman and a councillor of his half-brother, King Richard II of England.

Family and early Life[edit]

Thomas Holland (or de Holand)[1] was born in Upholand, Lancashire, in 1350[1][3] or 1354[2][4] (sources differ on his birth year). He was the eldest surviving son of Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent, and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent".[5] His mother was a daughter of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, and Margaret Wake. Edmund was in turn a son of Edward I of England and his second Queen consort Marguerite of France, and thus a younger half-brother of Edward II of England.
His father died in 1360, and later that year, on 28 December, Thomas became Baron Holand.[3] His mother was still Countess of Kent in her own right.

Military career[edit]

At sixteen, in 1366, Holland was appointed captain of the English forces in Aquitaine.[6] Over the next decade he fought in various campaigns, including the Battle of Nájera, under the command of his stepfather Edward, the Black Prince. He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1375.[6]

Richard II became king in 1377, and soon Holland acquired great influence over his younger half-brother, which he used for his own enrichment. In 1381, he succeeded as Earl of Kent.[6]

Later years and death[edit]

Prior to his death, Holland was appointed Governor of Carisbrooke Castle.[6] Holland died at Arundel Castle, Sussex, England on 25 April 1397.[1]

Marriage and issue[edit]

Holland married Alice FitzAlan (daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel) on 10 April 1364.[1][2] They had nine children:

  1. Alianore Holland (1373 – October 1405), married first Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, and second Edward Charleton, 5th Baron Cherleton
  2. Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey (1374 – 7 January 1400), who succeeded him
  3. Joan Holland (ca. 1380–12 April 1434), married Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York
  4. John Holland
  5. Edmund Holland, 4th Earl of Kent (6 January 1384 – 15 September 1408), had a child by Constance of York
  6. Margaret Holland (1385 – 31 December 1439), married first John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, and second Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence
  7. Elizabeth Holland, who married Sir John Neville (c.1387 – before 20 May 1420), eldest son and heir of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland, and by him had three sons, Ralph Neville, 2nd Earl of Westmorland, John Neville, Baron Neville, and Sir Thomas Neville, and a daughter, Margaret Neville.[7]
  8. Eleanor Holland (1386- after 1413) married Thomas Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury
  9. Bridget Holland, who became a nun[1]

Through the marriages of his daughters, he became the ancestor of many of the prominent figures in the Wars of the Roses, including Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, Henry Tudor, and Warwick the Kingmaker, father of queen consort Anne Neville. He was also an ancestor of queen consort Catherine Parr, the sixth wife of King Henry VIII.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Tompsett, Brian. "de Holland, Thomas, Earl of Kent 2nd". Royal Genealogical Data. Retrieved 29 October 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c Lundy, Darryl. "thePeerage.com - Person Page 10292". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 30 October 2011. [unreliable source]
  3. ^ a b Rayment, Leigh. "Peers - H - page 4". Leigh Rayment's Peerage Page. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  4. ^ Western, Peter. "Page - pafg22". Maximilian Genealogy Master Database 2000. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  5. ^ Western, Peter. "Page - pafg51". Maximilian Genealogy Master Database 2000. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c d  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1891). "Holland, Thomas (1350-1397)". Dictionary of National Biography 27. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  7. ^ Richardson III 2011, p. 249.
  • Dictionary of National Biography, Vol.27, Ed. Sidney Lee, Smith, Elder & Co., 1851.
Legal offices
Preceded by
John of Foxley
Justice in Eyre
south of Trent

1377–1397
Succeeded by
The Earl of Rutland
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Thomas Holland
Earl of Kent
1381–1397
Succeeded by
Thomas Holland
Baron Holand
1360–1397